ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Basic Fundamentals of American Conservatism and Liberalism

Updated on December 4, 2017

Apart from the current issues that Democrats and Republicans debate over; social programs, Health care, tax policies, gun control, Planned Parenthood, etc. The root of their beliefs congregates from a very fundamental core on how to govern a country. Values which may seem revolutionary on the surface, yet, have been the building blocks of many societies throughout history. Denoting the perception that either side is right or wrong, we’ll discuss the core value each party feels is the proper way to run the representative-democracy we know today as the United States of America. What essentially sets these two parties apart is how they perceive the country should distribute power, both of which differ from the classical sense of Conservatism and Liberalism slightly, yet still share values with the origins of their ideologies. Reiterating that neither one is necessarily wrong, both have strong moral convictions which are based in truth, and deciding which party to support is merely a matter of personal opinion that each man and woman of this great country has the right to endorse if their convictions lead them to.

Conservatives- This side of the spectrum believes in smaller federal government and more power to the states or major cities, trusting in communities rather than a single entity(the government), ultimately because they believe that power corrupts especially if one individual or group is holding all the cards. Coining the term “Traditional Westernism” this principle is based on the governing structure of the ancient Greek city-states, and in a more relevant sense, based on the Medieval Feudal System in which the power of a king is spread out among barons, earls, dukes and people of the like who owned land within the kingdom, supporting their sovereign based on cultural and security means. The current idea of conservatism argues against the centralization of the power of a state, from both a defensive view and a view that “lacks faith towards a ruling regime.”

  • Defensive in that conservatives suggest that if an all powerful government was to fall or become tyrannical, America’s first line of defense would be gone, leaving the rest of the country easily susceptible to either a foreign invader or the tyrannical regime.
  • They “Lack faith towards a ruling regime” in that it’s reasonable to believe, that if no other entity within the government can contest with the powers to be, then those in power couldn’t be held accountable for their actions and would more likely abuse their authority.

Liberals- This side believes that all people are inherently greedy and bound to seek advantage for themselves because people are motivated by self-interests, and to combat the status quo that is in place, we need strong institutions that seek to give everyone a chance to succeed. Though both sides argue their support for the working class, it’s the tenets of liberalism that seeks to always give the individual a voice, questioning constantly whether a law increases or decreases the freedom of the individual. It’s this idea that tends to act more progressive as it regularly aims to infuse all types of people into the political system, trying to incorporate all races, religions, genders or those who lack a gender, as long as the individual is a citizen of the country. Perhaps deriving its belief in the individual’s right to participate in politics from the Athenian democratic experiment, which understood the importance of checks and balances but sought to give all citizens the right to debate and vote individually, we can assume that liberals uphold that citizens regardless of their plot in life are social/political animals whose opinion are considered an asset to a state. This isn’t to say Conservatism doesn’t value the individual’s voice, rather the concept of “Traditional Westernism” inherently creates classes in society, from which conservatives feel an individuals can rise to facilitate based on their knowledge and participation within the community. But as liberals understand that people are inherently imperfect to failures and susceptible to such facets as, greed, racism, and blatant hate which arise from personal biases’, they feel that if an institution is set with a positive moral compass devoid of these human failures that people are less likely to be abused by an unjust system.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Derek George profile imageAUTHOR

      Derek George 

      2 years ago from San Diego

      Thank you HSchneider, it's always great to receive positive feedback.

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      2 years ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      Very interesting overview of these 2 current political classifications. Of course, there are also many variations between these 2. Excellent Hub, Derek.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)