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Tiger's Roar as Their Population in India Grows by 33%

Updated on July 30, 2019
emge profile image

MG, an Air- Warrior is a lover of Automobiles and has a fair amount of knowledge on cars and maintenance

The Tiger

The tiger is second only to the King of Beasts, the lion in popularity and folklore all over the world. The tiger, however, has a place of its own and is the most important animal in the sub-continent. Hindu mythology has many tales about the tiger and there was a time when the tiger population ran in hundreds and thousands.

The sub-continent is home to the largest population of tigers on the globe. India alone is home to 75% of the global tiger population. Over the centuries particularly in the 19th and early 20th-century indiscriminate hunting led to the tiger almost becoming extinct. The tiger population declined dramatically because of poaching and sport. During the days of the Raj, the Maharajahs organized innumerable tiger hunts to please the British.

An example is Jim Corbett who was one of the avid tiger hunters. He has written many books about his exploits in killing tigers. However, he mostly killed man-eaters, though early in his life he was not averse to killing any tiger. His book " The Man-Eater of Rudraprayag" is famous but in later life, he turned a conservationist. The Jim Corbett National Park is named after him.

Project Tiger

The tiger population declined sharply and there was a fear that the magnificent animal may become extinct. The United Nations and conservationists all over the world were concerned and "Project Tiger" was launched to save the species. This has borne fruit and the population of tigers in India has increased from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,967 in 2018. This marks a 33% increase according to the latest tiger census report. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has been taking a personal interest in the project to save tigers has released the figures of the tiger population. The Times of India has reported that Modi in a statement has said that "Nine years ago it was decided in St. Petersburg that the target of doubling tiger population will be 2022. We completed this target four years early."

The Survey

The Wildlife Institute of India had launched a four-phase survey covering 593,882 man-days and covered 381,400 km of forested habitats in 20 tigers occupied states. Camera traps were deployed at 26,838 locations and these resulted in 76,651 pictures of tigers being taken. The 2018 census has been the most technologically intensive wildlife enumeration exercise and also made use of extensive Android phone applications called M-STrIPES. This software was introduced in 2010 by the National Tiger Conservation Authority to collect verifiable data and analysis. Special care was taken not to duplicate the tiger counting on the borders with Nepal and Bangladesh which also have tiger reserves.

Result of the survey

The result of the survey has brought out that the state of Madhya Pradesh accounted for the maximum number of tigers — 526 — followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442). However, Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in striped cat numbers, while tiger numbers in Odisha remained constant. The Pench Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh recorded the highest number of tigers.


Modi and Discovery Channel

Discovery Channel and Modi

The Indian PM Narendra Modi has taken a personal interest in the conservation of wildlife and tigers. He has teamed up with British TV adventurer Bear Grylls, the star of survival show Man vs. Wild on the Discovery Channel. Grylls knowing the interest Narendra Modi invited the Indian leader to join him in the Jim Corbett National Park for a documentary on wildlife conservation. The Indian PM joined him and actively participated in the filming of the documentary. This program has been filmed and will be aired on the discovery channel on 12, August and will be beamed to 180 countries worldwide.

However, all is not rosy and The Guardian has reported that last week Indian police arrested four people in Uttar Pradesh after a group of villagers beat a tiger to death. The tiger had attacked people after straying out of the Pilibhit tiger reserve.

Last word

The trailer of the program is available on youtube. Wildlife experts from all over the world including the USA are in India and have complimented the National Tiger Conservation Authority for a job well done but more is required.

Comments

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    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      9 months ago from Singapore

      Mohan Baby, thanks for commenting.

    • Babu Mohan profile image

      Mohan Babu 

      9 months ago from Chennai, India

      Good to know that the tiger population is increasing in India. Nature conservation efforts must continue.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      Chitra,

      Sweet of you to have commented. I have not been to the Sariska park and thus was great to learn about your experience. Yes, wildlife is essential for India and this country is blessed by god to have such a variety of wildlife from lions, tigers to the elephant.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      20 months ago from New Delhi, India

      Great article, as always.

      This news last week, about the increase in the tiger population, is worth celebrating. We must appreciate the efforts of the Indian government and the forest officials.

      Recently, we had been to the Sariska National Park, Alwar, and were quite impressed by all the arrangements, by the forest department, to protect the environment and the wildlife.

      Thanks for sharing this excellent article.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      Readmikenow,

      What a wonderful tale. I agree the tiger must be respected otherwise he could turn a man-eater. God forbid he becomes one. I saw an old movie (available on the net)-"Harry Black and the Tiger" about a hunter played by Stewart Granger. You may like it.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      Dear Pamela,

      Thank you so much for commenting. Just an aside I am a registered shikari for man-eaters and have a Winchester 315 automatic.

    • Readmikenow profile image

      Readmikenow 

      20 months ago

      Very good article.

      I have always been fascinated by tigers. Knowing their population is increasing is a very good thing.

      A man from India shared with me a story many years ago when I was young. It was called "Why Poke The Tiger." It was about a troop of monkeys who lived in peace for many years with a lone tiger in their territory. A new monkey leader came to power and urged the monkeys to get the tiger out of their territory. The monkeys didn't understand why, but they poked the tiger with sticks to drive it away. They did this so much the tiger began killing monkeys. Then the monkey leader became enraged. He ordered all his monkeys to attack the tiger. The tiger eventually left. There were many dead monkeys before this happened. The many dead monkeys attracted tigers from around the jungle. Soon, there was so many tigers living in the monkey's territory they had to leave or risk being destroyed by all the tigers. The lesson is to always think of all the consequences before you poke the tiger.

      Enjoyed reading your article.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      20 months ago from Sunny Florida

      The tiger is such a beautiful animal, and it would be horrible if they became extinct. I truly enjoyed your article as you explained the situation in India so well.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh emge 

      20 months ago from Singapore

      Lt Col ,

      Thank you for commenting. Yes, I agree that the tiger population needs to be raised much more as they are the pride of India.

    • profile image

      Lt Col Parduman Singh 

      20 months ago

      Great, I am a registered shikari and enjoyed this article. I am so glad that the tiger population has gone up. All credit to Modi, who must be the first Indian leader ever to venture into the wilds. The tiger population needs to be raised to at least 10,000 as India is the home of the tiger

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