ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Stalingrad in Chechnya: Komsomolskoye

Updated on February 28, 2009

A Modern Day Stalingrad

For non-military history students, Stalingrad is one of the most famous battles in WW2. It involved the deepest penetration into Russia by the German Army along the Volga River. The bitter battle is revisited in many books and movies. It was here the German 6th Army was trapped and destroyed.

Stalingrad Revisited in 2000

Starting at the end of the Custer-like Ulus-Kert destruction of the Russian 6th Paratroop company on Hill 776, another major battle in Chechnya was developing.

In early March, 2000, the Russian 200 man security force seized the town of Komsomolskoye (5000 people) located near the foothills of the Black Mountains. The Chechen forces had already been hiding in the foothills and in desperation attacked the town with 500 men quickly forcing the Russians to retreat.

By the 6th, the Russians had fallen back to the perimeter of the town and laid siege with numerous artillery and MRLS rocket launchers. The Russians attempted several times to enter the town and retake portions but each time were repulsed. The siege and intense air and artillery bombardment had little effect on the Chechens whom hid in the numerous pillbox-like basements of the stone buildings. The Russians created more and more rubble. By the 12th, much of the town was in ruin and the Russians had only penetrated into the fringe. In order to trap the Chechens, a paratroop battalion was deployed behind the town and a minefield inserted. By this time, some 1500 Chechens were defending the town. The Chechens had turned the town into a fortress-like Stalingrad.

The Russians continued to lay siege and attempted to enter. More and more the town came under their control as the Chechens had nothing to lose but life. Russian troops and SWAT teams had to clear out the Chechen infestation at a very high cost due to the urban environment. To help matters, a T-72 company (10 tanks) daringly entered the town and fired at buildings at point blank range. A new multi--barrel flame-throwing tank also was used to clear out the pillboxes and basements. These tanks were called, "Buratino", and several of them were used with great effect.

By the 17th, most of the town was finally under Russian control once again. Pockets remained and when the Chechen’s called for a truce it proved to be a ruse. Many of the Chechens surrendered with hidden grenades and when the Russian troops moved to within range, they were exploded.

By the 20th, it was over. Dead bodies covered the ground amongst the rubble. The town was destroyed. Over 300 dead horses added to the stench of the 2500 dead Russians and 800 dead Chechens. The remaining surrendered, only a few escaped. A small scale modern-day Stalingrad.

The Russian used two special weapons to conduct urban warfare: the Buratino and Schmel. Both were air-fuel delivery systems. Both very deadly.

The "Buratino" was the main thermobaric delivery system that the Russians used against Grozny. The Buratino is a 30-barrel 220mm multiple rocket launcher system mounted on a T-72 tank chassis. It is an observed-fire system with a maximum effective range of 3.5 kilometers (other sources say it has a maximum range of five kilometers). The minimum range is 400 meters. The rocket mounts an incendiary or a thermobaric warhead. The warhead is filled with a combustible liquid and when the warhead explodes, the liquid is vaporized creating an aerosol cloud. This cloud mixes with oxygen and detonates, first creating a high temperature cloud of flame followed by a crushing overpressure. The Buratino proved a devastating system during the fight for Komsomolskoye.

The Schmel [Bumblebee] was also widely used. This flamethrower is a shoulder-fired, single-shot, disposable weapon with a maximum range of 1,000 meters. It is best used as a bunker buster. It's two-kilogram warhead readily knocks out bunkers and strong points.The warhead contents form an aerosol cloud. This cloud is then ignited and the subsequent fireball sears the surrounding area while consuming the oxygen in this area. The lack of oxygen creates an enormous overpressure. This overpressure is the primary casualty-producing force. In a dozen microseconds, the pressure at the center of the explosion can reach 427 pounds per square inch (normal atmospheric pressure at sea level is 14.7 pounds per square inch) with a temperature between 4,532-5,432 degrees Fahrenheit!. Personnel under the cloud are literally crushed to death.

Both used during this modern day Stalingrad.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • perrya profile imageAUTHOR

      perrya 

      6 years ago

      The acronym you hide under, LOL, is totally appropriate based on you ignorant comment. LOL. OMG.

    • profile image

      LOL 

      6 years ago

      Thank you for posting bulshit terroristic propaganda!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)