Successful Interventions in Toledo, Ohio: Third Largest City for Child Trafficking
Ohio Facts on Child Exploitation
- A large volume of vehicle traffic flows across the northern border of Ohio, especially on Interstate 80. This is an opportunity for trafficking in people.
- Ohio overall is the fifth largest state for trafficking individuals in the USA.
- The largest demographic of trafficked individuals in Ohio is 21 to 30 years old. The second largest cohort is 16 to 17 years old, and the third largest group is 13 to 15 years old.
- At least 4,000 calls were made to Ohio's trafficking hotline in 2016.
- The Ohio State Highway Patrol made stopping human trafficking a priority in 2017.
Source: Lieutenant Jerad Sutton, Ohio State Highway Patrol. wkbn.com/2017/01/12/why-is-ohio-ranked-5-in-nation-for-human-trafficking/ Retrieved January 11, 2017.
Interstate 80, and I-80/I-90, the Ohio Turnpike
According to the International Labor Force, the money illegally acquired through human trafficking is estimated to be more than $35 billion.— Ohio Department of Health 10/2016
Report Infractions to the Following Number
If you think you have seen a victim of human sex trafficking - child or adult, even an infant - contact the following organization anytime toll free, 24 hours a day.
National Human Trafficking Resource Center: 1-888-373-7888
In cases of immediate life-or-death emergency, call 911.
Great Progress Through 2016
During 2014, Forbe's Magazine and Sperling's Best Places named Toledo, Ohio as the 4th Top City of Opportunity in America, especially through efforts of local government and the University of Toledo.
In 2016, Judge Paul M. Herbert in Columbus, Ohio felt that The Ohio State University can be a leader in the study to end human trafficking, especially through a specialized office set on on the Columbus main campus.
The beginnings of such an office were initiated at the OSU Extension office in June 2016 (Reference: http://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5900).
In America over 100,000 children are involved and Ohio is still sited as a major hub of this activity, despite some progress in Toledo, a gateway city.
Reference at Holly Zacharia.
Ongoing New Preventive Action
The Vineyard Church Movement has an expanding outreach ministry into social justice concerns, including the exploitation of children and adults trafficked into all; kinds of unpaid labor, not only sex-related. The national headquarters for this growing international church is vineyard.org. In Ohio, an extensive program to help trafficking victims takes many forms, from helping place individuals into counseling, finding safe dwellings, connections with education and job placement, and providing material assistance.
Previously, in 2013, data suggested that Toledo already enjoyed some success in combating the trafficking problem. Meanwhile, government, non-profit groups, and individuals developed more forceful means of helping to end human trafficking in Ohio
Another growing church in Central Ohio, Rock City, is also successful in helping families and individuals in need, especially the homeless, single parents, and victims of trafficking. Pastor Chad Fisher and his family, who came to Central Ohio from Toledo has led an outstanding charge against this crime.
An organization in the initiative called www.GraceHavenHouse.org is the first in the this state to provide a group home for children and youth taken out of the human trafficking system. Previous to this, they had to be sent to jail by law.
Ohio Governor John Kasich took a firm stand and signed legislation in recent weeks to set up obligatory cooperation of state and local agencies and organizations to allow them to use their resources together for the good of trafficking victims and the elimination of the phenomenon in our state.
RockCity (RockCityChurch.tv on the web) reports that a trafficking corridor that especially needs attention extends from Columbus, north to Toledo and farther on to the Detroit.
Other organizations in the Columbus, Ohio are quickly joining the initiative against this illegal and hurtful "business" booming in our state's northwest quadrant. Post your organization's name in the comments and tell us what it's doing to help.
- A trafficking survivor raises awareness -- Even 30 years after escaping her use for trafficking, author and survivor Theresa Flores said she knows she could be sucked back again if her former pimp showed up and started talking to her. (See http://urbanacitizen.com).
- Fedor renews push to toughen trafficking laws - Toledo Blade
COLS OH: Rep. Teresa Fedor (D., Toledo) ran into resistance with “the senators” when she attempted to draw a clear line that no one under the age of 18 could be considered a prostitute. She compromised to get her anti-human trafficking ideas across.
- Human Trafficking in Ohio Must Be Stopped | Citizens for Community Values:Enforce Laws Already on the Books Citizens for Community Values (CCV) has long recognized the problem.
- Moore, Kutcher: Join our crusade to end child trafficking - CNN.com "There's between 100,000 and 300,000 child sex slaves in the United States today,"
- Ohio Is at Center of Child Trafficking - CBS News
New Human Trafficking Study Shows 1,000+ US-Born Kids Forced Into Prostitution Annually in State.
Ohio's Governor Takes Action
March 30, 2012
Governor John Kasich declared this week that the administration put more effort into ending human trafficking in the State of Ohio. He signed a declaration requiring State Agencies to cooperate in working together to capture and bring charges against perpetrators of trafficking.
State statistics report:
Thirteen is the most common age in Ohio for children to become victims of human trafficking. An estimated 1,078 underage Ohioans are trafficked each year, and another 3,016 children are considered at-risk...roughly 1,000 American-born children forced into the sex trade in Ohio every year, about 800 immigrants are sexually exploited and pushed into sweatshop-type jobs. -- Ohio Human Trafficking Commission and Attorney General Mick DeWine.
How many children are trafficked, unknown to that statisticians or the State? It seems that nail saloons are a hot place for trafficking in the 2010s, workers being slavers, and the Governor is finding all the related facts he can. Public Service Announces began shortly on television.
