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The Need of Democracy in Pakistan

Updated on June 3, 2019
Jibran Sameer profile image

The writer is a student of Political Science, and International Relations


Status of democracy in Pakistan

The wheel of democracy in Pakistan is pleasantly running successfully since the last one decade. It is ice on cake scenario for Pakistan that, the last two Democratic Government deliberately completed their respective terms. Despite certain ebb and flow, the ruling government of Muslim League (N) finalize its term in a worsen status quo.

Election of 2018 in Pakistan

Though, it was a formidable move when the Supreme Court of Pakistan disqualified an elected Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in Panama Case on 20th April 2017. However, the PML (N) government as a twist of fate came to an end deliberately and fresh elections were held on 25th July 2018. Despite allegation of engineering and rigging of the election, finally, the season of the election came to an end with huge shocks. An emerging Political Party PTI (Pakistan Tahrik Insaf) under the leadership of Imran Khan won the election of the National Assembly. Likewise, PTI secured a majority in the province of Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa, Punjab and formed a coalition Government in Baluchistan.


Introduction to Democracy

Democracy is a form of government, wherein citizens have abundant power to chose, and their choices are counted. Democracy is a government that propagates Liberty, Expression of Will and empowers people to elect rulers of the country. Since classical antiquity and modern era, democracy has been associated with the rule of majority and rule of the people, for a free selection or election either through direct election or through elected representatives of the people. Such empowerment gives rise to a sense of rights and obligations of the citizen and accountability of the rulers in their respective field. Thus, such a sense of responsibilities leads up a periphery country to a leading country of the globe.

Critiques of Democracy

Although, democracy had been criticized by several scholars of all time from a different perspective. For instance, Classical thinkers like Plato and Aristotle criticized democracy. Aristotle the father of Politics looking democracy a worse form of government. Allama Mohammad Iqbal, a leading Muslim scholar opposes democracy. He attributed democracy to a system of ignorance, wherein, "will of the people are counted but not weighted." Winston Churchill, former P.M of U.K aptly said: “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with an average voter”. James Bower another modern political thinker mocking election procedure in democracy and rebuked that, democracy means to ask "herd of cattle about their dinner."

Supporter of Democracy

Beside of erstwhile arguable critiques, an antique philosopher like Solon, an Athenian Statesman, Lawmaker, and Poet is credited for the development of Athenian Democracy. He is familiar for legislation against the economic, political and moral decline of archaic Athens. Despite Aristotle critics, he praised democracy for granting freedom of participation in State affairs. Social Contract theorist John Lock made a contribution to liberal democracy. His work “ the Two Treaties of Government” proclaimed the right to rule on the free consent of people. John J.S Mills a leading philosopher of the nineteenth century urged for universal suffrage to every segment of the community. Mikhail Gorbachev had been credited for his glasnost policy to transfer Single Party State to perestroika in the Soviet Union. Mansoor Akbar Kundi ( a former V.C of Gomal University), deems democracy bode well Political System of majority. He portrayed, "a silent democracy is well benefited contrary to a well-behaved dictatorship."

Status of democracy in Pakistan

Anyhow, the scope of Democracy in Pakistan could be discerned by comparing the status of participation and awareness of citizens in the last three general elections of 2008, 2013 and 2018. Importantly, the voter turn-out throughout the country in the general election of 2008 recorded as 44.1% that gladly hasten to 55.2% in the 2013 general election. The 2018 election was the most speculated and decisive general election of the history, but desperately it did not enumerate well enough turnout rate as speculated. But still, the turnout rate enhanced to 55.8% across the country. Turnout rate is a crucial predictor of representation and a significant indicator for the health of Democracy. Though, these are the changes, that Sir Kundi has predicted in a silent Democracy. According to Mohammad ElBaradei, a Nigerian novelist says, "Democracy is not an instant cup of tea, that could be prepared at any time." It means Democracy needs a span of time to stringent." Probably, the constant sequential of democracy in Pakistan would bear the fruits.


the United States, the most civilized and Liberal Democracy of the world adopted notions of Liberal Democracy since her independence in 1777. US nation faced certain domestic flux and reflux until the civil war of 1860_65. However, momentum to progress and development intensified with the era of happiness in the eve of the 19th century, that lead the US to sole power of the globe. Thus, the U.S took nearly two hundred years to strengthen. Delightedly, the successful transition of democratic governments in Pakistan would yield an excellent outcome in the future. Still, democracy is not stronger enough but it would get strengthen in the upcoming period of time.

Which type of Government is Optimal for Pakistan?

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© 2019 Faheem Sameer

Really, democracy counted will but not weighted?

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