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Updated on October 8, 2013

Egypt the story of the Arab Spring for peace and justice in an ancient land

By Safiq Ali Patel

In January 2011 the world looked on via television to see some of the most vibrant incidents of mass protest, rioting. Revolution and civil rebellion Egypt has seen in its post World War history. The people of Egypt had arrived onto the streets of their capital city Cairo and their second city Alexandria in their hundreds of thousands demanding President Hosni Mubarak step down as their nation’s political leader. The protesters also wanted President Hosni Mubarak to be arrested and prosecuted for mass human rights violations, torture and killings of Egyptian people over this 30 year term in self appointed office.

By February 2011 The republic of Egypt’s self styled and assumed President Hosni Mubarak was into his final hours at the helm of the Government of the State of Egypt. A position Hosni Mubarak had kept as Egypt’s divine and unchallengeable head of state for over 30 years.

After nearly 30 years of Self Protected Power Hosni Mubarak the President of Egypt saw an open and internationally broadcast revolution against him and his naval, land, and air force from the people Hosni himself had sought to use solely for Military purposes. Hosni Mubarak’s unwillingness to drop Military Advancement as the sole agenda of his Governance over Egypt was being challenged live on the streets by a population tiered of curfews, food shortages, brutal policing and imposed arbitrary martial laws.

The masses, the educated and the ordinary people of Egypt demanded in their protests an end to Hosni Mubarak’s Militarized Presidency in Egypt of 30 years running, constantly. Egyptians and international observers have stated over many years that Hosni Mubarak's regime was torturing opponents to his government. Over his 30 years in Office Hosni Mubarak claimed all land, all wealth and all power in Egypt as his own and no-one else. Hosni Mubarak pleads not guilty to charges of Genocide against his own people each time these charges are bought against him. His claim of being divine was stated by Hosni Mubarak again even after his fall from Office as President of Egypt.

Hosni Mubarak has been accused of over 200,000 crimes of murder, rape, false imprisonment, prolonged captivity and even body burning, castrations, and forced blindness. These allegations have been leveled at Hosni Mubarak while in and out of Office. However, at each trial and at each question about his human rights violations against Egyptian's Hosni Mubarak has claimed "he has a divine right to do as he wishes and that by his divine power there can be no question or no criminal trail against him because Hosni Mubarak and supporters say Hosni Mubarak's rights are god given to be used for the land of Egypt, of which he (Hosni Mubarak is the god commanded chief."

Whatever his defense up till present day there has been no successful trail against Hosni Mubarak whose military regime has starved, withheld clothing, water, food and education from his people for three decades. And alongside strategies to cause suffering and pain to supporters of reform against him Hosni Mubarak has allegedly promoted open air floggings and beatings and over decades has ruled by using daily brute force against anyone suspected of taking any part in any plot to remove Hosni Mubarak from power.

The allegations of torture and multiple types of Human Rights Violations by Hosni Mubarak's well developed forces are too gruesome to publish or broadcast even during these days of open and free broadcasting. In summary the record against Hosni Mubarak says he and his Military forces have used gas chambers against his critics and against innocent people. There are eye witness tales going back to Hosni' Mubarak's earliest days in Government that say Hosni Mubarak has tortured and killed people to maintain his place at the top of Egyptian society and at the pinnacle of Egyptian political power. The list of atrocities committed by Hosni Mubarak also include use of the electric chair against anyone seeking democracy. Over thirty years every law passed by Mubarak has been to keep himself in power and to keep his right to kill anyone he sees as a threat to his continuity as President of a naturally wealthy country.

This rebellion by millions of Egyptians in the first three months of 2011 against their President is now termed the Arab Spring and is also known as the Egyptian Revolution. Hosni Mubarak was removed from Office as the President of Egypt on February 14th 2011, and some months later after elections the Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt formed a Government.

In January 2011 The Hosni Mubarak Regime over all of Egypt’s Land, People and Resources started to crumble and fall orchestrated from within Egypt by its civilians using Face book to publicize and gain even greater support from within Egypt and from people around the world. In retrospect Egyptians had been trying to unseat President Hosni Mubarak for many of his 30 years in power. Some Egyptians had traveled the planet to publicize what they termed the mass extermination of people by a crazed dictator but still they find it hard to get charges of Genocide and Human Right's violations by Hosni Mubarak recognized by international courts.

As the world looked on with the help of television news channels including Al Jazeerah, Sky News, BBC News, CNN News America and others all over the world it witnessed some revolutionary scenes the likes of which were previously unheard of in any Arab country in the post world war years.

