Scoville Scale for Peppers
The Scoville scale for peppers is a measure of the heat component of a chili pepper. Capsaicin is the chemical compound contained in these peppers which stimulates heat-receptors in the tongue. The number of Scoville heat units, commonly referred to as SHU, indicates the amount of capsaicin present in the pepper. Scoville Scale for Peppers is important to know as many hot sauces use the scoville scale as a measure in advertising their products.
The Naga Viper Pepper is a genetically engineered pepper by three of the hottest known peppers Bhut Jolokia, Naga Morich and Trinidad Scorpion. Naga Viper Pepper, on the scoville scale, measure 1,359,000 units.
Scoville Scale for Peppers
Wilbur Scoville developed the Scoville Organoleptic Test in 1912 and hence the name Scoville units to measure how hot or spicy something is. A solution of the pepper extract is diluted in sugar water until the 'heat' is no longer detectable to a panel of tasters. The degree of dilution gives the measure on the Scoville scale in scoville units. For example, a sweet pepper that contains no capsaicin at all, will have a 0 scoville units. The hottest chiles, such as habaneros or the Ghost Chili Pepper, have a scoville rating of 300,000 or more, indicating that their extract has to be diluted 300,000-fold before the capsaicin is undetectable.
In March 2010, India’s security forces announced that they are planning to use the world’s hottest chilli powders made from Ghost Chili Pepper in hand grenades to control riots and during insurgency operations in the remote northeast. They will replace explosives in small hand grenades with a certain variety of red chilli to immobilise a person without killing him.
The chilli found in India's northeast regions like Assam generates so much heat it was enough to startle a person for a while when used as a weapon. The bhut jolokia chilli (aka Ghost Chili Pepper) is said to generate 1,000,000 heat units on the Scoville scale for peppers which is a thousand times more than a common kitchen chilli.
The chilli will also be used as a food supplement for soldiers deployed in cold weather conditions to raise their body temperatures. Scientists are also hoping to use a coat of the chilli powder in fences around army barracks as its pungent smell keeps wild animals away. Pepper spray is another commonly used riot control agent in many parts of the world
Chili peppers have been a part of the human diet in South and Central America since about 7,500 B.C. Some of the most common chili pepper species are: Bell peppers, Cayenne and Tabasco peppers, Habanero chilies and Scotch bonnets, South American aji peppers, Aji, the Peruvian term for chili pepper, South American rocoto peppers.
Scoville scale for peppers
- Ghost Chili Pepper as Weapon
Ghost Chili Pepper is definitely going to be an effective nontoxic weapon because...
Scoville units for peppers
Sweet bell pepper
New Mexico chilies
1,000 - 2,000
2,500 - 8,000
30,000 - 50,000
50,000 - 100,000
100,000 - 350,000