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The Israeli-Palestinian conflict
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict
The ongoing struggle between Palestine and Israel has its roots in the mid 20th century. This struggle, which is wide in nature, is the cause of the ongoing conflict between the two parties. Despite the long and tenuous process of reconciliatory efforts by the neighbors of the two countries such as Jordan and Egypt, as well as other international bodies and nations, it has been hard for Palestinians, and Israelis to a achieve a cease fire out of the disagreements. The main issues in these regular conflicts include the borders, mutual recognition, rights of water bodies and sources, the settlement of Israelites, control of Jerusalem, freedom of movement for the Palestinians, and imprisonment of Palestinians in Israel territories. Consisted conflicts in this region that attracts religious and cultural interests around the globe have been the focus of many international peace bodies. There have been many international conferences in this region, which have tried to resolve the contested issues. These issues include human rights, security and historical rights among the Israelites and Palestinians. These and other issues have negatively hampered tourism and overall access especially to areas that are contested by the two parties.
The trouble between the Israelites and Palestinians typically started in 1948 when Israel was separated from Palestine. As an attempt to intervene and protect the welfare of the Palestinians, the Arab League marched their forces into the former British Palestine and this led to an escalation of war between the Israelites and Arabs in 1948. A cease-fire was reached in 1949 after more than 15000 causalities were reported from the war, resulting into Israel holding most of the former Mandate territory, Jordan occupying the West Bank and Gaza strip being under the custody of Egypt. The Insurgency of the Palestinians intensified in early 1970 with regular attacks on Northern Israel as well as air jack campaigns. Israel was also quick to retaliate in most of these attacks. The acrimony between the two states has been the source of the seemingly unending conflicts between them.
Why the Israel Palestinian Conflict has not been Resolved
One of the key barriers in rekindling the Palestinian-Israel conflict has been a growing and deep-set distrust between the two states. The rhetorical nature of the hard-lined political factions and the unilateral strategies, coupled with the incitement and violence of both politicians and civilians against one another have only facilitated mutual hostility, embitterment and loss of trust in the whole peace deal process. For example, the Palestinians considerably support Hamas and that these supporters have advocated for the destruction of Israel using violence. Security has, therefore, remained a major concern among the Israelites. The extension of the Israelites towards the West Bank has made many Palestinians to perceive Israel as not being dedicated to any peace agreement, but creating a permanent control in this region.
Another factor that has hindered peace resolution processes is the ignorance of important matters and issues by the negotiators. For example, a peace proposal presented to the warring parties in 2002 by the United States, United Nations, Russia and the European Union was expected to be a roadmap for resolving the conflicts. However, this plan failed to work since it did not try to resolve important questions pertaining to the fate of the Israel settlements nor the fate of Jerusalem, but left these matters for later negotiations. In fact, this proposal failed to make it right from the first phase, since the call of stopping the construction of the Israel settlements and violence between the two nations was never achieved.