The Preception of Being White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
In the Genes, Not Blood
“The heart has eyes which the brain knows nothing of” by Charles H. Perkhurst. There are many Americans that have the misconception that they are ‘white’. There are other Americans that are misinformed about skin tones of African-Americans/Blacks. White Supremacy groups who are seeking the ultimate “white race” are going to be surprised at what this really means. According to answers.com white supremacy is the conviction that components of the Caucasian race are better in all ways to other groups or races in the world. In the history of the United States, white supremacy survived as a resource of mitigating and safeguarding the nation as a white Christian country. The history of white supremacy is closely associated to the existence of slavery and the appearance, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, of the conjectures and classifications of groups and nations into races. In the United States the existence of slavery and its persistence and escalation in the South served as a tough basis for white supremacy. The significant immigration of the Irish and later of the eastern and Mediterranean Europeans finely tuned the conviction in the dominance of whiteness, defined as White Anglo-Saxon Protestant. Alas white men like Thomas Jefferson whose four surviving "natural" children by his mixed-race slave Sally Hemings were 7/8 European in ancestry and so they were legally white although they were born slaves. Three entered white society as adults, two married white persons, and all their descendants identified as white.
White Anglo-Saxon Protestant is normally abbreviated to the acronym WASP, not like the wasp a predatory, flying, stinging insect, with a stinger and membranous forewings and hind wings. The WASP is a sociological and cultural ethnic group created in the United States. The expression originated in orientation to White Americans of English, Irish, Welsh, and Scottish descent, which had Protestant religious affiliation. WASP at first referred to populace with histories in the upper class Northeastern institution, the powerful elite. Working class whites in the United States are usually not referred to as WASPs, even if they are of Protestants of Anglo-Saxon background. White supremacy groups from the south do not meet the WASP description. They are not Northeastern upper class powerful elite.
Out of Africa
The Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was one of the great deeds of investigation in history; an international study attempt to sequence and map all of the genes, collectively known as the genome, of our species - Homo sapiens. The HGP gave us the capability to read nature's entire genetic blueprint for construction a human being. Thanks to the genetics upheaval we know that there is no such thing as race. The Human Genome Project (HGP) determined indisputably there is the same amount of genetic distinction among persons within a so called racial group as there is between individuals in dissimilar racial groups. The conclusion is that there is no real genetic distinction involving blacks and whites. The only race is the human race.
Africa is called the motherland for a reason. According to both genetic and fossil verification, archaic Homo sapiens developed to anatomically modern humans solely in Africa, between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago. Members of one branch left Africa by 60,000 years ago and eventually replaced previous human populations such as Neanderthals and Homo erectus. Humans adapt to their environment along with all other life forms. The theory is known generally as the (Recent) Out-of-Africa model, and academically as the recent single-origin hypothesis (RSOH), Replacement Hypothesis or Recent African Origin (RAO) model. Changes in climate are thought to clarify mankind’s exodus from Africa to colonize other parts of the world. A change from drought to damper environment led to a populace growth and the expansion of early humans to other continents about 70,000 years ago. We are all Black. White people are adaptations of Black people that evolved during the past 140,000 years. According to the Science Daily article researchers produced new DNA verification that positively proves the assumption that all modern humans have a common ancestry.
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
Skin tones developed from dark to light. Darker skin tones are a protection from UV radiation and toxic levels of Vitamin D for people living at lower latitudes. As the migration to higher latitudes occurred, there was less need to protect against UV radiation. The compromise clarification for the evolution of light hair is related to the requirement for Vitamin D synthesis and northern Europe's seasonal deficiency of sunlight. Lighter skin is due to a low concentration in pigmentation, thus allowing more sunlight to trigger the production of Vitamin D. As defined by wikipedia natural selection is the method by which heritable traits make it more likely for a human being to endure and effectively reproduce become more frequent in a population over consecutive generations. It is a key mechanism of evolution. The natural genetic deviation within a population means that some persons will continue to exist and replicate more productively than others in their current environment. On the other hand, genetic drift is one of several evolutionary developments which lead to alteration in allele frequencies after a while. It may cause gene variants to disappear completely, and thereby reduce genetic variability. In 1968 Motoo Kimura rekindled the debate with his neutral theory of molecular evolution which claims that most of the changes in the genetic material are caused by genetic drift.
Population genetics studies the diverse factors that might lead to alteration in the allocation and regularities of alleles - in other words, to evolution. The factors include selection, genetic drift, mutation and migration. White people are a mutation. Mutations can be caused by copying errors in the genetic material during cell division, by degrees in exposure to UV, chemical mutagens, or viruses.
Mutations that are evolutionarily beneficial survive. Northern European noses that are long moisten and warm the air before it reaches lungs. The short noses noted in Africa remain because the air is already moist and warm. The Asian's eyelid folds protect their eyes against dry sandy desert winds and wind driven snow. The long hair of people in colder climates helps to keep the neck warm. All these varied physical features support the proliferation of diverse groups.
