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Things You Should Know About Our Military

Updated on June 18, 2015
American Flag
American Flag | Source

The Branches

Have you ever wondered if our military does more than shoot guns? Perhaps you didn't even know that each branch has a specific purpose, and if you do, did you know that to that purpose, there is more than just driving tanks, flying planes, sailing, and firing rifles. Our military is made of of many branches with each holding a different significant purpose.


Our military has 5 branches, the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard. Each and every branch holds their own specific purpose. Some branches have more basic duties, known as general orders, than others. For an example, the Marine Corps has the most with 11 and the Air Force the least with 3. The basic training, commonly known as boot camp, is longer and more challenging both mentally and physically for some branches than others. If you are considering joining the military, planning on doing some research, or just have a sheer interest, here are some things you should know before you make your decision.

US Soldier patrolling
US Soldier patrolling | Source

The Army

The largest branch of the U.S. Military and is the main offensive occupying force in our military. Members of the Army are referred to as soldiers after they have completed their basic training which lasts 10 weeks. The Army is mainly tasked with receiving public services and operating as an occupying force on an enemy front. Their main goal is to keep peace within the U.S. and defend our borders. The Army is tasked with National Defense through their National Guard. The army typically is known for their vehicles and paratroopers. Typically in the grand scheme of war, after the enemy force is neutralized or weakened, the Army moves in and occupies the cleared or weakened area to defend and secure a position of peace or tactical advantage. Over all their main purpose is national defense.

US Marines after combat
US Marines after combat | Source

The Marine Corps

The smallest branch of our military is the U.S. Marine Corps. The Marines are the main fighting force in our nations military. The purpose of the Marines is to fight, not to defend. They are the first to fight in a time of war and are the Presidents first line of security. The Marines have the most physically and mentally demanding basic training in our armed forces. Basic training is 12 weeks long in the Marines and is the most isolated out of any other branch. Unlike the Army, the main purpose of the Marines is to attack. Although the Marine Corps is within the department of the Navy, it is considered as its own branch due to its size and distinct purpose.

In The Military

If you are in the military, what branch were you in?

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Sailors at attention on an amphibious flight deck
Sailors at attention on an amphibious flight deck | Source

The Navy

Our Navy is the the most efficiant oceanic fighting force in the world. Its main purpose is to main peace among international waters,and act as the aggressive oceanic fighting force for our nation. They are the second largest branch of our armed forces, and within it its department it has the Marine Corps as its anphibious fighting force. The Navy, like the Army and the Marine Corps, has had roots in our military since the revolutionary war. The Navy travels the world constantly keeping aware of enemy presence and keeping a tactical advantage during war and even in peace to insure that attacks are prevented. The Navy specializes in nuclear technology and radar and is renowned for its special fighting force, the Navy SEALs.

Basic training in our Navy is 7 weeks long. After basic training cadets are considered to be Sailors since the operate mostly on the seas. Basic training is conducted by both Sailors and Marines throughout the training.

An aircraft engineer works on a fighter jet
An aircraft engineer works on a fighter jet | Source

The Air Force

The Air Force is our nation's youngest branch in the military. Established after World War 2, the Air Force has made huge technological leaps in warfare including drones, sending people into space, and providing the President with his own highly secured aircraft known as Air Force One. The Air Force's basic training is 8 and 1/2 weeks long and focuses mostly on technology and protocol rather than combat. Once cadets graduate they earn the title of Airman and then continue their training at technical school. The Air Force has been so technologically advanced that many of their pilots have been able to move out of the cockpit and control their aircraft remotely.

Coast Guard aircraft and rescue boat
Coast Guard aircraft and rescue boat | Source

The Coast Guard

Our Coast Guard is exactly what it sounds like. They exist to save victims of storms, piracy, or other forms of aquatic distress. Like the Army, they are here to defend our borders on our shorelines and if necessary, on the shores of our enemy. The basic training for the Coast Guard's basic training is 8 weeks long and focuses mostly on coastal defense and safety. The coast guard, although not meant for direct assault, is very well known for saving lives during hurricanes, and acting as an aquatic force against terror.

© 2015 Jacob Cornell

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    • JacobCornell profile image
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      Jacob Cornell 3 years ago from Sandy Creek

      Thank You!

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      Lee Cloak 3 years ago

      An interesting hub, always keen to learn about the US military, thanks for sharing, Voted up, Lee

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