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Progress in Toledo, Ohio: Third Largest City for Child Trafficking

Updated on April 8, 2019
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Ms. Inglish has 30 years of success in medicine, psychology, STEM instruction, and aerospace education for Active USAF Civil Air Patrol.

Toledo, Ohio: Number One Gateway City, because it provides individuals to the world.
Toledo, Ohio: Number One Gateway City, because it provides individuals to the world. | Source

Ohio Facts on Child Exploitation

Lieutenant Jerad Sutton of the Ohio State Highway Patrol reported the following facts on January 12, 2017.

  • A large volume of vehicle traffic flows across the northern border of Ohio, especially on Interstate Highway 80. This is an opportunity for trafficking in people.
  • Ohio overall is the fifth largest state for trafficking individuals in the USA.
  • The largest demographic of trafficked individuals in Ohio is 21 to 30 years old. The second largest cohort is 16 to 17 years old, and the third largest group is 13 to 15 years old.
  • At least 4,000 calls were made to Ohio's trafficking hotline in 2016.
  • The Ohio State Highway Patrol made stopping human trafficking a priority in 2017.

According to the International Labor Force, the money illegally acquired through human trafficking is estimated to be more than $35 billion.

— Ohio Department of Health 10/2016

Report Infractions to the Following Number

If you think you have seen a victim of human sex trafficking - child or adult, even an infant - contact the following organization anytime toll free, 24 hours a day.

National Human Trafficking Resource Center: 1-888-373-7888

In cases of immediate life-or-death emergency, call 911.

Fast Progress From 2016 - 2019

A new organization in Central Ohio began operations in 2012 to stop and prevent child exploitation and trafficking. Its name is OneVOICE4Freedom and is led by its founder, Ms. Nicole Bromley.

This dedicated activist teaches classes to survivors of child abuse and trafficking and their families, as well as conducting support groups. Her company is an outgrowth of OneVoice, founded in 2003 to help the targets of child abuse.

Since 2016, I have heard increasing numbers of reports about Nicole's work internationally, while her group's efforts in the USA have spread quickly since 2013. According to her website, she speaks at community organizations, churches, universities, schools, and prisons to build awareness that helps to stop trafficking before it begins.

Meanwhile, she offers support to those working on the streets and coming out of that forced work into safe houses, in the form of large cloth bags filled with such things as toiletries and restaurant gift cards; makeovers; and hot meals. OneVOICE4Freedom often serves runaways and homeless youth, which are at-risk for exploitation.

The Ohio Investigative Unit Makes Progress

In 2017 and 2018, our state more fully engages and equiped law enforcement personnel to find targets of human exploitation and trafficking and provide them with practical help.

The-Governor John Kasich and a previous safety director, John Born, initiated coalitions in every part of Ohio by soliciting and gain help from the Ohio Investigative Unit division of plainclothes officers in the Ohio State Highway Patrol.

Ohio's Continued Progress to 2016

During 2014, Forbes Magazine and Sperling's Best Places named Toledo, Ohio as the Fourth Top City of Opportunity in America, especially through efforts of local government and the University of Toledo.

In 2016, Judge Paul M. Herbert in Columbus, Ohio felt that The Ohio State University can be a leader in the study to end human trafficking, especially through a specialized office established on the Columbus main campus.

The beginnings of such an office were initiated at the OSU Extension office in June 2016).

In America over 100,000 children are exploited and Ohio is still sited as a major hub of this activity, despite anti-trafficking progress in Toledo, a gateway city.

https://humantrafficking.ohio.gov/
https://humantrafficking.ohio.gov/ | Source

In 2012, 2014 and 2018, Ohio passed laws to significantly strengthen its legal framework to combat human trafficking through increased penalties for offenders and increased legal protections for victims.

— Task Force Report 2019

Anti-Human Trafficking Task Force Coalitions

As of April, 2019 Ohio supports at least 22 coalitions actively working against exploitation and trafficking around the state.

A five-county coalition around Toledo is called the Lucas County Human Trafficking Coalition in the counties of Lucas (home of Toledo), Wood, Ottawa, Sandusky (home of Cedar Point), and Seneca. Like many of the coalitions, it advertises help through brochures distributed in public places, Facebook, community outreach projects, radio broadcasts, walk-ins, and others.

Summary Report, January 2019

Data for years 2014 to 2017 was analyzed and reported by the task force overall in January 2019. The full report is available here. A table with victim numbers may look inflated, but this is because some individuals were recognized by more than one helping agency.