At first Hosni Mubarak told the protesters that their needs would be met and said that he would step down in September 2011 when the elections in Egypt would take place. His resistance to immediate resignation as the answer to the call of the masses for him to "leave" did not satisfy the protesters By February 2011 the sheer numbers of people arriving in Tahrir Square, Cairo after prayers on Friday was starting to double and treble. Egyptians held similar congregations and protests all over Egypt. In cities around the world sympathizers of the protesters held protests in New York and London’s Hyde Park.

Over days and then weeks in February and March 2011 the nation of Egypt faced escalating rioting, closure of essential amenities, explosions, and Police sweeps. The Country was split into two sides. One side of mainly male soldiers and captains, sergeants and officers supporting Dictator Hosni Mubarak and the other side made up of people calling for his immediate and voluntary abdication from the Office of Divine President and Leader of Egypt to be followed by immediate elections along democratic values and a trail against President Mubarak for torture and human rights violations.

The Protesters of Tahrir Square in February 2011 called loudly for President Hosni Mubarak to step down as the President. Meanwhile Hosni Mubarak mobilized his mighty Police and Armed Forces onto Egypt’s streets crushing demonstrators, closing down the internet and passing hundreds of immediate laws to curb the protests demanding his resignation. He'd ordered his forces again to kill protesters. But no matter what actions President Hosni Mubarak employed in his final hours as President of Egypt the aggressive demands for an immediate end to Hosni Mubarak’s leadership of Egypt for got louder and louder and louder still. Among those calls were voices from people saying Hosni Mubarak should be captured and killed for taking part in the mass killing of Egyptians during his thirty years in power as the President of Egypt.

By late February there were daily scenes of violent clashes between Hosni Mubarak’s Armed and Equipped Officers and Egypt’s massive populations and the numbers of these types of scenes of civil war grew more each day. In February 2011 this violence escalated into scenes of civil war. Heavily armed soldiers were deployed onto streets in every built up town and city in Egypt by President Hosni Mubarak with orders to kill and quash the revolt against him as he tried to regain his hold over Egypt’s populations. Anti Hosni rebels would not back down and the loss of life among protesters ardent on removing President Hosni Mubarak from power began to rise to hundreds of people. Captured rebels were either imprisoned or killed by President Hosni Mubarak and his forces.

Supporters of the revolution gathered in Tahrir Square daily by early March 2011 and in vaster numbers. Some estimates say that more than 6 million people from all over the land of Egypt were converging on the streets of Cairo daily, erecting tents and living on limited food and water reserves. Many of these men and women survived without sleep, risking their lives and freedom to be a daily part of a huge effort to depose and destroy the regime of President Hosni Mubarak.

Masses of people could be seen on television screens all over the world waving flags and banners, chanting slogans and beating drums as well playing loud music over the balcony’s of buildings surrounding Tahrir Square, in Cairo. The banners said leave, the flags bore the national flag of Egypt and chants from Tahrir Square were loaded with constant demands from people all saying in huge numbers “Down With Hosni Mubarak.” "Hosni Mubarak is a killer."

To anyone believing passionately in democracy, these daily television pictures of protests in Tahrir Square portray scenes that personify the very essence of pro democracy Protest. People in almost inspirational numbers gathered and creating co-ordinated noise and movement against Hosni Mubarak daily in January, February and March 2011. These pro democracy protests from Tahrir Square were witnessed all over the world by the power of live and direct satellite, radio and television.

By February 2011 the protests had worked and the protesters calls after three long decades were met. President Mubarak resigned from office as President of Egypt on 14th February 2011, though it would take another 6 weeks of protests to guarantee Hosni Mubarak’s permanent removal from his long unchallenged tenure as the President of Egypt for 30 years. The President was later arrested and trialed but no adequate sentence was passed against him for his crimes of torture and more violations.

By April 2011 Hosni Mubarak was deposed and removed from Office as Egypt's President. The protesters were told elections would be held in September 2011. These elections when they did eventually happen bought in President Mohammed Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood Of Egypt to Govern Egypt. Attempts to arrest, trial, prosecute and sentence Former President Hosni Mubarak for Crimes of Torture and for Human Rights Violations have failed thus far to achieve a good measure of justice against a man who held his grip over courts and prisons, over politics and over every organ of state for a lifetime. A man who allegedly has killed millions of Egyptians in his quest to stay in power.

Mursi is now facing allegations of dictatorial rule too.

Since November of 2012 reports emerging from inside Egypt state that Anti Government protests are sweeping Egypt again. Protesters are gathering in Tahrir Square, Cairo again to protest at sweeping new powers given to him-self by President Mursi. The Freedom of people in this Ancient Land of Pharaohs and Pyramids want has not been delivered to them by this new Government.

