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The General Election: Deciding for Whom to Vote

Updated on October 17, 2017

A process for deciding what political candidates to vote for in the General Election

The November election is less than a month away, and Democrats and Republicans are locked in a battle for the same offices. In the past, candidates could be chosen on the basis of their personal characteristics, their preparation for the job, and their stated commitments on political issues; but, since Trump’s election, the election of a candidate is tantamount to the election of a political party. Therefore, what matters now is the political party to which the candidate belong or the political philosophy to which they adhere. For instance, in local, state, and national governments, practically everything is decided on the basis of party affiliation; and if one elected official fails to support the party, he or she faces threats and assaults from their party. Hence, you can no longer vote for candidates alone; you must vote for party-candidates.

In order to make an informed decision in this regard, you must become familiar with party philosophy and stances on political issues.

Political Philosophies

It is interesting to note that the two parties cling to opposing philosophies. Democrats follow what may be called “progressive/liberal” viewpoints, while Republicans follow conservative ideas. In order to make an informed decision on for whom to vote, the first step is to understand these two philosophies in light of the two parties.

First, Democrats follow progressive/liberal philosophy. A note here: The term progressive/liberal is used here because most of us Democrats rather use the term progressive instead of liberal, but historic Democratic philosophy remains the same, with few exceptions. The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy says Democrat philosophy “is guided by a commitment to equality, promoting the widest range of social, economic, and political opportunities for all citizens, and the belief that federal government is the best tool for reaching those goals.” That is perhaps the best statement you can find about Democratic beliefs—and it needs no further elucidation.

Second, Republicans adhere to conservative philosophy and are committed “to individualism and free enterprise,” and they “generally believe that economic, social and political stability can best be achieved with a minimum of federal intervention,” states The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy.

Hopefully these brief statements are sufficient for your understanding of the two philosophies and for helping you to clarify your own political views and values.


The next step in this decision-making process will help you to understand the political issues that face the nation and the world—and, indeed, face all of us—and to understand which ones each party supports and opposes. The issues discussed here are basically categorical.

Economy. Economy deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods, and with services and management. Consequently, it includes a number on issues. Among them, but not limited to, are jobs, tax reform, unions, and wages.

Jobs. Both Democrats and Republicans support creation of jobs, but they differ on what and how they are created. More specifically, Democrats support “expanding roads and bridges, public transit, airports, passenger and freight rail lines, and high-speed broadband networks,” their 2016 Platform says. They also support creating “clean-energy jobs, and investing in science, in education, and in technology.” According to their 2016 Platform, Republicans support investments in infrastructure, but they insist on “public-private partnerships.” Moreover, they support creating jobs in coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, and hydropower, with limited regulations.

Tax reform. Democrats generally support raising taxes on the wealthy, and Republicans generally advocate cutting taxes on everything and everybody. More precisely, Democrats support tax reform in which “wealthiest Americans and largest corporations pay their fair share of taxes” and in which tax breaks are rolled back on “companies that ship jobs overseas,” in which tax breaks are “eliminated on big oil and gas companies,” and in which ‘inversions and other methods companies use to dodge their tax responsibilities” tightened, according to their Platform. Republicans propose cutting the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 20 percent, capping the rate for small business at 25 percent, and setting individual tax rates at 35 percent, 25 percent, and 12 percent, according to their Platform.

Unions. Democrats generally support organized labor. They are committed “to making it easier for workers in the public and private sector to exercise their right to organize and join unions,” and will continue to oppose laws that “eliminate” the dues-check-off procedures, roll back “prevailing wage standards, abolish fair share requirement, restrict the use of protections, and require annual recertification efforts,” stated their platform. “We will oppose legislation and lawsuits that would strike down laws protecting the rights of teachers and other public employees.” Republicans, on the other hand, support what is called “Right-to-Work laws,” which they say will “protect the economic liberty of the modern workforce.” All workers, including union workers, they believe, “should be free to accept raises and rewards without veto power of officials.”