Since this report was released, a large project that included local, state, and federal agencies an Asian community group during 2017 and 2018 was added to find foreign nationals trafficked in Ohio. Through a US Health and Human Services grant, 218 such individuals from 2014 to 2017 had already been recorded and helped. We await new information from the larger project at this time.

The Future of Progress

The state task force involves many government agencies within Ohio and the federal government, as well as community organizations, individuals, interested businesses that include non-profits like Nicole Bromley's, Truckers Against Trafficking, and others.

The overall program is far reaching and more effective every month; and current Governor Mike DeWine supports it fully.

Community Prevention Programs

The Vineyard Movement

The Vineyard Church Movement is involved in social justice concerns, including the exploitation of children and adults trafficked into all kinds of unpaid labor, not only sex-related.

The national headquarters for this church movement is Vineyard.org. In Central Ohio, an extensive program to help trafficking victims includes helping place individuals into counseling, safe dwellings, education and job placement services, and even material assistance.

During 2013, data suggested that Toledo already enjoyed some success in combating the trafficking problem. An article in the Toledo Blade titles Fedor renews push to toughen trafficking laws shows how Representative Teresa Fedor (D., Toledo) struggled with “the senators” when she suggested legislation to raise the age of consent to become a prostitute to 18. She was finally successful.

Rock City Church Programs

Rock City meets on several campuses and helps families and individuals in need, especially the homeless, single parents, and victims of trafficking. Pastor Chad Fisher and his family came to Central Ohio from Toledo and is active in anti-trafficking work, often partnering with the Dream Center in downtown Columbus.

Rock City reports that a trafficking corridor that especially needs attention extends from Columbus, north to Toledo and farther on to the Detroit/Windsor. The Ohio Turnpike is also a route along which victims can be kidnapped.

Grace Haven House

GraceHavenHouse.org is the first group in the Ohio to provide a group home for children and youth taken out of the human trafficking system. Previous to this, they had to be sent to jail by law.

Former Governor John Kasich signed legislation to set up obligatory cooperation of state and local agencies and organizations to allow them to use their resources together for the good of trafficking victims and this includes Grace Haven.

Map of I-80, and I-80/I-90, the Ohio Turnpike

A
Youngstown:
Youngstown, OH, USA

get directions

Cleveland crime family has influenced illegal activities in this city in the past.

B
Cuyahoga Valley National Park:
Cuyahoga Valley National Park, Brecksville, OH 44141, USA

get directions

C
Elyria:
Elyria, OH 44035, USA

get directions

D
Maumee:
Maumee, OH, USA

get directions

E
Toledo:
Toledo, OH, USA

get directions

A large regional mosque at I-75 draws Muslims and women and girls in these families might be at-risk, at least for kidnapping/exploitation.

Traffickers commonly use violence, threats, debt bondage, and other forms of deceit and coercion to compel adults and children into servitude.

— OSU Extension, Columbus

Map of the Transport Gateway to Air and Rail Hubs, US and Canadian Highways

A
Toledo OH:
Toledo, OH, USA

get directions

B
Detroit MI:
Detroit, MI, USA

get directions

C
Windsor ON:
Windsor, ON, Canada

get directions

D
Toronto ON:
Toronto, ON, Canada

get directions

Toledo Supplies Las Vegas

Toledo is the third largest gateway city for child sex tourism trafficking in America. Children as young as 6 months old have been sold for exploitation purposes.

Professor Celia Williamson of the University of Toledo chaired a task force for research into Ohio's contribution to the trafficking industry and initial results estimated Toledo to be in fourth place nationally as a gateway city.

At least 1,800 people at any point in time in Ohio are held in trafficking bondage, but the Governor's Task Force is decreasing this number in 2019.

Miami, Florida; Portland Oregon; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Toledo are the top four US gateway cities, but the young female and male Las Vegas victims come mostly from Toledo, pushing it up to third place overall.

Unfortunately, grandmothers that had been trafficked and worked as prostitutes have groomed their own children and grandchildren into the industry. This is third-generation human trafficking that is trapping grandmothers, daughters, and granddaughters as well as some men and boys.

How Anyone Can Help

Since May 1, 2010; people around the nation have been communicating to the US Federal Government that they want to strengthen efforts toward ending child sex trafficking and tourism. They have contacted the government by phone, snail mail, and Internet.