As 2012 draws to a close and 2013 begins, the People, the 80 million or so residents of Egypt want the power and the direction of their nation and their lives to be in their own hands and those same people are becoming vocal and mobile on the avenues and boulevards of Cairo City once again. The death toll of the Hosni Mubarak years has not been forgotten and protesters want Justice for the Hosni years. Justice that their current elected government shows no right in delivering to them.

Egypt’s people want their right to self determination. Millions of Egyptians want the divine powers of their President crushed so that they the people of Egypt can begin to determine their own futures, manage their own taxes and allot their own essential resources instead of a system of Government that makes Martial or Religious law mandatory or a government that shows equal disregard to human rights as Hosni Mubarak did. The Muslim brotherhood which came into Government after Hosni Mubarak has failed already to retain the faithful support of Egypt’s electorate and masses of people amid growing allegations of corruption in President Mursi’s Government.

Egypt and its people face a turbulent journey now towards a free and democratic state where its people are free of the divine hold of rulers or Presidents. That journey to freedom may take years and could cost many more lives. Until that free and democratic era dawns over Egypt its people’s will struggle against religious laws and military laws. Until real change comes they face Islamization or Militarisation or both. If they don’t comply they face prison for long terms, they face violence against them and even death. And those who aren't sentenced for non compliance face Poverty, Austerity and long term deprivation and tortured subjugation.

And yet for many Egyptians participating in democracy goes against their Islamic faith. But most Egyptians know that if they are ever to be free of poverty and martial law or religious rule, if they are ever to be freed of violence and a daily threat of death leveled at them by their state, they must embrace democracy or a form of Government that will give them rights rather than take those rights away and leave them dead and unwanted.

And many inside Egypt know that the fight for their resources, their fight for their share of Egypt’s wealth and their fight to realize their democratic ambitions for their nation on the world stage and their hopes for themselves inside Egypt is a fight that is just beginning and that fight could be a long and enduring battle before peace, justice and prosperity come to all people in Egypt not just it’s President or another long lasting blood spilling dictator.

The struggle for enough food and water, enough fuel and clothing inside Egypt goes on. The struggle of day to day people to be free of austerity measures that provide little above sustenance goes on.

The people of Egypt go into 2013 amid another revolution, battling for rights and recognition, shouting for justice and an end to poverty and martial brutishness. Egypt in the 21st Century appears like a nation still waiting to be born, freed of rulers and dictatorial plans so that it’s each individual can be free of the conditions so many Egyptians have known for so long.

Those conditions being cruelty, stabbings, forced piercings, public shootings, public be-headings, public hangings and mass killings of human beings by authoritarian Hosni Mubarak. Anyone who might succeed Hosni and bring justice and prosperity seems to be light years away for the people of Egypt.

The road to justice and peace is a long one for Egypt's people and the full catalog of horrors committed by the Egyptian state led by Hosni Mubarak is yet un-known to the world. For millions of Egyptian people the struggle to be free of tyranny goes on under a new Dictator President Mursi.Though by August 2013 President Morsi has been removed from office amid claims from Egypts people that Morsi as Egypts President is bringing in powers to protect himself showing little concern or regard for the millions of people whom supprt the end of self interested governance in Egypt.

Morsi's removal from Government has been violent. Many hundreds of supporters of Morsi and his opponents have died in military blitz for and against Morsi. The Arab spring, Egypt's road to birth as a nation freed of violent oppressive rulers is far from over. There is still no clear and dedicated ruler and there is still no surgence of peace on the streets of this nation. The demonstrationof in Tahrir Square goes on. Some commentators say unless a peaceful democratic leader emerges and takes charge Egypt remains a nation stuck with dictators, enduring poverty and daily violent brutal instability rule the streets of this ancient nation in the 21 Century.

The search for freedom from torture and human rights violations for the people of Egypt goes on to this very second.

By Safiq Ali Patel.


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    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      TToombs08 I am truly delighted to receive your feedback. The hub needs updating, but nevertheless I am glad you found the hub article informative.

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      James I am not in agreement with you. The results of revolutions are never instant. Yes there has been deplorable bloodshed in Egypt in August 2013 but as an observer I know that peace in Egypt is being conceived. If we compare the Egyptian revolution with the Tianaman square protests in China in the 1980's revolution draws attention to the suffering of many at the hands of brutal personalities. The bloodshed in Egypt in August 2013 is largely caused by Islamic brotherhood loyalists. I have looked into the plight of Egypt's 80 million plus citizens. For the sake of the millions whose lives have suffered over the past 60 years in Egypt I believe peace and prosperity not torture and poverty should dawn for the people of Egypt. In the 21st century torture and violation should not be tolerated by any people anywhere. My thoughts are with the suffering and I take no delight in any people being genocided and destroyed in the Middle East. No-one said the journey to freedom would be a garden of roses for Egyptians and for many peoples all over the world who are living their lives out in poverty and in dissidence from violent rulers.

