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Why Wars are Waged?

Updated on August 8, 2016

Chimps at war

Source

In my opinion, there are three human needs as to why man wages war.

  • The need to protect or gain territory
  • The need for a higher spirit to justify the war
  • The need for spreading the gene pool

I used to believe that wars were fought for economic reasons. But after delving further into the subject, I now believe they are fought to either protect territory or gain new territory. Since the beginning of time, I think this is the reason human beings go to war. Prehistoric man defined boundaries by whatever means available. When others who were not like them crossed their boundaries, they would wage war. I believe that we are hard wired to protect our boundaries. Even our closest relative in the animal world, chimpanzees protect their territory from other chimps that are from other areas. They have been seen carrying tree limbs as weapons and using them to wage war on other clans that are not like them and live in other territories.

Constantine's Standard

Chi Rho
Chi Rho | Source

The Need for Spirit Justification

The other need humans have is to worship some type of higher spirt that they use to justify maintaining their territory or acquiring new territory. Throughout history man has waged war on others who were not like them to gain territory and mostly in the name of their God or Gods.

The Roman Emperor Constantine, while in battle and marching at midday, saw in the heavens a trophy of the cross arising from the light of the sun, carrying the message, “In Hoc Signo Vinces or "with this sign, you will conquer.” As the story goes, Constantine had a dream the following night, in which Christ appeared with the same heavenly sign, and told him to make a standard, for his army in the form of the Greek letters Chi (Χ) traversed by Rho(Ρ): ☧, a symbol representing the first two letters of the Greek spelling of the word Christos or Christ. Constantine won the battle and became the first Pope of the Holy Roman Empire. As we all know many more were to follow, most were good, some were bad.

Crusaders and Muslims

The Crusades

The Crusades were fought mainly between the Catholic Christians and the Muslims. The Christians traveled thousands of miles from European cities to Jerusalem to pay homage to Christ. Along the way, they were attacked by Muslims. Pope Urban II created a brilliant idea to motivate not only the Knights, but the entire Catholic population against the Muslims. He decreed that if one died in battle against the Muslims infidels that all of their sins would be forgiven and instead of going to hell for their sins, they would be granted immediate and everlasting entry into heaven. Does that sound similar to how radical Muslims believe today? Only, they are granted 72 virgins by some interpretations and translations of the Quran.

There were seven crusades that lasted almost two hundred years. Saladin was a Muslim leader who was able to unite the opposing factions of Sunni and Shia Muslims into one unified Jihad. While today those same factions are mortal enemies and still wage Jihad to gain and protect their territory.

During World War II, Hitler persecuted all religions because he wanted people to think he was God and his law was the rule of God. He also exterminated 6 million Jews and others to be able to populate the land with the “Superior Aryan Race.”

Spread the Gene Pool

The third need we have is to spread our genes. Almost every conquering force rapes pillages, and interbreeds with those who have been conquered. The Spanish Conquistadores that came to the New World, slaughtered the natives and interbred with them creating the South American and Mexican nations.

White slave owners interbred with the black slaves. Many South American people can trace their heritage from Mayan and Incan to not only Africa, but to Spain as well

When the Europeans came to America, they started acquiring land and waged war on the “Savage” Indians. They killed most of the Indian population in the name of Manifest Destiny and those that were not killed were put onto reservations. Others were interbred with the Europeans.

Have we changed that much?

Today, there is a three-way civil war in the mid-east, between the Sunni, Shia, and the Kurds. They all hate each other because of their very small difference in their religious beliefs. However, their real reason for waging war is to gain and protect their territory. When ISIS first came to the forefront, they tried to invade their enemies World War II style, where, they would start from one end of the country and control the battlefield and the land mass. But they were quickly denied that opportunity because we attacked them from the air. Then then changed their tactics to embed themselves with the civilian population making it much harder to rout them out, even with precision bombing from drones and airplanes.

When they conquer a city, they rape, pillage, and interbreed, just like man has done throughout history, all in the name of Mohammad and their interpretation of the Quran. The head of ISIS, Anwar, al Baghadi, calls himself a Caliph, just like the Ottoman Empire rulers before WWI. His goal is to conquer all of the mid-east and to rule it like a Caliph. I believe, they terrorize us because they don’t want us in their country trying to change them from being theocratic to democratic.

Men draw borders on maps. But the people of the mid-east pay allegiance to their religious sects, not the arbitrary borders drawn by foreign governments. There are still many tribal areas in the mid-east that don’t abide by the borders. When this planet is viewed from space, there are no borders, just land and sea mass.

The political parties and their constituents today are divided into two ideologies those that believe we should protect our borders and those that believe we should open our borders. Both are consistent with the needs of human nature, as I have indicated.