Toledo is the thirds largest gateway city for this human rights crime and we are communicating with state and local leaders in Ohio in an ongoing conversation that seeks to end human rights violations in our state.

Because Toledo is so close to Detroit and large Ontario Province cities, heavy trafficking flows through Toledo to other places, including Las Vegas and overseas. We want it to end.

For the larger effort, you can, if you wish, call, write, or email the US Secretary of State and our US Attorney General to declare your support for strongly enforcing anti-trafficking laws and upholding human rights globally. Our friends from out of the country are emailing Secretary of State Clinton, because she is interested in ending this problem globally, for everyone.

On an individual level, we can remain alert to signs of child sex trafficking and report any signs that we see to the toll free number at the head of this page.

Sources

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2010 Patty Inglish MS

Comments and Experiences

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  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    6 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    The petitions idea is a good one! The White House could use a few more good ones instead of some of the chaff posted there.

  • HoneyBB profile image

    H Lax 

    6 years ago

    Another well written article and informative with ideas on how the average person can help to end this appalling practice and horrible treatment of our nations children and people. Thanks for sharing. I will be sharing my support with the Hillary Clinton campaign. You could also start a petition at petitions.whitehouse.gov to bring more awareness to to have specific things tackled.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    6 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Thanks for commenting, Everybody! We in Ohio have been blessed with two governors in a row - from different parties - that made it a priority to fight this problem.

    billybuc - From Portland, I bet people are shipped overseas as well.

    marcoujor - Thank God for Covenant House! That is good field experience, I think.

    Lord De Cross - Thanks for reading and spreading the word.

  • marcoujor profile image

    Maria Jordan 

    6 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

    What a comprehensive report with well defined interventions on this tragic situation.

    My Community nursing students spend field time at the Covenant House which helps girls that have been taken out of these situations.

    Voted UP and UI...thank you for raising our awareness.

  • billybuc profile image

    Bill Holland 

    6 years ago from Olympia, WA

    Bravo Patty! Thank you for joining our H.O.W. movement. This is, of course, a powerful piece, and this problem is huge nearby us in Portland, Oregon....heck, it is an issue that affects us all.

  • Lord De Cross profile image

    Joseph De Cross 

    6 years ago from New York

    Thanks for the update Patty and your research is remarkable! Human trafficking is still happening as of today and tonight! Your hub will be linked to our charade of posts in our site. Thanks!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Thank you both for reading this Hub and contributing comments. This is one cause about which I am adamant. Thanks evermore to everyone that wants this business stopped.

  • RealHousewife profile image

    Kelly Umphenour 

    7 years ago from St. Louis, MO

    Oh this is such a great cause! Awesome job - we have terrible issues with in in Missouri as well. Hilary Clinton did a fantastic job working on this. There is still so much that needs to be done...in Kansas City - there are girls disappearing at alarming rates!! They have busted trafficking rings as recently there as two weeks ago!

    Love this cause and you always have excellent articles. Hats off:)

  • Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

    Marcy Goodfleisch 

    7 years ago from Planet Earth

    This makes me cry, and it makes me angry beyond words. You've done a great job of documenting the abuses - thank you for raising awareness. As always - outstanding writing!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    It is WAY disgusting. Our governor and the mayor of Toledo are placing more consistent efforts toward exposing and attacking this business every day. The University of Toledo is also involved. It's an every day full on battle and not enough manpower was always available on the payroll to do the work. A lot of the intergenerational trafficking has been pretty well hidden up until now. Since the governor signed legislation enabling community organizations to get involved with govt. efforts, it's been a step forward.

  • vocalcoach profile image

    Audrey Hunt 

    7 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

    Patty - This is outrageous and so disgusting. It's hard to imagine that this kind of thing goes on. And why " Laws have been passed to put an end to these practices, but they are not always fully enforced city by city." - why are these laws not fully enforced? What are some of the excuses for not enforcing these laws?

    Awareness is important and thanks for making me aware of this terrible and heart-breaking crime. I'm drafting my letter to Hillary Clinton today and checking the links you've provided. I want to be involved somehow.

    Thank you so much Patty!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    I am hoping the same. Our governor's efforts and the fact that we have a home for these children that are saved from the trafficking system are really encouraging.