    • James-wolve profile image

      Tijani Achamlal 4 years ago from Morocco

      Unfortunately, Egyptian revolution of 25 January was much ado about nothing.The remnants of the veteran autocrat Husni Mubarak regime has returned to the stage,strongly sweeping carpet off the revolutionaries .The events of bloody Wednesday and the day of anger are very traumatic and crimes against humanity.

      I pray for Egypt!


    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      Vespawoolf thank you for taking the time to read this hub and for posting a comment.

    • vespawoolf profile image

      vespawoolf 4 years ago from Peru, South America

      What a horrible violation of human rights. It sickens me to even read about it. Thank you for making us aware of these happenings.

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      expertscolumn thank you very much for reading this hub and for taking the time to feed back. Anything you publish about the April 6th Movement would be read with enthusiasm.

    • expertscolumn profile image

      Stanley Soman 4 years ago from New York

      This article is very interesting, I've had a chance to meet through skype and write up on one of the organizers of the Tahir square demonstrations and the co-creator of the April 6th movement in Egypt. So i understand the depth of the issue, he himself was tortured for being an activist.

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      Hi Violet Flame for you feedback here. The best coverage I saw was with Aljazeerah. Whoever leads Egypt I feel strongly that the people of Egypt deserve their rights to peace and prosperity. I think Egypt has a public image as a great country A nation people either long to go to or one they have been to and always talk well of It's therefore very disturbing to look closer to see that the country has been in the grips troubles for a long time. I really hope and pray that people in Egypt find the liberty and rights they are looking for. Only time will tell. I hope the people of Egypt know that their struggle has touched the lives of many people all over the world.

    • Violet Flame profile image

      Violet Flame 4 years ago from Auckland, NZ

      Hi Safiq, thank you for this detailed account of Egypt's political struggle in the past few years. I have a very dear Egyptian girlfriend on Facebook, and I have been an eye witness to the sudden increase Facebook activity in the last couple years, mostly political comments of sorts (sadly I could not understand them as they are all in Arab). I must say the NZ news coverage about Egypt's political struggle has not been extensive, still, I caught gimps of the protests here and there and was worried about the safety of my darling friends in Cairo. Thank you for your detailed hub which gave me much needed background information. I might suggest to my girlfriend to start turning those Facebook links into English so more people in the west could understand their plight and join voices with them. God Bless xoxo

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      LauraD093 thank your for your comment and feedback here. I hope and pray that your friend in Egypt is well. Over the years I have met Egyptians. Most do not want anything other than to be free to get on with their lives and to build their lives for themselves, for each other and for their nation. It was the inspiration of the Arab spring and my commitment to humanity and freedom that inspired me to write this hub. I fully agree the people of Egypt who took part in the revolution were courageous every step of the way. Their resistance and protest has been legendary. I am sure that the thoughts and prayers of many people all over the world are with Egypt people daily.

    • LauraD093 profile image

      Laura Tykarski 4 years ago from Pittsburgh PA

      This is a very informative and well written hub thank-you safiq ali patel. I have been watching the developments going on currently via CNN and mourn the fact that for the Egyptian people this fight may not yet be over. Their courage and fortitude is to be commended. I have a friend and former classmate living there now and haven't really heard much from her since Arab Spring. When she could again e-mail me she was jubilant with the prospect of change-Your hub reminded me that now may be a good time to contact her and see if everything is ok.

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 4 years ago from United States Of America

      Cuttler thank your for you comments and feedback. Africa worries and concerns many people all over the world. What has happened in Egypt is horrific. But we live in hope that somehow peace and prosperity will come to Africa for all African people...

    • cuttler profile image

      Cuttler 4 years ago from HubPages

      It's strange how our African leaders can be so power angry. The Egyptian revolt is a good example of the need of democracy and social change in Africa. A change which most of us will embrace with open arms In Kenya we are also facing the same problem but the paradigm shift that is taking place at the moment is a clear path to a brighter future. I pray for the day we shall have a democratic and free Africa. Great hub and thumbs up. Am so voting this up.

    • safiq ali patel profile image

      safiq ali patel 5 years ago from United States Of America

      Thank you for reading this TToombs08 and for your feedback.

    • TToombs08 profile image

      Terrye Toombs 5 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      A very in depth and informative piece on what's going on in Egypt. Thank you for presenting this and explaining the situation in Egypt.