ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Religion Is not a Reliable Guide in Assessing Politicians' Integrity

Updated on August 13, 2013

Monica Lewinsky (Photo from Digg)

With very few exceptions, religion is not like a law

Charlemagne of France was the first to make religion, Christianity, a prop for political power. He coddled the church and gave it some territory. He found that his subjects were easier to cajole with religion doing the soft touch.

Props of power

Benito Mussolini, the former Fascist dictator of Italy, adopted the ways of Charlemagne and gave the Vatican a one-square mile territory that has stayed up to the present.

There was a time religion was a military power onto itself. Remember the crusades? A crusade was meant to get back Jerusalem from the Muslims and to expiate one's sins. That was the time when the pope was also the general. There was one pope who had to postpone an attack on Jerusalem because he was afflicted with malaria. In the first crusade, the temple was ankle deep in blood of Muslim children, men, women, old people who were slaughtered by the Christian invaders.

When the pope was not his own general he admonished kings and princes to make his war on Jerusalem. There were about nine crusades that spanned from 1059 through to 1500s. One pope believed that virgins could not be harmed because they were sinless. Whereupon he unleased virgins, boys, to overwhelm Jerusalem. Unexperienced on the ways of war, these boys were slaughtered.

There was one prince who rebelled against the pope. He married a Muslim princess. The pope has the power of excommunication that was feared even by kings. But King Henry VIII of England did not fear excommunication. He cut his ties with the pope and established the Church of England in 1532 and made himself the supreme bishop. The pope excommunicated him but he and his subjects did seem to mind. The protestant movement has spread to North America.

Place for religion

In 1799, the French revolutionaries abolished the privileges of the Catholic church and installed a constitution for the church.

The Filipino revolutionaries against Spain established the Philippine Independent Church with Mgsr. Gregorio Aglipay as supreme bishop. Bernardino Nozaleda, then the archbishop of Manila, excommunicated Aglipay to scare him back to the fold of the pope. Aglipay excommunicated Nozaleda in return.

In the Philippines Spain subjugated the natives with the sword in one hand and the cross on the other. In fact, after the revolution against Spain in 1896 when the political power of Spain over the islands had been severed, the Catholic church has maintained its power unscathed. Presently the Catholic church is testing the waters by going against the reproductive health bill filed in Philippine congress.

Religion belongs in morality. It is not a law, except for some religions. One religion stipulates against charging interest on capital. So, it does not charge interest but gets some sort of service fee.

History has shown that religion is not a guarantee of integrity either. Morality is malleable. Although morality has a wider scope than power, power can subdue morality in some aspects. (I have a Hub on the relationship between morality and power.)

Politics belongs in morality but is focused on power a subset of morality. Politicians specialize on the use of power that is subdivided into naked power, priestly power, persuasive power, economic power and executive power (Russell, B. Power).

Faith belongs in priestly power. Politicians make use of this power to enhance their persuasive and economic powers. Once elected, they will add executive power to their arsenal.

A dictator uses naked power.

Faith is not immutable unlike a scientific law, or unlike a statute that can be implemented by force. Religion has its ways of enforcing its tenets, though. These ways are so subtle that the victim does not even know that s/he is harboring her/his own enemy.

There is good morals just as there is bad morals. There is power used for the good and there is power used for the bad. Justice has given way to power. In our times, someone had said that power is the important concept that governs humanity.

In the Philippines, a politician avows to belong to a religion that censures bigamy and poligamy. However this politician has at least three wives, one is sanctioned by the church, the others by common law. He has children by these wives. Two of them, by different wives, are senators. Well, the children are not guilty of their father's fault.

Not too long ago there was a candidate for the president of the USA. He is a married man. Then his photo was shown cuddling on his laps a woman who is not his wife. That forced him to withdrew from the presidential race.

A recent president of the USA was impeached by the House of Representatives for having an affair with a woman. He was acquitted by the US senate because liaison with a woman outside marriage is not an impeachable act. He is reputed to have pardoned the greatest number of convicts in the USA including a brother-in-law and another who was head of organized crime.

Recently, a tape recording of Monica's message to Pres. Bill Clinton surfaced (Internet, August. 12,2013, Digg).


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)