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Restoration of US-Cuba relations

Updated on December 23, 2014

Stephen Harper and Pope Francis. Two altruistic efforts


Good offices of the Vatican and Canada

On Wednesday 17 December came to light an unexpected news: “Presidents Barack Obama and Raul Castro announced the restoration of relations between the US and Cuba." The news traveled the world as a snowball thrown from the heights of world power. It was an ad that took everyone by surprise. His only antecedent was a ceremonial handshake between President Barak H. Obama and his counterpart Raul Castro during the tribute to the late South African leader Nelson Mandela, held on Tuesday December 9, 2013, in Johannesburg, South Africa.

All media were put at the service of the new event. The press, television and all the media devoted spaces to his entire disclosure. Little by little it was revealing that the decision was made after a year and a half of talks between Cuba and the United States on Canadian soil. “Canada is pleased to have made the host of senior officials from the United States and Cuba ...” said in a statement Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper. Discussions were held with the utmost discretion, driven by Pope Francis and the Vatican. The same day that the news came to light, the Vatican issued a statement acknowledging the work of the Holy See. "The Holy Father is highly pleased by the historic decision of the Governments of the United States and Cuba ..." "The Holy See, welcoming in the Vatican last October, to delegations from both countries, has wanted to offer its good offices to promote constructive dialogue on sensitive issues which have emerged on mutually satisfactory solutions."

A ceremonial greeting


US-Cuba. Two viewpoints

The reactions were swift. Maybe the first to concentrate and publicly express their views was the Cuban exile community. Relatives of Cuban Americans sprayed into the air by the Castro army, could not hide the tears. They expressed feeling betrayed by President Barak Obama. With them was Congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. She was there to offer their support.

The Versailles of Little Havana in Miami overflowed. Some young people expressed their joy at the possibility of a significant improvement in the economic situation of Cubans living on the island. Other, the older Cuban exile dissidents, loudly expressed their disagreement and dislikes. The views points were diffuse and dissimilar, and people began to coalesce in two states of different opinions:

On one side were pooled the persons that were celebrating political change and economic beneficial to United States and Cuba. "On behalf of the entire continent, because I'm interpreting entire continent, we celebrate the boldness and courage of Obama and Cuban President. This is great news for the region and for the world", said the president of Colombia Juan Manuel Santos, from the Mercosur meeting that took place the same day December 17th. Many personalities also supported the decision. “The United Nations stands ready to help these two countries to develop good neighborly relations”, affirmed Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General of the UN. For his part, Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), Chilean José Miguel Insulza, expressed that the measures announced on Wednesday are a "historic step" and "open the way for standardization that no turning back."

On the other side were pooled the persons that repudiated the initiative, and almost shouted in chorus that they felt betrayed by President Barak Obama. "This Congress will not lift the embargo," said Cuban-American senator Marco Rubio, during a press conference in which he predicted on behalf of the Republican Party that we will use "every tool at our disposal, like most, to thwart whatever changes are possible.” Meanwhile, former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, possible presidential candidate for the elections of 2016, asked tighten the blockade to Cuba instead of stopping it.

The White House had planned the different states of opinions that would produce the decision to restore relations between the US and Cuba. So that President Barak H. Obama, during the announcement of the agreement reached between the US and Cuba, expressed:

"To Those Who Oppose the steps I'm announcing today, let me say that I respect your passion and share your commitment to liberty and democracy. The question is how we uphold that commitment. I do not believe we can keep doing the same thing for over five Decades and expect a different result. , Moreover, it does not serve America's Interests, or the Cuban people, to try to push Cuba toward collapse." Then, referring to the welfare of the Cuban people, said "we shouldn’t allow US sanctions' to add to the burden of Cuban Citizens That we seek to help.”

"To Those Who Have supported in Original Measures, I thank you for being partners in our efforts. In particularly, I want to thank His Holiness Pope Francis, Whose moral example shows us The Importance of pursuing the world As it should be,"(...)

