ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Cult of Mao Tse-tung

Updated on October 25, 2010

Father of the Peoples Republic of China

 From a strategic and tactical standpoint Mao patterned his use of asymmetric warfare after the great Sun-tzu. Mao recognized that if he were to lead his upstart Red Army over the well armed and trained Japanese Imperialist Army, he would need to adopt not only unconventional tactics but also create a mindset within his troops that would will his army of peasants to victory over their oppressors. Mao is considered the “father” of modern guerrilla warfare.

Mao’s operational procedures included “emphasizing that guerrilla operations must be combined in conjunction with conventional warfare tactics.” (1) This progressive approach to warfare included the creation of strategy “based primarily on alertness, mobility, and attack. It must be adjusted to the enemy situation, the terrain, the existing lines of communication, the relative strengths, the weather and the situation of the people.” (2) Ultimately Mao’s tactics were very simple:"The enemy advances, we retreat, the enemy camps, we harass, the enemy tires, we attack, the enemy retreats, we pursue." (3) His tactics may have been simplistic, however they were effective, and evened the odds as China fought for its independence from Japan.

Moving forward, Mao Tse-tung strengthened his “cult of personality” effect on the poor people of China via addressing the “needs” of the peasants of China. Mao Tse-tung manipulated China’s poverty stricken by instilling a false sense of compassion and concerned, that could be described as the “calm before the storm” in Mao’s 27 reign of power in China. As the architect of Communist China, Mao created the "Six Principles of the Red Army" which included; Put back all doors when you leave a house, Rice-stalk mattresses must all be bundled up again and returned, Be polite, Help people when you can, Give back everything you borrow, even if it’s only a needle, Pay for all things broken, even if only a chopstick. Don’t help yourself or search for things when people are not in their houses.” (4) Mao endeared himself to the “common people” of China with such fundamental, practical principles to live by. However during the subsequent years that followed the expulsion of the Japanese, and defeat of Chang Kai-Skek’s Nationalist Movement, it appeared that the true nature of Mao Tse-tung surfaced. Thus the turbulent years of Mao’s Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution.

It would appear that Mao Tse-tung may have shared a common trait with his nemesis Chang Kai-Shek; both leaders quite simply expected more than what the human beings that they were leading was capable of delivering. However in the case of Mao; if you failed him and or opposed you could face imprisonment or execution. Therefore his so called “Great Leap Forward” began to lose traction in 1959. (5)

As for Mao’s “Cultural Revolution” he “deliberately set out to create a cult for himself and to purge the Chinese Communist Party of anyone who did not fully support Mao. His main selling point was a desire to create a China which had peasants, workers and educated people working together – no-one was better than anyone else and all working for the good of China – a classless society.” (6) Again a classless society proved to be an unrealistic concept for Mao to achieve, however after removing all who opposed him Mao Tse-tung found no need to continue his three year “Cultural Revolution” and ruled China until his death in 1976 at the age of 83. (7)

In closing Mao Tse-tung’s legacy in China lives on when viewing his accomplishments from a modern day Peoples Republic of China’s perspective; Mao was the leader who vanquished their long time Asian nemesis imperialistic Japan from their homeland, and humiliated and exiled Chang Kai-Shek and Western influenced Nationalist Movement to Taiwan. Today the Peoples Republic of China is a powerful Communist nation and Mao Tse-tung is their “founding father” and thus he is revered.

References:
(1)http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/works/1937/guerrilla-warfare/
(2) Maoist Documentation Project (2000); Mao Tse-tung Reference Archive (marxists.org) 2000
(3)http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/china_red_army.htm

(4)http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/china_red_army.htm

(5)http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/great_leap_forward.htm

(6)http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/cultural_revolution.htm

(7) www.carpenoctem.tv/military/mao.html

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • conradofontanilla profile image

      conradofontanilla 

      5 years ago from Philippines

      No one class is allowed to oppress others unlike in some countries.

    • Kevin Fenning profile imageAUTHOR

      Kevin Fenning 

      7 years ago from Philadelphia PA

      Hi Wayne,

      Thank you for taking the time to read my work, and your feedback!

    • profile image

      Wayne 

      7 years ago

      That's is a fair article. I don't agree with all of it, but you have captured a fair amount of truth there. Thank you!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)