  • Melovy profile image

    Yvonne Spence 

    7 years ago from UK

    Thank you for highlighting this issue. It is very encouraging to know that action is being taken to end child trafficking in this way. It is sad, though not surprising, that it goes down through generations and I hope the interventions mean that no more generations of children will go through this.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    I did not realize about the magnitude of car thefts; however, a supervisor of mine a few years ago drove his brand new Cadillac to a high rise office building in downtown Cleveland, went inside and when he returned in 30 minutes, found his car stripped down to the chassis.

    Ohio governments and nonprofits are working hard on the problems surrounding human trafficking and are making headway. I feel we must put an end to this problem in our country. Thanks for reading!

  • Lwelch profile image

    Lena Welch 

    7 years ago from USA

    I liked the Columbus article on veterans better :) It made Ohio look better. I didn't realize that Toledo had this problem. I am guessing from what you are saying about ports that a lot of border cities have problems. I know Ohio is in the top 10 for car thefts for that very reason.

    It is funny to discover a hubster is in the same vicinity as you are!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Although our Governor and the Toledo mayor are attacking this problem fiercely, Toledo provides children, even infants, to other trafficking markets through its port authority on Lake Erie. This fact brings the city up to first, especially since those who have been trafficked previously are now taking their own grandchildren into the "business."

    Las Vegas has been a big market for this in the past, but unfortunately through Windsor ON, the youth and children are taken to other countries. Some, not most, of the kids in third world countries in this business are indeed Americans. But there is hope in new legislation passed this spring by Governor John Kasich.

    Keep Ohio in your good thoughts, please and thanks for your post!

  • profile image

    LocoElleCee2 

    7 years ago

    I am very surprised that Toledo, Ohio is the THIRD largest city for sex trafficking of children and slavery! Of all the articles I have been reading lately about sex trafficking, it is most wide spread in third world countries or poverty stricken countries. I knew that it happened in the United States, but shocked to hear that one of the states in the US tops the charts in sex trafficking!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    True, but the situation is improving. Governor Strickland called attention to the problem, the mayor of Toledo applied more law enforcement, and Governor Kasich is concerned as well. Children are being saved in larger numbers.

  • profile image

    Kari0320 

    7 years ago

    Can this be true and baby's also. The government is involved and the conspiacy to cover up pedophiles within our government runs deep. Then where is help???

  • funmontrealgirl profile image

    funmontrealgirl 

    7 years ago from Montreal

    This makes me sad. I definitely think all the support should be thrown to fighting this at every level.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    7 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Thank you, Wes - I did not know much about the Super Bowl involvement.

  • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

    Wesman Todd Shaw 

    7 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

    WHEW!

    I'd have . . .never thought about that. I just looked at your profile and saw this and said, "what?"

    One thing I learned last year was that whichever city that hosts the "super bowl" in any given year is going to be. . .having some child sex slave imports. Seems that there are some rather wealthy and rich men (and probably women too) that like to indulge themselves in the private boxes at stadiums - at the expense of others, of course.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    This is a horrible situation in my state, but I hear that government, social services, and educational leaders in Toledo are fighting back with help from the people.

    Toledo is a great place, depite the issues. The university in town provided free tuition for many in Ohio in the last couple of years, COSI-Toledo re-opened, as I knew it would form listening to COSI-Columbus reports, and there is a lot more hope in the city today.

  • Neetuar profile image

    Neetuar 

    8 years ago from India

    This is a complete shock! Have even heard about child ST, but infants too!!!! Have the conscience of the buyers and sellers gone into a deep sleep?! One can't say who all are involved and how deep the roots are that it is going on for 3 generations!!!!! my words are drying up. I just want to pray to Almighty to save them all, take the scar out of all the survivors, and give them all a good and safe life!

  • chaunatye profile image

    chaunatye 

    8 years ago

    I live in Toledo and this is a HUGE shock to me!

    Very sad indeed, and as a resident I am surprised I haven't heard more about it on a local scale or how they are going to fix it.

    Wow...

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    dusy7969 - I think not many, or none, of the convicted criminals in this category are ever rehabilitated.

  • dusy7969 profile image

    dusy7969 

    8 years ago from San Diego, California

    unbelievable. I wouldn't have believed that this could happen in the U.S. on this scale. Another clear example of why we should bring back the death penalty(while I know we have it, it is so rarely carried out that it is ineffective).

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Huntgoddess - Thank you for posting your comments; this is a situation that I want Toledo to continue to fight and finally fix. Bless you and best wishes to you for the rest of your life!

  • Huntgoddess profile image

    Huntgoddess 

    8 years ago from Midwest U.S.A.