Gateway to Large Air and Rail Hubs, US and Canadian Highways
Traffickers commonly use violence, threats, debt bondage, and other forms of deceit and coercion to compel adults and children into servitude.— OSU Extension, Columbus
May Day Celebration of Life
Back on May Day 2010, I sat in a meeting of over 400 concerned Ohioans and visitors from other states and countries. We viewed a presentation and made a discussion about human and child sex trafficking/tourism in the USA and Ohio and what we can do to stop it.
Growing numbers of people have become concerned about this and all sex and labor slavery in America. Laws have been passed to put an end to these practices, but they are not always fully enforced city by city. We chose May 1 to begin adding our voices to the demand to end human sex trafficking, especially child slavery.
Toledo Supplies Las Vegas
Toledo is the third largest gateway city for child sex tourism and child sex trafficking in America. The city has run aground of some hard economic times in recent years and the Underground Economy has grown a bit larger in response. This includes anything from hair braiding without a cosmetology license to neighborhood auto mechanics working on a cash-only basis, to selling children as young as 6 months old into sex slavery.
Professor Celia Williamson of the University of Toledo chaired a task force for research into Ohio's contribution to the child sex trafficking industry. Initial results estimated Toledo in 4th place in this child sex trafficking in America, that this result was conservative, and that it may be actually worse.
[Worse than we thought: 1,000 new American Toledo/Ohio children annually; Toledo a major site for foreign-born victims and a leading recruitment gateway for them all. Ohio AG Richard Condray's group found even hundreds more Ohio kids at risk yearly of such victimization in the Toledo Gateway. Toledo exhibits the highest per capita related victim rate in the USA.]
At least 1,800 people at any point in time in Ohio are held in trafficking bondage. Miami Fl, Portland OR, Las Vegas NV, and Toledo OH are the top 4 US gateway cities, but the Las Vegas child sex victims come mostly from Toledo, pushing it up to third place overall. It is incredible. Also incredible is that 6-month-old infants are used sexually and that men pay $1,000 for 20 minutes to use girls ages 6 months to 12 years.
While is Toledo, Ohio such a major gateway into this human rights violation industry? Many of the youngsters - not all girls, but some boys as well - are being groomed and offered to the sellers and pimps by grandmothers that had been prostitutes first, had guided or allowed their own children into the industry, and then began groom the grandchildren. This is third-generation human trafficking that is trapping grandmothers, daughters, and granddaughters as well as some men and boys.
Letters and Phone Calls
During the evening event, our group completed short letters to both Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and US Attorney General Eric Holder to ask them to continue and to strengthen their efforts in implementing fuller enforcement of human sex trafficking laws already on the books in this nation.
Some people in the group decided to begin placing phone calls to the Secretary's and the Attorneys General as well as to State and Local elected Officials to encourage them to implement stronger enforcement of anti-trafficking laws on the local level.
Numerous clubs, civic organizations, churches and other houses of faith are planning ways of increasing public awareness of the problem and asking elected officials to help.
Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
The Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP), led by Ambassador Luis CdeBaca -- Click the embedded link to access Report 2014.
If you are interested, you can read the Office's earlier data gathered on this phenomenon in their free online 2009 Trafficking in Persons Report. It covers 175 different nations and reports upon the global efforts of all concerned governments that are combating severe trafficking in persons.
Broadcasting this information to others will promote and secure additional awareness and support for ending these practices. The US Federal Government uses this report to encourage partnerships with other nations to fight the institutions of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and slavery (labor, forced marriage, and sex tourism, to name a few).
The International Labor Organization (ILO) of the UN examines labor standards, employment issues, and protection against exploitation around the globe. they say that in 2009, at least 12,300,000 adults and children were held forcefully in forced labor, bonded labor, and commercial sexual servitude. About 1.39 million of these people, about a tenth, are in commercial sexual servitude, inter- and intra-nationally.
Human traffickers are recognized as preying on the weak and vulnerable in society. This includes starving peoples, low castes, orphans, and public assistance recipients. Recruiters frequently use false promises of a better life, good jobs, education, marriage, or other benefits attractive enough to lure victims into bondage. Visit this federal government site: Modern Slavery for specific first-hand stories.
Some Distribution Points From Toledo
How You and I Can Help
Since May 1 in 2010; people around the nation have been communicating to the US Federal Government that they want to strengthen efforts toward ending child sex trafficking and tourism. They have contacted the government by phone, snail mail, and Internet.
Toledo is the thirds largest gateway city for this human rights crime and we are communicating with state and local leaders in Ohio in an ongoing conversation that seeks to end human rights violations in our state.
Because Toledo is so close to Detroit and large Ontario Province cities, heavy trafficking flows through Toledo to other places, including Las Vegas and overseas. We want it to end.
For the larger effort, you can, if you wish, call, write, or email the US Secretary of (http://www.state.gov/secretary/) and our US Attorney General (http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/) to declare your support for strongly enforcing anti-trafficking laws and upholding human rights globally. Our friends from out of the country are emailing Secretary of State Clinton, because she is interested in ending this problem globally, for everyone.
On an individual level, we can remain alert to signs of child sex trafficking and report any signs that we see to the toll free number at the head of this page.
- Lieutenant Jerad Sutton, Ohio State Highway Patrol. wkbn.com/2017/01/12/why-is-ohio-ranked-5-in-nation-for-human-trafficking/ Retrieved January 11, 2017.
© 2010 Patty Inglish MS