Top 25 Crimes of the CIA
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created by Harry Truman in 1947. Their mandate was to collect information about foreign threats that could be used to defend the United States of America. However, within months of their inception, the CIA abandoned this policy of observation to begin a regimen of interference and intervention in the affairs of other nations. The resultant crimes included assassinations and political coups that deposed democratically elected governments.
Populations from at least 25 countries were denied the right to choose their own leaders. This is perhaps the main reason why America is hated so much around the world. The excuse given by CIA supporters is that Soviet influence over certain governments had to be curtailed. However, in many cases, no proof of Russian activity was ever found. The CIA had taken to dismantling any leftist or anti-US government, regardless of the regime's domestic or foreign support.
The following list provides 25 examples of CIA crimes around the world. It would be callous to rank these atrocities, which is why they are presented alphabetically (by country) to allow readers to find specific incidents.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, the CIA gave weapons to anyone willing to fight the Soviets. In all, 3 billion dollars were spent to equip, train, and fund mujaheddin soldiers. When the Soviets left, fanatical Muslims such as Sheik Abdel-Rahman (one of the 1993 WTC bombers) were left in possession of powerful weaponry.
Beginning in 1975, a CIA-backed civil war pointlessly killed more than 500,000 Angolans over its 27 year course. Gerald Ford had ordered the CIA to send covert aid to anti-communists involved in the war. This was against the wishes of the State Department and the CIA leadership, who saw Angola as a country of little strategic importance. The act prompted the Soviet Union to become involved, escalating and prolonging the war. According to the CIA's station chief in Angola at the time, John Stockwell, the Soviets were not involved in the country before the CIA interference.
In 1975, the CIA helped to topple Edward Whitlam, the democratically elected prime minister of Australia. Whitlam had threatened to close US military bases in Australia, and was a leftist leader. The population was stunned by the use of an archaic law that allowed Governor-General John Kerr to dissolve the government. Kerr was a member of the Association for Cultural Freedom, an organization that was receiving funding from the CIA. In 1977, US poliltician Warren Christopher let slip in a discussion with Whitlam that "The US would never again interfere with Australia's democratic process".
In 1968, the CIA captured Che Guevara and he was executed by subservient Bolivian forces. In 1971, a CIA-backed military coup overthrew the Bolivian socialist president, Juan Torres. The new US-approved dictator, Hugo Banzer, had over 2,000 political opponents tortured and executed without trial.
In 1964, the CIA overthrew the democratically elected leader of Brazil, Joao Goulart, in a military coup. They installed military fascists such as General Branco in his place. Goulart's replacements sent death squads to eliminate all political opposition. It was later revealed that the CIA had trained these death squads in methods of torture, interrogation, and assassination.
In 1970, it is alleged that the CIA overthrew popular leader, Prince Sihanouk, for keeping Cambodia out of the Vietnam War. His right-wing replacement immediately entered the Vietnam War on the side of America, and demanded all communist forces leave Cambodia.
Under the order of President Nixon, the CIA overthrew the democratically elected leader of Chile, Salvador Allende, in 1973. Allende was a peaceful man who refused to use force against his political opponents. The CIA replaced him with the notorious General Pinochet who went on to torture and murder thousands.
Under the order of President Eisenhower, the CIA was ordered to assassinate the democratically elected leader of Congo, Patrice Lumumba. They funded his political opponents, and a coup ensued in 1961 in which Lumumba was assassinated. Public support for Lumumba prevented the CIA from installing his opponents to power, leading to civil war. In 1965, a second CIA military coup installed Mobutu Seko as a US-friendly dictator. Human rights violations followed for three decades until he was deposed in 1997.
The CIA sent 1500 Cuban exiles to invade Castro’s Cuba in 1961. The mission failed when a promised American air-strike didn't occur, leading to the deaths of many of the exiles. The CIA were ordered to assassinate Fidel Castro on several occasions by numerous presidents, including Eisenhower and Kennedy. They worked with mafia bosses and political dissidents on as many as 638 assassination attempts.
Dominican Republic (1961-1965)
Since 1930, the US had supported the murderous dictator Rafael Trujillo. However, the CIA had him assassinated in 1961 when his business interests became large enough to compete with American dominance. In 1963, the CIA overthrew the new democratically elected leader, Juan Bosch, in a military coup and installed a fascist government. In 1965 a popular rebellion broke out to reinstall Juan Bosch. US Marines arrived to reinforce the fascists, crushing the rebellion.
In 1961, CIA-backed military factions forced the resignation of elected president, Jose Velasco. In 1963, the CIA overthrew president Arosemena in a military coup, after he had offended the US ambassador to Ecuador, criticized the US government, and defended Castro's revolution in Cuba. The CIA installed a military dictatorship in Ecuador. Human rights abuses inevitably followed.
El Salvador (1980-1992)
In 1980 the Archbishop of San Salvador pleaded with US President Carter to stop aiding the military government slaughtering his people. Carter refused, and shortly afterwards, the Archbishop (Oscar Romero) was shot while giving mass. The country dissolved into civil war in which CIA-trained death squads slaughtered thousands of men, women and children. Some 63,000 Salvadorans were killed by 1992.