    I am also a survivor.

    I couldn't read the article. But, thanks for posting this information.

    Many of these children do not live. I was one of the lucky ones.

    God bless.

  • eventsyoudesign profile image

    eventsyoudesign 

    8 years ago from Nashville, Tennessee

    It is sick to think that an adult could have sex with a child. Our government is not worried about the people of this great country. The sex slave trade is not the only area where our government falls short. There are others. Great article, but it makes me sad to hear about how bad the abuse really is.

  • rescueachild profile image

    rescueachild 

    8 years ago from San Jose, Ca

    I am a survivor of child sex trafficking and it happened to me in foster care. The government is involved and the conspiacy to cover up pedophiles within our government runs deep.

    Pro~active awareness is the only way to protect you and your childrem These predators know everything about our children in order to lure them into the sex industry. You should learn everything about the problem to protect your child. THIS is NO joke. The crimes taken of me are still on pedophile sites considered as awesome, "vintage child porn." These crimes against me happened when I was 3-7... it CAN happen to your child. Learn all you can because the people in charge have been allowing this to go unchecked for so long for a reason.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    The phenomenon is pretty disgusting, for sure. I pray that our letters are affecting the right attitudes to change this.

    Toledo was able to gain enough funding to reopen COSI science and industry center, which is good especially for the kids and families; and, University of Toledo has increased its enrollment by furnishing free tuition, so a positive move is beginning to get a toe hold.

    I like Toledo and want the best to happen there. Thanks, SirDent!

  • profile image

    SirDent 

    8 years ago

    I couldn't finish this hub. It is so sad that so many children are exploited and used like a piece of yesterday's garbage.

    Thanks for bringing it to our attention. I will try to finish it up at another time.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Its probably the position of Toledo so near several large interstate highways, major shipping lanes on Lake Erie, airports, and border crossings into Michigan and Canada. Pretty hectic. Lots of people are contacting state and federal government officials about this, so I hope it helps.

  • Sundy Goodnight profile image

    Sundy Goodnight 

    8 years ago from New York

    You would never think of a smaller city like Toledo being the third largest city for child sex trafficking, but this just proves it is all over the United States and not just in third world countries. Thank you for bringing this horrible problem to the attention of others and letting others know how they can help. If your hub saves only one child it is well worth it.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    8 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    I think America has pockets of activities pretty much unknown until someone digs it up. At the same time this is happening, Ohio increased new jobs by 37,000 in April 2010 alone, highest increase in the nation. Out state is very visibly a place of good and bad things. People are asking for change and a response foprm govt that will make that change. Thanks for commenting, jiberish.

  • jiberish profile image

    jiberish 

    8 years ago from florida

    It's amazing and sad how much Ohio has changed since I lived there. There must be something in the water there, like in Florida!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    9 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Thanks Herald Daily, that's encouraging; I must keep complaining...and see who I know in Toledo now.

  • Herald Daily profile image

    Herald Daily 

    9 years ago from A Beach Online

    Patty, I don't understand people sometimes. The ones that cause such harm to others, I mean.

    I'm sure that if enough people kick up a stink, something good will happen.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    9 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Unfortunately yes, infants. In fact, the central part of the state has prosecuted infant rape a few times in the last several years. Not only is it morelaly repugnant, but it physically harms the babies to a great extent.

    I have not yet received replies from letters, but it has not been very long, and both official receive avalanches of mail and emails every week. Many hope that residents in the Toledo area will contact local elected officials, the governor, and the state congressional houses for help with this matter.

    I'll add updates from time to time and readers can keep an eye on the news feed in the Hub, too. Thanks for such sincere concern; it is encouraging that people want this to end and Toledo restored to justice as well as a recovering economy - Toledo Center of Science and Industry is reopening, if it has not yet done so - a great site for the family, so this trafficking problem needs to be cleaned up pronto.

  • Shirley Anderson profile image

    Shirley Anderson 

    9 years ago from Ontario, Canada

    Patty, just reading your opening at the top almost made me sick. Infants??? I could cry. Can't bring myself to go to the site you linked to that offers first-hand stories, sorry. Don't think I could handle it. Well, I probably could but it would make me feel ill for a long time.

    While I'm filled with sadness and pain about this situation existing, I'm very happy to see that you're making people aware and taking action to try and do something about it. Hats off to you and the others.

    I wish you much success in helping these poor individuals.

