Status of Women in India
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She was regarded as a decree of Millions of Rupees on the parents. Further as a wife she always had to obey her husband, "They were not allowed to reason something wrong, but only to serve and die" was the motto for them within four walls, the noble professions of the outside world were considered to be of no concern for them. Whether their husbands were good and bad, they were always forced to consider him as their lord and god.
In the past, women were treated as they were slaves. In the past, it was believed that as they belong to the weaker sex ( a very false belief) they should always follow men's orders and should always remain under the thumbs of men. They were denied from freedom.Women's condition was really not good. In those times, no one felt happy in the home at the birth of a female child. And the things were that much worse that an only girl child in a family was supposed to be a curse for the family.
The current picture is entirely different when we look on the urban areas of India, but in majority of rural areas, the status of women is still same as mentioned above. The changes which took place in the urban areas are very good and beneficial which came gradually. India is changing politically, economically and socially, at a swift speed. The condition and status of women in India is slowly changing and rising. They have begun to take due place in free India.
Men and Women are just like the two wheels of a chariot. They are equal in importance and they should work together in life. The one is not superior or inferior to other. Unlike ancient times, though currently in majority of rural areas of India women are treated well, but with the orthodoxy they are cut off from the main stream of social life. The rural society did not respect them and give them the due position. They have to suffer and work inside the houses. Thus they are completely depended on men.
In the present world, time has changed. This change in time and the process of upgradation of status of women in India started from the time of freedom movements in India. Women effectively and actively took part in the freedom movement of the country along with men. They fought hand in hand with men for India's independence. Female leaders like Sarojini Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Lakshmi Bai and plenty of others raised their voices. Women of all sections and societies revoluted against the purdah system. They did not like to live within. They did not like to live within the walls of their houses. As time went on, the status of women in India kept on evolving. They came out and showed to the worlds that women in India could do as much as men, and even better.
Soon after independence, Indian women got back their honour and dignity. The Indian constitution also grants full equality to women. They started taking part in the system and political setup of the country as a full time job. A large number of India women are social workers. Many of them are working as doctors, scientists, engineers, police officers and magistrates. A huge number of women are in teaching profession today. More and more women are getting jobs in MNC's and offices today and nowadays they are even outperforming men. Now women compete with men in All India Services. They capture most of the merit in univeristy and other exams and have proven that if they are provided with sufficient opportunities and resources then they can show some serious talents. Even our Prime Minister was a women and she had been in office for a long time. Our current president is also a women Mrs 'Pratibha Patil'. One of the most famous female names of India i.e. 'Sonia Gandhi' has proved her talent and power at the global level and she is one of the members of the list of 'Most Powerful women of the World'.
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But women have still to face several problems in our society. The dowry system makes a woman's life miserable. Though this kind of practice is diminished to a great extent but still some work is required on this prospect. The problem of child marriage is now almost solved. Divorce is now made easy, so that a women should not suffer at the hands of devilish men. Marriages of widows are now more popular and more acceptable in our society than ever before today. Women are given respect in society, they get facilities for education and jobs.
It is for the first time in the history of our country that women have been given equal voting rights with men. It clearly means that women will now take active part in external and outside affairs also. Their voice will now be as forceful and important as that of men. No politician or leader can now afford or neglect or oppose their rights. They are becoming equal parteners in the making, or the dismissing of a government.
Our constitution has given equal rights to women. No distinction has been made on the basis of religion, caste or sex. Plans have already been framed for the reservation of seats for women in State Assemblies, Parliament and the Upper House. Plenty of government as well as private NGO's are working for the upliftment and development of the status of women in rural areas of India too. These organizations works actively for women and they look after the issues like employment, education, rights, and maintaining honor and dignity of women.
Apart from this, India girls have bagged plenty of beauty crowns at international level. Models and actresses like Sushmita Sen, Aishwarya Rai, Priyanka Chopra, Lara Dutta etc. Have won many beauty titles at international and national level. These titles includes the name of prestigious 'Miss Universe' and 'Miss World' titles.
We celebrated 1975 as the International Women's Year. Women's Day is also celebrated with ful joy and respect towards the dignity and honor of the status of women in India. But women should not misuse this freedom and position. They must know their rights and duties. They must also not forget their duties and responsibilities towards their family, society and nation. If this is done successfully along with the exponentially rising women development, then surely our society can be happy and prosperous and the nation and the world happier.