Recycling the Impossible for a Better Tomorrow
The average person produces an unexpectedly, large amount of waste in their lifetime. Basic, simple everyday tasks such as personal hygiene, travel, and eating create waste. There has been an increased public awareness of the importance, and benefits of recycling. Climate change continues to produce more erratic, extreme weather, and it’s deeply important to limit the trash inside landfills, and keep our bodies of water clean. Individuals alone can’t solve the global problem of waste management and climate change, but there is a lot of promising help on the way.
The country of Sweden has taken recycling seriously for decades. According to a New York Times story dated September 21, 2018, 49 percent of household waste is recycled, 50 percent is burned at one of 34 waste to energy power plants, and less than 1 percent arrives at a landfill. Food and organic waste is converted into fuel powering buses, garbage collection trucks, and other vehicles. Sweden has a goal of 100 percent renewable energy by 2040, and zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045. In addition to brilliantly addressing its local waste management Sweden also imports trash. Trash is imported from the United Kingdom, Norway, Ireland, and others. Sweden is paid to accept their trash.
Single use plastics are so commonplace in everyday life, but all that waste adds up. Not all of it ends up being recycled and sadly, a lot ends up in the ocean. While very convenient to the consumer an equally convenient solution in Norway has emerged. The government taxes all producers of plastic bottles, and the more they recycle the less the tax penalty. If the company recycles more than 95 percent of their products they’re exempt of the tax. The consumer of the products can return the empty bottle to the place of purchase or a machine and receive a coupon or cash. 97 percent of all plastic drink bottles are recycled and 92 percent are put back in circulation.
Styrofoam is commonly used by the restaurant industry because of its low cost, but it has an alarming high cost to the environment. Styrofoam can take up to 500 years to break down. Luke Clay visited Central America with his family and was deeply disturbed by the high amount of styrofoam liter he saw. When he returned home, feeling inspired along with friends Ashton Cofer and Julia Bray, they worked on a solution. It took the team 50 hours of lab work but they discovered how to break down styrofoam and purify water. With some motivation and hard-work the team of Luke Clay, Ashton Cofer, and Julia Bray demonstrated the global styrofoam waste problem can be solved. The team has filed a patent, and wants to commercialize their discovery. Local governments are also taking action. Effective January 1, 2019 New York City is the largest city that has banned all single use styrofoam items in the United States. The states of Maryland and Maine have passed their respective styrofoam bans as well that will be taking effect in 2020 and 2021.
At the University of the Valley Atemajac, in Mexico, a chemical engineering professor named Sandra Pascoe Ortiz, has found a new use for one of Mexico’s most beloved plants. Prepared cactus leaves, called nopales are a common food in Mexican culture and Sandra has created a new recipe. She makes cactus juice, refrigerates it, mixes it with some natural ingredients, and it becomes a biodegradable bendable plastic that can be molded into different shapes, thickness, smoothness, and sizes. Research is being done which cactus plants are best to be converted into plastic, and a company is interested in commercializing the material. What is especially beneficial is if the plastic makes its way to a landfill or a body of water it is nontoxic and a source of food for wildlife. Other companies are looking to make a difference too with their waste. Saltwater Brewery in Delray Beach, Florida three years ago introduced biodegradable and edible six-pack rings in their beer packaging. The rings are made from barley and wheat ribbons. The President of Saltwater Brewery Chris Gove hopes to inspire other beverage makers to be more conscious of the waste left behind affecting wildlife in, and out of water.
The Allbirds shoe company is a new, environmentally conscious company valued at 1.4 billion dollars transforming footwear one pair of shoes at a time. Former President Barack Obama, Ben Affleck, Ashton Kutcher, Leonardo DiCaprio, Hugh Jackman, and Matthew McConaughey are some that have been seen wearing what Time Magazine has declared the “World’s Most Comfortable Shoe.” Allbirds makes men, women, children’s shoes made out of wool and tree fiber. The shoelaces are made from recycled bottles, the insoles castor bean oil, the soles sugarcane, and the packaging from 90 percent recycled cardboard. The entire product was clearly imagined to be as Earth-friendly as possible. Native Shoes and Everlane are two other companies making a statement with their footwear. Native is in the process of developing a shoe that is entirely biodegradable, and Everlane uses recycled plastic bottles to make its shoes.
Diapers, feminine products, and adult incontinence products were not thought of to be recyclable but one company is taking bold action. Knowaste LLC has a facility in the United Kingdom dedicated to absorbent products. The facility provides a much-needed resource for childcare centers, hospitals, nursing homes, and washroom management companies to collect and recycle unthinkable waste. An additional facility is being developed near London with Knowaste estimating handling at least 36,000 tons of absorbent product waste a year. It is believed a typical baby will use 6,000 disposable diapers before becoming potty trained at 2 ½ years old, and 15 billion annually in the United States. That is 2.4 million tons of smelly waste. A trial diaper recycling program has started in San Clarita, California but the process is expensive. Terracycle is another company that recycles diapers but they also have taken the challenge of cigarette butts. Cigarette butts are one of the most littered items, and they often end up in bodies of water through storm drains hurting wildlife. Since 2012 in over 12,000 locations worldwide, Terracycle has collected over 90 million cigarette butts. The cigarette butts are used to make park benches and shipping pallets.
Every minute countless amounts of waste and trash continue to accumulate, but there are so many different and creative ways to recycle now more than ever before. As the climate continues to become more unpredictable and erratic, protecting the environment by limiting our waste and finding new uses for recyclable material is critical. Confronted with problem there is nothing the human spirit cannot accomplish. Governments, private companies, and regular everyday people are making a difference. There is currently an ongoing global #Trashtag Challenge on social media of people posting pictures of areas littered with trash, and then an after picture after they have cleaned the area. Everyone has the ability to contribute a cleaner, healthier planet and we all deserve to live in one.
In Sweden, Trash Heats Homes, Powers Buses, and Fuels Taxi Fleets
Swedish recycling so successful it is importing rubbish
Can Norway help us solve the plastic crisis, one bottle at a time?
These 3 Teens Figured Out a Brilliant Way to Recycle Styrofoam
NYC’s Styrofoam ban goes into effect on January 1
This new biodegradable plastic is made from cactus
How to make biodegradable ‘plastic’ from cactus juice
Saltwater Brewery Creates Edible Six-Pack Rings
Obama’s New Favourite Trainer Brand Is Affordable And Good For The Planet
Every single piece of these sneakers is made from plants
Knowaste Recycles Absorbent Hygiene Products
Company Recycles Cigarette Butts and Turns Them into Useful Things Instead
Shocking Global Cigarette Litter Facts
People Are Cleaning Up The Planet in Viral #Trashtag Challenge
What recycling is most impressive?
© 2019 Angel Guzman