- Politics and Social Issues
Split Labor Market Theory
For this blog entry, I will be talking about split labor market theory and how it affects today. According to Healey, Joseph F., and Eileen Obrien (2015), that split labor market theory was used to explain racial and ethnic tensions of social structure level. While reading the book and the example that was given, I understood that they used immigrants and the minority groups to do labor but cheaper so they would not have to pay someone the same work that some was going to charge or should be paid the correct wage for the job that was done.
An example that I can think of would be people use children who are poor to work in a factory and do the same job an adult would do but they would only get paid at a very low price. The theory that I would be able to use would be the conflict theory, the reason I chose this theory is that I think people are fighting to get equality and children who are working under bad condition deserve to be represented.
According to Corzine, J., Huff-Corzine, L, & Creech, J (1988), stated that they did an observation between the whites and the blacks when it came to labor in the cotton south. They could conclude that racial violence was because of the competition between the workers going it done by how much they were paid. Which means that whites would do the job but only if they were being paid at a high price whereas the blacks would do the job and get paid off whatever much they were willing to pay them. I feel the reason blacks would do that is that they want to take any job just so they can provide for themselves and their family. Where whites know they can obtain a job and get paid better for the job they do.
Bernstein, D (1996), has stated that mandatory split labor market in Palestine and the actors, using these two groups for the labor seeing that they are doing the same job but they have slight differences they have from each other. At the end of the study their observation that the dominant group workers were not liking the fact of doing the job but getting paid less. I feel no matter how many times or different ways they do the study I believe they are still going to see the same result between the dominant group and the minority group. The dominant group is less likely to do the job but get paid less where the minority group would do anything to get paid just so they can support themselves or their family.
For the first link, it is talking about the split labor market and how the theory of ethnic antagonism has an effect on each other. On this page, it looks like they focus on the poverty and inequality there is in society. They do provide more resources and reports based on the topic of the split labor market.
- A Theory of Ethnic Antagonism: The Split Labor Market - Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
An important source of antagonism between ethnic groups is hypothesized to be a split labor market, i.e. one in which there is a large differential in price of labor for the same occupation. The price of labor is not a response to race or ethnicity o
For the second link, is giving a better understanding of split labor market and how ethnicity plays a role in the whole processes of the theory. They provide resources also of the economic and political point of view and, they bring up why there is a motive that split labor market theory happens. In this link, they do bring up the difference between high paid labor and cheap labors.
At the end, split labor market explaining how it plays a role in our society between the dominant and minority group.
Bernstein, D. (1996). Expanding the Split Labor Market Theory: Between and Within Sectors of the Split Labor Market of Mandatory Palestine. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 38(2), 243-266.
Corzine, J., Huff‐Corzine, L., & Creech, J. (1988). The Tenant Labor Market and Lynching in the South: A Test of Split Labor Market Theory*. Sociological Inquiry, 58(3), 261-278.