  • Herald Daily profile image

    Herald Daily 

    9 years ago from A Beach Online

    My God, I had no idea that this problem existed in the state of Ohio. I suppose that I shouldn't be surprised to read about it happening anywhere but I was. So sad, no tragic. Very best of luck in your letter campaign.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    9 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    "Considering Toledo's and Lucas County's smaller population compared to the other cities, the report said Toledo must be considered the per capita *leader of the nation* for such activities." - see the link in the text. It's worse than I suspected.

  • profile image

    leverton Lisa 

    9 years ago

    It is just so wrong that this is still going on, but it's the people that pay from them that need to be targeted too. To think that Grandmothers would be happy to sell their grandchildren is shocking but then if they come from a life of prostitution they probably know no other way.

  • profile image

    Scar 

    9 years ago

    I had no idea all of this was going on right here on American soil. This was a real eye-opener.

  • Sandyspider profile image

    Sandy Mertens 

    9 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

    I didn't know it Toledo was the third highest. This is surprising to know.

  • Frieda Babbley profile image

    Frieda Babbley 

    9 years ago from Saint Louis, MO

    Third generation now. How absolutely terrible (for lack of what I really want to say about this). I want to say it's shocking, because part of me is, but the other part that knows better isn't. I'm glad you wrote about this. It's essential people know.

  • Enlydia Listener profile image

    Enlydia Listener 

    9 years ago from trailer in the country

    this is sort of shocking news to me, since Toledo is only a few hours from where I live...our county has a very high unemployment rate also...if that is one of the factors, then anywhere there is high unemployment you can wonder about this...How has our society become so sordid, that men would find pleasure in raping an infant?

  • JenDobson27 profile image

    JenDobson27 

    9 years ago

    I had no idea it was that prevalent in Toledo, Ohio. It's really sad that it's prevalent anywhere. Thanks for informing us and making us aware of this concerning issue.

  • Faybe Bay profile image

    Faye Constantino 

    9 years ago from Florida

    Wow, Patty, I had no idea Toledo was number 3. I wrote some hubs on Human Trafficking, you can check out Not For Sale. I added them on Facebook, and you can if you haven't already. This is going on in our own back yards, the only way to change things is to heighten awareness.

  • theherbivorehippi profile image

    theherbivorehippi 

    9 years ago from Holly, MI

    Wow...this is very surprising to me. I went to the University of Toledo so I lived there and it seemed like such a wonderful city. Of course this was many years ago. So scary! Wonderful information!

  • billyaustindillon profile image

    billyaustindillon 

    9 years ago

    Patty - I am shocked that this is occurring in somewhere like Toledo - what a disgraceful business and lets hope it starts to get cleaned up.

  • Hello, hello, profile image

    Hello, hello, 

    9 years ago from London, UK

    I don't believe it. I never imagine it is that big a problem. What are all these big organization of policeforces do? Surely it can and must be reduced drastically.

  • fishtiger58 profile image

    fishtiger58 

    9 years ago from Momence, Illinois

    This is just awful. Can't believe stuff like this goes on.

  • samboiam profile image

    samboiam 

    9 years ago from Texas

    I am blown away. I never knew this occurred on such a large scale in the States. Thanks for shedding light on this issue.

  • Pamela99 profile image

    Pamela Oglesby 

    9 years ago from Sunny Florida

    I never would have thought of Toledo as a leader in child sex trafficking. It is shocking. Children need to be protected at all cost. I hope the letters will spur those with the power to get the FBI or appropriate agency involved to stop this heinous crime. I will write also. I'm glad you brought this to our attention.

  • DiamondRN profile image

    Bob Diamond RPh 

    9 years ago from Charlotte, NC USA

    That's now what I wanted to hear. I was born in Toledo. It's normally a very boring town.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    9 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    tony0724, thank you very much. I was shocked by all this and that it is so close, right in my state.

  • tony0724 profile image

    tony0724 

    9 years ago from san diego calif

    Patty this is just so alarming that I am virtually speechless. I know when it comes to children I will be one to protect them at all costs. My life Included. Thanks for exposing this henious crime. I know I will help out where I can .

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    9 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    I also was surpised. It is all ghastly. Thanks for commenting.

  • blue parrot profile image

    blue parrot 

    9 years ago from Madrid, Spain

    What bad news from home! But thanks all the same. I had heard Hillary Clinton was concerned about this but I never could have guessed that it was happening, and on such a scale, in Toledo.

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