Understanding Climate Change in the 21st Century and the Future
According to Fred Pearce (2015) there appears to be a relationship between climate change and shifts in the earth’s crust, which suggests that the world faces an upsurge in volcanic activity. With increasing global temperature (global warming) and the subsequent melting ice caps, emerging links show that this may result in volcanic eruptions. Following an analysis of data obtained from GPS receivers attached to the rocks in Iceland since 1995, Kathleen Compton from the University of Arizona found that in areas where the largest glaciers in the country were melting, they were rising by about 3.5 centimeters annually. This rise was also found to be higher as compared to other places. The finding suggests that the loss of ice relieves pressure on rocks beneath which in turn allows them to spring up. According to another study at the University of Oxford, John Crowley and his team discovered that huge eruptions in the Southern Ocean coincided with ice ages. According to these studies therefore, it was concluded that the redistribution of water resulting from climate change may elicit volcanic eruptions.
Treadmill of Production
The treadmill of production is one of the best concepts that can help us understand this issue. While developing the theory of the treadmill of production, Allan Schnaiberg was able to arrive at a number of important conclusions. For instance, he realized that during the third quarter of the 20th century, there had been substantial technological changes that were boosted by capital components from the substantial postwar economic boom, which had also resulted in increased productions and profits. These profits had been disproportionately applied to new physical technologies. On one hand, the technologies were inevitably more energy intensive and chemical intensive and less labor intensive on the other hand. Secondly, to amortize the costs of the new technology, production had to be substantially increased, which in turn increased demands for natural resources, expansion of waste streams as well as increased toxicity waste from increased use of chemicals. One of the most important points to note here is that capitalism set in motion a process that ultimately significantly affected the environment, causing climate change. While the theory does give much focus on production and consumption, it is evident that much of the production process has been influenced by capitalism. For instance, while machines were largely employed to enhance production, it is also true that they also reduced costs, but replacing human workers. However, this also demanded more raw materials, which increased production process. It is for this reason that oil has become one of the most important resources to date. However, with significant dependence and use of fossil fuel, global warming has resulted, which is one of the causes of increased melting ice caps.
According to Pearce (2015) findings suggest that this has increased chances of volcanic eruptions. From this line of through, it becomes evident that human activities may be the primary cause for increased rates of volcanic activities. Despite a number of conventions that have been held so far involving world leaders, a number of countries have remained to be a hindrance to the development and implementation of policies that would help reduce emission of greenhouse gases. This proves that economic growth of these nations has been given priority over environmental and climate concerns. With increasing global warming therefore, we will continue to experience more volcanic eruptions in the future. Here, therefore, it is safe to say that volcanic activities will increasing be as a result of human activities.