Wages. Democrats support raising the minimum wage. They “believe the minimum wage is a starvation wage and must be increased to a living wage,” states their Platform. “We must raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour over time.” Republicans oppose increasing the minimum wage, believing it limits employment and “is an issue that should be handled at the state and local level,” says their Platform.

Entitlements. The issue of entitlements includes such programs as health care, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Social Security, Medicare/Medicaid, and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). I will give a brief snapshot here.

Health care. Democrats support the Affordable Care Act (ACA), also known as “Obamacare,” but they admit the need for changes. Some, however, are leaning toward universal health care. Republicans, although they have run into a roadblock at the present time, still support “repealing and replacing” the ACA. The President recently issued an executive order that takes away subsidies that help the poor to purchase insurance, affectively driving the ACA out of business. It is interesting to note that an August 4 Gallup poll found that the majority of Americans (55 percent) approve of the ACA, of which 47 percent are Democrats; 44 percent, Independents; and 29 percent, Republicans. This may help you in your decision.

SNAP, also known as the “Food Stamp” program. Democrats support the program and continue to fight to protect it. Republicans often seek to cut funds from the program. To help you make a decision on parties, here are some facts you may need to know: First, recipients include Whites (8.8 million), African Americans (5.7 million), and Hispanics (2.5 million). Second, over half of the recipients are children (19.9 million). And third, the President proposes to cut $193 million from the program over the next decade, according to the Quartz Daily Brief. These facts should be helpful in terms of clarifying your values and needs.

Social Security. Democrats say they “will fight every effort to cut, privatize, or weaken Social Security, including attempts to raise the retirement age, to diminish benefits by cutting cost-of-living adjustments, or to reduce benefits,” reported Mark Miller of Reuters. Republicans, in their Platform, support what they call “a modernize system of retirement security.” That system includes “the many reforms being proposed.” They further say “all options should be considered to preserve Social Security,” and “tax increases to shore up the program” will be opposed.

Medicare/Medicaid. Democrats generally support both. They believe the goals of the programs are better achieved by the Federal Government, not by the States. Republicans, however, have generally opposed the programs, but now they propose reform, which includes “not imposing changes on persons 55 and older,” but changes on those below 55. It includes transitioning to, what they call, a “premium-support model that guarantees enrollees an income-adjusted contribution toward a plan of their choice, with catastrophic protection,” and sending block-grants to States to use without strings attached.

TANF, also known as “Welfare.” Democrats have always supported TANF. Republicans, however, have never looked favorably on any entitlements. Recently, some Republicans State lawmakers have proposed drug-testing poor people who are recipients of TANF.

Others issues. Listed below are many other issues, which, due to space, cannot be addressed. Look at each of them, using the Democrat and Republican 2016 Platforms posted on their websites, and then decide whether the Democratic stances or the Republican positions match your economic needs and your values. A note of caution here: Be careful that you do not ignore your personal needs and vote for a candidate based on your concern for social and religious values. On social and religious issues, the genie is already out of the bottle and perhaps cannot be put back. For instance, according to a Reuters’ poll, 58 percent of Americans say transgender persons should be allowed to serve in the military, a Gallup poll found that 64 percent say same-sex marriage should be recognized by law, and a Quinnipiac University poll said 89 percent say it should be illegal for employers to discriminate against their employees. Ask yourself if you are willing to sacrifice your economic welfare for religious or moral values that perhaps cannot be stopped.

Decision Time

The final step is to make your decision, which includes clarifying your political values. Ask yourself what issues are important to you? And what is the degree to which they are important? This will determine whether you are Democrat or Republican. For instance, if you consider the Democratic responses to the issues, in most cases, are of upmost importance to you and your welfare, you will decide to vote for Democratic Party candidates. The same is true with Republican responses to the issues.

In conclusion, if you follow the steps listed here, you will decide to vote in harmony with your economic needs and personal values rather than vote for a candidate based on their nuanced stances on the issues, or on their qualifications and personal characteristics.

Is this the best way to vote? Certainly not! But given the hyper-partisan situation in politics these days, there can hardly be another way.