Minuteman Missile

Projectiles

Primitive man must have used rocks and spears as projectiles. Through the ages the technology for thrusting those projectiles has improved to the point where we can now destroy human kind a 100 times over. The only difference is hopefully, we and many other countries store those "rocks" only as a deterrent.

Air, Land, and Sea

Today major powers have defined their territories as not only land and sea but also as their air space. Violating a countries air space can be justification for war. Major powers all have treaties that are mutually agreed upon by member countries. Violating those treaties may also be a cause for war.

Our second amendment reads as follows:

"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

Although subject to much interpretation, it gives us the right to bear arms against any threat that invades our space or our countries space, including the tyranny of our own federal government.



Trump wants to close our borders and Clinton wants to leave them open. Who do you think has the better plan?

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Given the fact that ISIS wants to control land mass, do you think they will succeed?

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Since the mid-east is in a three-way civil war, what should we do?

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What type of foreign policy works better?

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Thank you.

Thanks for reading this article. I hope this has enlightened you in some way. I just gave a few examples of wars and how the three needs are the motivating factors. I'm sure you can think of many more examples. Comments are greatly appreciated.

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    • peoplepower73 profile image
      Author

      Mike Russo 5 months ago from Placentia California

      Oztinato: Thanks for the information.

    • Oztinato profile image

      Oztinato 5 months ago from Australia

      Mike

      Theories will always be tweaked over time.

      There are both physical and spiritual explanations.

      Corrupt physical forces need to be fought against. This is also a huge archetype expressed in literature.

      The "gene war" is physical but it's opposite is the "good fight".

      Carl Jung expressed these things.

    • peoplepower73 profile image
      Author

      Mike Russo 5 months ago from Placentia California

      Oztinato: Professor Joseph Campbell in the Power of Myth said the same thing, that the father figure is both feared and respected. I believe men in high power places get there because they are alpha-male types and they have an innate need to spread their gene pool. Thanks for information.

    • Oztinato profile image

      Oztinato 5 months ago from Australia

      Here is a wiki summary of chapter 4 from Freud's "totem and taboo". This chapter has to be one of the most insightful analysis of "war" and it's pre human roots.

      Chapter 4

      In "The Return of Totemism in Childhood," Freud combines one of Charles Darwin's more speculative theories about the arrangements of early human societies (a single alpha-male surrounded by a harem of females, similar to the arrangement of gorilla groupings) with the theory of the sacrifice ritual taken from William Robertson Smith to conclude that the origins of totemism lie in a singular event, when a band of prehistoric brothers expelled from the alpha-male group returned to kill their father, whom they both feared and respected. In this respect, Freud located the beginnings of the Oedipus complex at the origins of human society, and postulated that all religion was in effect an extended and collective form of guilt and ambivalence to cope with the killing of the father figure (which he saw as the true original sin).

    • peoplepower73 profile image
      Author

      Mike Russo 5 months ago from Placentia California

      It's interesting to see the different views on the subject. But I believe it is the innate need to spread the gene pool. Thanks for the link.

    • Oztinato profile image

      Oztinato 5 months ago from Australia

      Here is a link to a Q&A that I wrote a while back.

      https://hubpages.com/education/answer/263678/is-th...

    • peoplepower73 profile image
      Author

      Mike Russo 5 months ago from Placentia California

      Oztinato: That's a great observation. At very primal level, females can be thought of as property that are required to propagate their kind. I will checkout the survey capsules. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Oztinato profile image

      Oztinato 5 months ago from Australia

      I agree that most wars are fought over property. Females were once part of that property war and I believe this still exists as a subconscious priority. Hitler for example ordered his elite troops to kill males and rape/impregnate females with Aryan spawn.

      The current Daesh terrorists are into dominating all women.

      Even most fights in pubs are over women.

      So yes war is a battle for land and females.

      There are other more limited cases of defensive wars against these lower primate urges and maniacal leaders.

      The higher impulses in humans are at war with the lower impulses and this is often expressed externally.

      PS the survey question boxes in the hub were malfunctioning when I tried to use them.

    • dianetrotter profile image

      G. Diane Nelson Trotter 15 months ago from Fontana

      It seems like there is a vicious circle similar to gang wars. You kill one of ours, we kill one of your. Collateral damage is someone not involved but then someone else wants vengeance. There is no way we can't be involved with Middle East. When a treaty is made, the one person who doesn't agree with it breaks it.

    • peoplepower73 profile image
      Author

      Mike Russo 15 months ago from Placentia California

      Thanks: Larry, I'm not getting much interest in this hub. i guess, I'll have to be patient. But lots of laughs on your comments.

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 15 months ago from Oklahoma

      Great read! I'm always glad to hear your opinion on things.

      Personally the only wars I want to wage are on XBox Live, but nobody asked me:-)