Simón Bolívar and the fragileness of Columbia, Bolivia, Venezuela and Ecuador
Map showing the presence of poverty in Southern America
"The independence of Spanish America is incomprehensible without the presence of the liberators and its subsequent history would be empty without the intervention of personal authority. In the action of Bolívar we observe the dynamics of leadership, the power to command and the modes of ruling in the diverse society of Spanish America, not the whole history of the age, but a great part of it." This quote from John Lynch's biography of Simon Bolivar: a life introduces a very well known concept. Dictatorial leadership that made possible Southern American nations birth and independence. Noble man with Spanish origins, learned by his mentor with enlightening principles, he was both a Catholic and a Mason. Military mind, he used to be authoritarian as a political leader. It was for practical reasons linked to the strength needed to rule countries in transactional periods.
Hugo Chavez observing Bolivar's memory
In Bolivar's dream, poor nations of South America had to rise and to overcome the European and Northern Atlantic influence. But historical roots did not come into a cultural and economic accomplishment. There are many elements proving the evidence of a general financial weakness there. Argentina state failed two times, it's worthy to report. Another element to notice (even if it's less famous) is the presence of a weak private banks system. The Spanish Santander is nowadays the main financial group of South America. Government and private finance are not doing their job at its best, messing up a continent charactered by a strong presence of natural resources and large soil fertility.