Rigid policy rooted in old events

Both those who support the decision of restoration of relations between Cuba and the United States, as those who are against, speak for the welfare of the Cuban people. And the Cuban people, formed by those living on the island and those reside in exile, are trapped between these two sides.

Many wonder which side is right. How long more is needed to prove that the embargo is a failure? How long does the Cuban exile and the parties of the internal opposition in Cuba need to overthrow the current government? How long the Cuban people will continue suffering from economic constraints measures that advertise on behalf of their welfare?

The states of opinions may be different, but the reality is one. And the reality is that the only one suffering the consequences of the embargo and the political and hostile acts between the government of Washington and Havana is the Cuban people residing on the island, a village covered by the cloak of hardship, the deprivation and suffering.

Then, those that really love the suffering people of the island should sit at the same table, and everybody together discuss these words of President Barak H. Obama: "Neither the American, nor Cuban people are well served by a rigid policy rooted in events That Is That took place before most of it us Were born."

"Let us leave behind the legacy of both colonization and communism, the tyranny of drug cartels, dictators and sham elections. A future of Greater peace, security and democratic development is possible if we work together - not to maintain power, not to secure vested interest, but Instead to advance the dreams of our citizens ".

Sources consulted

The New York Time.

CNN Politic-


Theguardian-http: //


Duration of the economic embargo

How long the Cuban people living on the island will continue suffering the economic embargo that are advertised on behalf of their welfare?

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Failure of the US embargo

How much longer is needed to show that the US embargo on Cuba is a failure?

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Defeat of the Cuban government

How long does the Cuban exile and the parties of the internal opposition in Cuba need to overthrow the current government?

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5 stars for US-Cuba Relations

Your opinion counts

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    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I would cast my vote, but I do not know how to do it

    • liasagustin profile imageAUTHOR

      Agustin Lias 

      3 years ago from 2222 Fillmore St, Hollywood, Fl. 33020

      Lazara Yeisel thank you very much for your interest in my article. I appreciate your opinion a lot. It seems a sensible and balanced view.

    • profile image

      Yeisel Lazara 

      3 years ago

      This is a sharp and interesting article. It is time for a change in Cuba. The restoration of relations between Cuba and USA is the best that can happen to both states. True, maybe this agreement will not improve the political situation. But there will be in Cuba an economic improvement. Nobody should be fooled, the Cuban government does not fall by the embargo. Who falls in abject poverty is the Cuban people. Those who love the Cuban people must want to improve the conditions of this suffering people.

    • liasagustin profile imageAUTHOR

      Agustin Lias 

      3 years ago from 2222 Fillmore St, Hollywood, Fl. 33020

      Thanks Agniel. It is very encouraging to know that the article "Restoration of US-Cuba relations" and the survey appearing in him, has been interesting for you. Thanks again for your excellent assessment.

    • liasagustin profile imageAUTHOR

      Agustin Lias 

      3 years ago from 2222 Fillmore St, Hollywood, Fl. 33020

      I appreciate your opinion. Thank you very much. I told him that the embargo only benefits the Castro's. The Cuban and American people are affected. It's a shame that the Cuban political exile, based in Miami, does not understand this reality. Whoever wishes to changes in Cuba only have to support the elimination of the economic embargo. Because of this measure, United States people can not travel or keep trade with Cuba. This smacks of limitation of freedom! Do not you think?

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      3 years ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      Excellent and very well balanced Hub, Liasagustin. Our Cuba policy is incredibly outdated and it is well past time we began engaging Cuba positively, The Cuban people have suffered enough and the Castro brothers will soon be gone. We need to promote a more moderate future government.

    • liasagustin profile imageAUTHOR

      Agustin Lias 

      3 years ago from 2222 Fillmore St, Hollywood, Fl. 33020

      Thank you. I appreciate your feedback.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      It is very interesting. It is even better the questions. The article is excellent.


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