Voting in America: Should the Popular or Electoral Vote Prevail?
The most recent election in 2016 had a conflicted result that divided America: Trump won the electoral vote, while Clinton won the popular vote by 2-3 million votes, yet it was Trump that became POTUS.
This result (and others in the past) angered many and calls for using the popular vote instead of the electoral vote became discussed. I guess that is what happens when an election depends on two systems.
The Electoral Vote
This vote is based upon the number of senators and representatives a state has. So, for example, California has 55, Texas 38, Florida 29, Delaware 3, etc. If the popular vote favors either the Republican or Democrat party, then all of the electoral votes of the state that was won, goes to that winning party.
The founding fathers of America way back in 1776 or so, used the system to try to even things out among states that had larger populations and those that did not. What worked way back then, when America only had 13-25 states (it now has 50), has been criticized for being unfair, ironically. States like California are usually Democratic and have the most electoral votes of any state. It takes 270 electoral votes for a person to become POTUS in an election. This system has been in use since 1876. Prior to that, many states used the popular vote method.
The Popular Vote
This is the one vote, one person method that most nations use around the world. It makes sense and it is clear simply by counting each vote and a winner is declared. The Electoral system promotes candidates campaigning in a few big states with the most electoral votes and can give states with a smaller population much more voting power than a populous state.
Both types of methods are valid in determining POTUS, however, there is a growing call for using just the popular vote method due to the 2000 and 2016 elections where different candidates could rightly claim they had won.