The Boundless Conflicts
In morning, in the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, representatives of Germany, France and Britain met in the Compiègne Wagon at the forest of Compiègne. The Allied representatives sat on one side of the table while the German representatives stood near the other side. The armistice was signed; the Great War with Germany was over. Bells around Paris rang and the crowds echoed with, “Vive la France!” Hostilities ceased, German troops withdrew behind their own borders, the prisoners were exchanged, and promises of reparations and the disposition of German warships and submarines were made. Newspapers came with blaring headlines. Germany had lost and the allies gained victory over the dismal country. In short, the armistice and the Treaty of Versailles were carried out successfully; Germany had justice. But even so, after twenty-one years, Germany rearmed and war sparked up again. There were fighting and conquests all over again. There were again all the killings and deaths. The war had started again. To conclude, conflicts cannot be stopped even with armistices and peace treaties. Peace talks account for nothing. Wars do happen. They may happen once in a century if not in a decade or fifty years.
Wars are happening since history. There was the Greco-Persian war around 491 BC. And there was the Roman-Sasanian war in 421 BC. Also, there were the Roman-Persian wars too. Also, there was too the Hundred Years’ War, the Thirteen Years’ War and Eighty Years’ War. And then there were the English Civil Wars in the 17th century. There was the American and also the French revolution. There were the Napoleonic wars too. The World War One and the World War Two were fought the next century. And soon, there happened the Korean and the Vietnam wars. And then there was the Gulf War. And then in the present century, the Syrian civil war is still going on and tensions have risen between countries.
Conflicts happen because of reasons which are usually most of the time same. There are always tensions between countries if not amongst provinces or citizens. Wars are fought whether they are right or wrong. Armies are built, trained and equipped. The soldiers fight, kill, die, take-over, surrender and retreat. Large sums of money are spent on armies for victory and success. Victory is a goal for the army and a celebration of a country regardless of how many have been killed and how much have been destroyed. But a thing to note is that war whether big or small starts with a reason and the reasons for war, as told before, are mostly the same.
Power is one of the reasons. In Europe, Germany grew in power in both the World Wars and thus challenged Britain which was its match. Moreover, since the World War Two, power balanced between Russia and the U.S.A. and both the countries jousted for power. The Cold War was fought and alliances, N.A.T.O. and the Warsaw Pact, were built. Meanwhile, China grew in power and soon was a little way behind the two superpowers. Also, many other states soon became the possessors of nuclear weapons and grew in power too. Countries still fear a nuclear attack from the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. In addition to this, the weaker nations fear the stronger nations which can attack and gain victory over them.
The dispute over territory or the hunger for rich lands is another cause for the conflicts. Countries always want more land. They always want more territory like Germany who fought the World War Two because it wanted the breadbasket lands of Eastern Europe. Pakistan and India fought against one another over Kashmir. Israel fought with the Arabs nation to gain Palestinian lands. Moreover, there are further disputes on territories such as Crimea, the Korean peninsula, Arunachal Pradesh, the Rockall Island and even on high peaks near Mont Blanc.
The formation of nations within nations is another cause of wars. The American Civil War was fought in 1861 by the United States of America against the Confederate States of America. Eleven Confederate states supporting slavery fought against the United States opposing slavery. Moreover, Bangladesh fought with Pakistan because of the increasing nationalism amongst Bengals. In the present day, a forty-five percent of Scotland’s population supports independence. The number may increase and a war may erupt if independence rights are not given to the majority. Civil wars badly break up nations into pieces. Citizens split and new nations are formed.
War is also against terror. Terror groups fight against particular countries or people and many times gain success through guerilla warfare. Countries fight using their army against the groups. Such example of this is in Iraq and Syria where Daesh is capturing the countries’ territories. Terrorism weakens countries bit by bit making them war-torn and dangerous for people to live in.
Conflicts are also between members of different religions or factions of religion. The crusades were fought over Jerusalem in medieval times. Furthermore, religious factions like the Catholic and Protestant powers used to fight against each other and jousted for power in the olden times.
There have always been efforts to bind all the wars and the conflicts and to relieve the tensions. However, most of the efforts proved useless and unsuccessful. There have been armistices, but what the use of an armistice is when it further weakens a country and powers another, thus building an atmosphere of war. There have also been peace treaties, but what the use of peace treaties is when there is always disagreement. Leaders, particularly arrogant ones, do not listen and have their own way. They also do not even care about all the damage they are causing through wars. There have also been peace talks, but what the use of peace talks is when they are nothing more than unimportant talking shops. The world has realized this. Recently, The United States, China, Pakistan and other nuclear weapons possessors refused to attend U.N. talks on nuclear weapon ban. To conclude, all these peacemaking efforts are doomed failures.
In conclusion, a peaceful world is not possible even through peacemaking processes. The only way to stop war is to divide the whole world between countries. But this is not possible and never could ever be. So in order for world peace, citizens should elect or support leaders who support peace. In case of a war between two countries, the country doing wrong or oppressing a country should be opposed. If it is a war which is just a normal wrongful conflict such as a political tension, countries should choose to stay neutral rather than supporting a country or a group in order to build allies. Wars are difficult to avoid but acting sanely can do much to reduce their negative consequences.