In the CIA's first act of interference in another country, military aid was given to notorious Greek fascists in 1947. These fascists had deplorable human-rights records, but were supported in their fight against the communists. In 1965, the anti-US prime-minister, Georgios Papandreou, was removed from power. In 1967, a CIA-backed military coup overthrew the government two days before elections when it emerged that the likely winner would be Papandreou. The “Regime of the Colonels” began; a military dictatorship that destroyed freedoms, civil rights, and Greek democracy.
In 1954, the CIA overthrew the democratically elected leader of Guatemala, Jacob Arbenz, in a military coup. No trace was found of Soviet influence over Arbenz's government, despite allegations manufactured by the Americans. The CIA installed right-wing military dictators that went on to murder more than 100,000 Guatemalans.
In 1959 “Papa Doc” Duvalier became dictator in Haiti. Despite his frequent human rights abuses, he earned the support of America for his anti-communist policy. His private police killed over 100,000 Haitians during his reign. In 1971 “Baby Doc” Duvalier took over and continued to massacre the population. In 1986, following the retirement of Duvalier, the CIA created the “National Intelligence Service” which used torture and assassination to suppress popular revolt. In 1990, a leftist priest competed against 10 wealthy candidates at the general election, and won 68% of the vote. After eight months in power, the CIA-backed military deposed this elected leader; reinstating a brutal regime that caused thousands of Haitians to flee the island on rafts.
In 1983, the CIA gave Honduran military officers the “Human Resource Exploitation Training Manual” (a book of torture methods) and directed a campaign of assassination against leftist militias in the region. At least 184 were tortured to death by the CIA-backed government.
The CIA Cold War propaganda outlet, Radio Free Europe, incited Hungary to revolt in 1956 by broadcasting Khruschev’s `secret speech' in which he denounced Stalin. 30,000 Hungarians and 7,000 Soviets died in the uprising that followed.
In 1965 the CIA overthrew the democratically elected leader of Indonesia, Sukarno, in a military coup. His successor murdered up to one million civilians accused of being communist. The CIA supplied the names of countless suspects.
In 1953, a CIA coup overthrew the democratically elected prime minister of Iran, Mohammad Mosaddegh, after he made plans to nationalize the oil industry. The Shah was installed as dictator. His rule was so oppressive and violent that in 1979 the Iranian revolution took place to depose him. The regime that took over is still in place in Iran today. In 1980, Saddam Hussein invaded Iran with America's support. When Saddam used chemical weapons against the Iranians, the US maintained their support and vetoed every attempt to condemn Saddam’s WMD use at the United Nations.
The CIA had armed Saddam Hussein’s military during the Iran-Iraq war, allowing him to brutally crush internal opposition within his own country. Eventually he turned against his masters and used his sophisticated military to invade Kuwait in 1991. In 2003, America audaciously decided to invade Iraq to remove WMDs. Only 15 years earlier, America had supported Saddam's use of chemical weapons against the Iranians, and blocked countless UN resolutions that were intended to condemn their use.
Donald Rumsfeld visits Saddam
In 1948, the CIA (by its own admission) interfered in Italian elections; threatening and beating up communist leaders. They bought votes and broadcast propaganda to win the election for right-wing groups.
The CIA had made numerous attempts to remove Pathet Lao from power in Laos for being leftist. When they failed, the US began bombing Laos from 1957 to 1973. The number of bombs dropped on Laos was phenomenal, making it the most bombed country in history. At least a quarter of all Laotians became refugees.
In 1979, the CIA-backed dictator of Nicaragua was deposed by a Marxist rebellion. The Marxists transformed the country into a democratic state, and fairly won the resultant election according to most international observers. In response, the CIA recruited the remnants of the outgoing dictator's National Guard to form a widely hated private army called the `Contras'. The CIA ordered a guerrilla war against the Marxists throughout the next decade. When Marxists shot down a plane carrying military supplies in 1986, the survivor was revealed to be a CIA employee, embarrassing President Reagan who had denied any US involvement.
In 1989, the US invaded Panama to overthrow a dictator it had previously supported. General Noriega had been on the CIA’s contractual payroll since 1967, and had been transporting drugs with the CIA’s knowledge since 1972. Noriega’s increased independence had angered Washington. After being overthrown, he was sentenced to prison for drug trafficking.
In 1969, CIA employee and torturer, Dan Mitrione, arrived in Uruguay to instill the resident death squads with the desire and means to torture their leftist opponents. He eventually became so feared by revolutionaries that he was murdered a year later. This impeccable CIA officer once said: "The precise pain, in the precise place, in the precise amount, for the desired effect" and is reported to have practiced his methods on homeless people who were later executed.
After many years of trying to overthrow a communist government in North Vietnam, the CIA’s level of interference in Vietnamese affairs escalated to the point of war. They eventually had their own puppet leader in South Vietnam, President Diem, executed. In 1967, the CIA identified alleged “Viet Cong” leaders in South Vietnam. About 20,000 people were subsequently killed by loyal Vietnamese.
This list of 25 CIA crimes is based on information currently available. It will continue to grow beyond the stated number as new information comes to light. Historical knowledge of CIA activity is important for a proper evaluation of current tensions in the political world. In particular, the conflict with Iran can be understood to a greater degree when placed in the appropriate context. The American government relies on a public ignorance of history when justifying its wars to the masses. The publication of this work is an effort to end that strategy.