Others Issues

National Security

  1. Defense
  2. Military Spending
  3. Foreign Policy



Global Warming/Climate Change

Gun Control


  1. DOCA
  2. Border Wall
  3. Immigration policy
  4. Sanctuary cities

Human Rights:

  1. LGBT rights
  2. Same-sex marriage
  3. Trans-genders in the military
  4. Gender equality


  1. Police brutality
  2. Supreme Court justices
  3. Voter ID Laws

© 2017 Lawrence L Beale


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    • Lawrence L Beale profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence L Beale 

      16 months ago

      Thank you sir. I understand that.

    • Ken Burgess profile image

      Ken Burgess 

      16 months ago from Florida

      Mr. Beale,

      That works for local, state level politics... those politicians are more easily held accountable at that level.

      I would suggest doing more research on how politics truly transpire in D.C. and take note, that there are politicians on both sides of the aisle that vote constantly against the best interests of America, and the National/economical interests of us all.

      There are some good men and women in D.C. ...but almost to a one, there is not a decent one among the lot that have been there for 20 years or longer. R or D... they don't serve the people's interests.

      Currently it is the biggest flaw, hardship, criminally conspiratorial matter in our system today, the inability to remove the corrupt from Congress. No term limits and almost no ability to wake up enough of the voters in certain states.

      That is largely the result of people who 'just vote Democrat' or 'just vote Republican' without even knowing who it is they are voting for, or why.

    • Lawrence L Beale profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence L Beale 

      16 months ago

      Thanks for your kind comments. I have discovered that whatever a candidate (Democrat or Republican) says, when he or she gets elected, he or she votes on party positions must of the time. For instance, here in Virginia, Ed Gillespie tries to stay from President Trump, but if he gets elected Governor, he will bring the Trump agenda to Virginia.

      Furthermore, Trump himself is not a real conservative, but practically everything he does is in line with his party.

      So when my friends call and ask me for whom to vote, I tell to vote Democratic. That way, they don't have to try to remember names.

    • Tim Truzy info4u profile image

      Tim Truzy 

      16 months ago from U.S.A.

      Ken, well stated. Lawrence, well researched. Lobbyists are running much of the national agenda, but local influences still impact politics.

      Guys, I used to write a political column here in my area, and after three years, I discovered, to my dismay, everybody sounded about the same when you spoke to them privately. If I had a dime each time a state senator or congressman asked me to keep it off the record. Well, maybe I would be one of those lobbyists. Instead, I found Hub Pages much more rewarding.

    • Lawrence L Beale profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence L Beale 

      16 months ago

      I think party politics is alive and well.

    • Ken Burgess profile image

      Ken Burgess 

      16 months ago from Florida

      I wish it were so, a well written piece that explains the 'textbook' view on the political parties.

      Unfortunately it isn't so. We have seen clearly throughout the last 30 years that politics at the National level has become a institute that no longer sticks to political parties... but rather the most powerful lobbyists and campaign donors have made the two party system non-functional.

      We see time and again, how long tenured politicians cross the isle on major matters which continue to cripple and harm Americans and America's interests.

      Whether we are talking about NAFTA, the repeal of Glass Steagall, or more recently the ACA and TPP, we see that Congress answers to the interests of the corporations, international bankers, and most powerful lobbyists.

      Doesn't matter whether the Republicans have the numbers (the ACA hasn't been repealed or replaced because the Insurance Industry, Big Pharma, etc. are raking in the billions through the tax funded ACA) or the Democrats...

      Doesn't matter whether it is Clinton or Bush or Obama...

      Party doesn't matter anymore, except for the trivial, and the cultural issues like who can use what bathroom, where they beat the issue like a dead horse to get voters focused on that, rather than why we have had stagnant wages, worsening health care costs, and rising taxes.

      That's why we end up with Trump as President, because more and more people are fed up, and have caught on to the fact that it doesn't matter whether they put Republicans in or Democrats, our economic decline and the destruction of the middle class and upward mobility for our children continues as if no change in politicians or the party in power has occurred at all.


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