ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Violence Against Minorities the US

Updated on August 6, 2016

After events in Orlando Florida the conversation is once again on hate crimes in America. People, including myself, want to know why these heinous acts are committed, who is committing them, and who is ultimately affected by them. Violence has reached new highs in the U.S. causing new lows for community’s who lose their love ones, friends, and families. The only way to stop new crimes is to learn about them in order to prevent or stop the fatality’s before it is too late.

In order to understand a hate crime we must start from the beginning; what is a hate crime? Ultimately that is what violence toward a minority group is, a hate crime. Textbook definition tells us, hate crimes is intent to intimidate individual victims, members of victims’ community, other members or separate communities historically victimized by hate, these crimes are illegal in the U.S., although not as reported as other crimes. The most affected are minorities usually by groups like the KKK, anti-immigration groups who claim to warn people about the impact of illegal immigration, have in fanned debate by invoking dehumanizing, racist stereotypes and bigotry often sprouting invasion by immigrants will bring disease and violence, and corrupt Gov. Officials i.e. the police who have since January of 2016 had 564 people die in their custody.

Man visits pulse shooting victims memorial.
Man visits pulse shooting victims memorial. | Source

The U.S. and its citizens need to learn how to fix the root of our problem while systematically creating and passing laws to protect those who our targeted and punish those responsible for bring harm and fear to the victims. Passing laws that give minorities rights and imposing higher gun reform is the first step in the right direction. We need to also allow more research to be done for these crimes. Currently the CDC is forbidden from doing research by the GOP on Gun Violence in America, dismantling the death grip of the senate by the GOP is also a step forward to a safer future.

When I began my research I began looking up articles online, the first one that popped up told was in 2007; 51% or reported hate crimes were race based, 18.4% were based on religion, 16.6% on sexual orientation, and 13.3% on ethnicity. Comparatively to a 2014 survey by the same source the; HCSA (Hate Crime Statistics Act) bureau of the FBI, 48.5% were based on race, 20.8% on sexual orientation, 17.4% by religious bias, 11.1% ethnicity, and 8% or gender/gender-identity. So in theory race based crimes have gone down but crimes against people of other religion, sexuality, ethnicity, and gender have risen in only 7 years.

Although racial bias has gone down it does not mean it is gone, with it still being over half the reported crimes. The statistics also show us which race is still being targeted the most. In the 2007 HCSA report it says; 69% of race based hate crimes were committed against African Americans, 19% were committed against whites, 4.9% against Asian/pacific islander. Compared to the same HCSA report but from 2014 it says; 66.4% motivated against African Americans, 21.4% against whites, 4.6% Asian/Pacific Islanders, 4.3% on Native Americans/ Alaskans Natives. The report also showed that back in 2007 for 4 years in a row the highest rise was on Hispanic Americans and a rise in 6% on gay men and women.

Supporters at trump rally
Supporters at trump rally | Source

In an interview with Bernard Melekin, Director for the U.S. Dept. of Justice offices of community orientated Policing services (COPS) he talks about the role police play in the handling and treatment of hate crimes in the U.S., he says talked about community policing and what it means and deemed it a “a practice to the deliveries of police services that includes building relationships in solving the problems of the people that you serve”. He promptly added that a good example of community policing practice is when “building relationships with people of the community to help recognize it’s a part of their job to build relationships”. He explains to us just how community policing can help people address hate crimes by adding “ our job is to provide a venue where people can come together, to recognize to hate some or someone that you’ve had face to face contact with and put a human face to the police”.

Most people understand it’s hard to report a hate crime and as hard to collect data on that crime, when asked why Melekin answered “In order for an officer to classify something as a hate crime they must be able to identify the motive of the suspect and without it there is no classification”. Many discredit hate crime classification which in turn he told us why it’s so important to have a crime classified as a hate crime, “These crimes should always be looked at as a symptom of community’s health and not simply for its own sake”. He also offered an explanation on just how community policing serve victims’, “ the worst part of being a victim of assault on your essence, is being made to feel like things, like objects, like they don’t count, policing helps restore humanity and puts victims’ back into the fabric of their community’.

The last message that Melekin had to say was to the police department leaders of the U.S., “Police need to be put on a bigger city effort finding comment places of interaction and whether that is community gatherings, some neighborhood, places outside of crises, and to always take hate crimes seriously’. The interview helped give a lot of insight on how the police feel on hate crimes and their feeling on the importance of recognizing and classifying hate crimes.

During research it was surprising to see that while our society claims we are a more open and receiving society we need to work on and the stop the long history or crime and violence against minority groups from the color of ones skin to whom they choose to have in their bed at night. The only real way to stop the process is to call ourselves out on bias and put legislature for protective right on track as well as gun and police reform. No more events like Orlando or the deaths of kids like Mike Brown need to happen. We as a country need to step up to bigotry and racism and no longer turn a blind eye to brutality or institutional racism. There is white privilege and there is a wage gap and there is a way to stop violence.

© 2016 Nikki Bradstorm


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)