ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Confederate Flag as a Bi-Racial Symbol

Updated on March 14, 2013

The Confederate Flag

The Confederate Flag is also referred to as the “Southern Cross” which was the official flag of the 13 states of the south who wished to secede from the Union or the United States of America. The “Southern Cross” was the official banner of the Southern Confederacy from 1861 until the Civil War ended in 1865.

Immediately following the surrender of Fort Sumter by the Union, the “Stars and Stripes” flying over Fort Sumter was shot at until it disintegrated. It was replaced by the “Stars and Bars” flag. The “Stars and Bars” had two red stripes separating a white stripe and a blue square in the corner with a circle of stars. The “Stars and Bars” was the flag of the Southern Confederacy at this time.

Soon after the surrender of Fort Sumter, a forty foot “Stars and Bars” flag was erected in front of the Marshall Hotel which was in Virginia but was visible from the US Capitol in Washington DC. It was confirmed that this hotel was actually leased by a southern innkeeper named James Jackson because the Marshall Hotel faced the nation’s capitol. James Jackson erected a tall flagpole and flew the 40 foot flag and announced that he would die before he would surrender the flag. Colonel Elmer Ellsworth reportedly assured Mary Todd Lincoln he would remove the flag himself. There are various accounts of details. The one indisputable detail is that James Jackson and Colonel Elmer Ellsworth died in the gun battle over the removal of this flag.

· The confederate flag became notorious at this incident and the negotiations that created the “Southern Cross” from the “Stars and Bars are quite interesting. Initially, the cross had a more Christian appearance and appeared as a Christian cross in the upper right corner of the flag. The cross was circled by stars representing the southern states and the background was white. It was argued that the bible was the best means of establishing slavery’s basic legitimacy. Southerners charged that the abolitionists were abandoning God’s word and ignoring that slavery had been a sanctioned institution both in ancient Israel and early Christian Rome. The most effective argument against the upright Christian cross on the flag was from a Jewish business man named; “Charles Moise.” Charles Moise argued: “The flag of a country ought certainly to be regarded with affection and reverence by all classes of people composing the nation.” At this time there were about 25,000 Jews living in the Confederacy. It is also interesting to note that the slave states in 1860 did not boast a larger church going population than any other region in the U.S.

Following Mr. Moise’s argument, the confederate flag became square in shape with white diagonal stripes from corner to corner. Inside the stripes were blue stripes with a total of 13 gold stars, a star in the middle and six stars on each blue stripe.

There was not much more controversy surrounding the “Southern Cross” until the passage of the “Fair Housing Act” in 1974 which followed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. More recently, a controversy arose when the first African American Cheerleader for the University of Mississippi refused to wave the Southern Cross as part of her cheerleading responsibilities in 1990.

A new effort includes using the confederate flag as a “bi-racial symbol. A clothing company called “Nu-South” which features the Southern Cross in the colors of the African National Liberation on its labels and some of its clothing line. The designer of this logo says: “The South is our Ellis Island; that’s how we came into this country.” The designer also says: “We will take the opposition’s worst image and wear it with pride.” Nu-South founders add: “by wearing the flag, you look at it, you pronounce it, taste it, chew it, and digest it. You embrace it and make it mean something else.”


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Anne Pettit profile imageAUTHOR

      Anne Pettit 

      22 months ago from North Carolina


      What a wonderful thing to hear from you after all of this time. My family has undergone changes. When I am immersed in the changes, I cannot write about them.

      I must say that your comment reminds me how much I enjoy writing and the way it helps me.


    • jo miller profile image

      Jo Miller 

      22 months ago from Tennessee

      Hi, Anne. I'm trying to reacquaint myself with some folks I'm following here to see who is still around and writing. That's how I came across this article of yours. Enjoyed reading about the history of this notorious flag. It has even more significance in today's political setting. Confederate flags have proliferated since the rise of Donald Trump's candidacy in my part of the South. Ugh.

      Hope you and your family are still doing well. I enjoyed reading about your family. And I hope you are still writing.

    • ithabise profile image

      Michael S. 

      6 years ago from Winston-Salem, NC

      Thanks so much for the insight. Very interesting!

    • profile image

      Charles Hilton 

      6 years ago

      And I am so all for that! :P lol

    • Anne Pettit profile imageAUTHOR

      Anne Pettit 

      6 years ago from North Carolina

      I think I did it mostly because the confederate flag is flown so righteously by certain southerners, I wanted to make them flinch a bit.

    • profile image

      Charles Hilton 

      6 years ago

      I understand the point of changing the colors of the existing confederate flag, but, why use the Southern Cross at all?

      Yes, the South was their Ellis Island, but, then again, the same can be said of the U.S. And I would much rather adopt and modify the flag of my reluctant liberators than that of my former zealous enslavers.

      Besides, the bi-racial Southern Cross, with green stars and all: ass-ugly! lol

      Another great hub!

    • Anne Pettit profile imageAUTHOR

      Anne Pettit 

      7 years ago from North Carolina

      Thankyou for reading my hub and for the vote of confidence. Its great to get something positive when the issue is a good one, but maybe not so popular.

    • crystolite profile image


      7 years ago from Houston TX

      Nice hub,thanks


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)