According to Wikipedia, latest genetic studies carried out at three Japanese universities, state the date of the genetic mutation that resulted in blonde hair in Europe has been isolated to about 11,000 years ago during the last ice age. Prior Europeans typically had black hair and eyes, which is principal in the rest of the world. It turns out that about one-third of White Americans have between two and twenty percent recent African genetic admixture, as measured by the ancestry-informative markers in their DNA. This comes to about 74 million White Americans. Black Americans ha.ve European admixture averaging about 75 percent African and 25 percent European. That sounds like a conservatived number. Black people come in a multitude of skin tones all the way to near white. Only very light skinned Blacks that admitted to being Black would be included.
White Women with Full Lip and Butts
Who Is Black?
How are white supremacy groups going to find those 74 million whites? There leader could be one or any member of the group or family members – aunt, uncle, cousin – the ones with the “olive skin”. What of all the mixing of the races during slavery when slaves were raped and produced off springs so pale, they passed for Caucasian. Black people with white/pink skin tone have been accepted as Caucasian, and married into white families. So many generations may have passed, that great-grandchildren or great-great grandchildren have no knowledge of Black relatives. These children continue to marry Caucasians and dilute the gene pool. There may be much more than the 74 million estimated. African-Americans people come in all skin tones, hair texture and body shape. Angelina Jolie is applauded for having full, thick lips; black women have always had full lips. The beauty trend now is for Caucasian women to get injections in their lips to make them full. Jennifer Lopez and Kim Kardashian are famous for their buttocks. Black women historically have been well rounded.
Are the children that “look” Caucasian white or Black? Remember only American Blacks are forced to go by the ‘one-drop rule.’ One drop of Black blood and you’re Black... The PBS article Who Is Black? One Nation’s Definitiondiscussed the arbitrary one drop of blood rule. Quoting the article that attempts to explain mixed blood people, “We must also pay attention to the terms "mulatto" and "colored." The term "mulatto" was originally used to mean the offspring of a "pure African Negro" and a "pure white." Although the root meaning of mulatto, in Spanish, is "hybrid," "mulatto" came to include the children of unions between whites and so-called "mixed Negroes.” Sounds more like breed animals than the reproduction of human beings. The article goes on to say, “The phenomenon known as "passing as white" is difficult to explain in other countries or to foreign students. Typical questions are: "Shouldn't Americans say that a person who is passing as white is white, or nearly all white, and has previously been passing as black?" or "To be consistent, shouldn't you say that someone who is one-eighth white is passing as black?" or "Why is there so much concern, since the so-called blacks who pass take so little negroid ancestry with them?" Those who ask such questions need to realize that "passing" is much more a social phenomenon than a biological one, reflecting the nation's unique definition of what makes a person black. The concept of "passing" rests on the one-drop rule and on folk beliefs about race and miscegenation, not on biological or historical fact.” The one drop rule, white supremacy augment shows deep ignorance since the races are groupings of human beings based on average differences in physical qualities that are transmitted by the genes - not by blood.
One Blond and One Brown Twin
The UK Daily Mail reported the birth of twin girls – one blond the other darker skin tone. Their parents are biracial. Reported by MSNBC last July 2008, twin boys were born to German couple, Ryan has light skin and blue eyes. His brother, Leo, is dark-skinned with brown eyes.
The blog reported other twins such as in 2006, Kerry Richardson, who is of Nigerian and English descent, and her partner, who is white, gave birth to twins who were both born light-skinned. As they got older, one got darker while the other got lighter.
Natasha Knight, of Australia, greeted a blue-eyed blond baby girl and her sister, who has brown hair, eyes and dark skin in 2006. Knight’s older daughter has blond hair, blue eyes and light olive skin. Knight is of Jamaican and English descent; the father is German. The notion that two brown eyed-people cannot have a blue-eyed child is proved incorrect.
The Internet and modern means of communication makes it seem that giving birth to one blond and one brown child is unusual. We have no way of knowing how many times such births have occurred in remote areas. As shades of people reproduce, this will happen unless the gene pool is completely diluted.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (2007, July 19). New Research Proves Single Origin Of Humans In Africa. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 10, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2007/07/070718140829.htm
Harvard Medical School (2009, January 2). Ancient African Exodus Mostly Involved Men, Geneticists Find. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/12/081221210201.htm
Public Library of Science (2009, June 7). Geography And History Shape Genetic Differences In Humans. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 10, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2009/06/090605091157.htm
University of Washington (2009, May 18). Genome-wide Insights Into Patterns Of The World's Human Population Structures. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2009/05/090514130631.htm
Washington University in St. Louis (2006, February 10). New Analysis Shows Three Human Migrations Out Of Africa. ScienceDaily. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2006/02/060209184558.htm
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Definition of One Drop Rule