War: A Fate of Millions.
“War”. One word. One picture: Horror and Destruction. War is perceived in two ways. The veracious side speaks out that the affect of war is destruction, death and distress to both opposing ends. While the impassive side views war as a goal to gain more economic resources or as a path of revenge. War is an outcome of a man’s nature of greed and desire. When merged together, these two key concepts result in aggression. Subsequently, desolation, bloodshed and anguish spurt out. It is believed that an individual understands and learns from formerly made faults; however, this claim objects to the theory of war. Wars have started ever since humans set foot onto the face of earth. They have been reoccurring throughout history due to the same reason: Politico-economic causes. The craving for more resources to expand land, gain wealth and power will soon result in the reduction of these valuable gems. If war is the solution to solving any worldwide economic conflict then we will soon drown in a whirlpool of our own ignorance and convergent thinking.
The seed that commences war is greed for additional resources and hatred between two rulers. This implanted seed that started out as a small harmless speck of greenery, soon sprouted out as thick, densely twisted thorns. An epitome would be World War One and World War Two. In world war one, European countries developed a feud against one another. Due to that, several alliances started to form, such as ‘The triple alliance’. The main cause of the First World War was the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who was next in heir of the Austrian empire, by a Serbian assassinator. The Austrian Empire has always felt ‘threatened’ by Serbia and therefore was looking for any cause that would permit them to declare war on Serbia. His assassination worked as the perfect solution. (L E Snellgrove, 1981) If it weren’t for man’s nature to abolish what intimidates them, then the First World War would not have occurred. Take for example, the modern crisis of the twentieth and twenty first century. War between Palestine and Israel has been taking place since 1948. In addition, the Arab spring that started in 2011 created many chaotic occurrences and happenings. News reports portray death scenes and chaos in these countries daily. Due to that, war in the Middle East became a regular thing through people’s eyes. The phrase ‘An Eye for an eye’ fits perfectly with any country that is keen to assist any side. Furthermore, terrorists used this to their advantage, and terrorism started to spread like wild fire through these terrorized nations. Moreover, war nowadays is in terms of “counter-terrorism”. Any country that claims to be aiding in eliminating these acts of terrorism is aggravating the situation at hand. These conflicts resulted in abundant victims of war: children, elders and women; in addition to, the birth of orphans widowers and widows. Environmental destruction is another crucial point. War demolishes every organism that roams that nation. The burnt-out grass, the cut-down trees and the smoke-filled air are all consequences of the ruinous aftermath. As a result, war creates a deep wound that eventually would heal to a noticeable huge scar.
Not only does war create pandemonium across the country, but it also conceives Patriotism, and illegal immigrants and refuges that later become an economic burden. The meaning of the word patriotism is the ultimate support for one’s nation. Most people are willing to sacrifice themselves to their country in order to portray their optimum support for their homeland; however, certain persons are able to see through all the falsified façade depicted by their corrupt government. Anti-Patriotism is the reason why a fundamental amount of individuals from the same country are seen as traitors or as conspirators. Arthur Schopenhauer (1890) stated:
Every miserable fool who has nothing at all of which he can be proud, adopts, as a last resource, pride in the nation to which he belongs; he is ready and glad to defend all its faults and follies tooth and nail, thus reimbursing himself for his own inferiority. (para.13)
Moreover, war is the central root of illegal immigrants and refugees. Take Syria for instance. Ever since the ongoing civil war in 2011, numerous Syrians have fled their country seeking a new home. These Syrian refugees, of all ages, are now scattered all around the world: Europe, Canada, Africa etcetera. Some have severe medical injuries; others have lost an unimaginable amount of loved ones. Nevertheless, many countries fear terrorist threats and attacks that may arise from these refugees and illegal immigrants. Furthermore, particular nations argue that these immigrants will be a heavy economic burden. Crime rates, and overpopulation are two factors that can affect the helping country. War creates havoc not just in its country but also throughout the world.
War is one of the foremost concepts mentioned in religions. Certain rules and regulations of war are written in all of the holy books from god. The United States government of Catholic Bishops proclaims that The Roman Catholic Church is against the whole idea of war. The Catechism of the Catholic Church states (1997):
The fifth commandment forbids the intentional destruction of human life. Because of the evils and injustices that accompany all war, the Church insistently urges everyone to prayer and to action so that the divine Goodness may free us from the ancient bondage of war. (2307)
In addition, Steven J. Cole, a 1976 Dallas Theological Seminary graduate who is now a pastor of Flagstaff Christian Fellowship, Flagstaff, Arizona clarifies the following quote in the New Testament:
Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the Lord. "But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals upon his head." Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. (12:17-21)
He explains it as to how the accurate reaction to being mistreated is to make good with your enemy. (Cole, 2013, para.6) Furthermore, The prophet Mohammed listed ten major keys that need to be followed before, during, and after war. These ten concepts were thoroughly explained by Fethullah Gülen, a Turkish preacher, opinion leader, poet and an authoritative Muslim polymath of the Sunni tradition. (“fgulen”, 2010) Gülen (n.d.) states:
“The second rule in Islamic law concerning war is that the enemy has to be a combatant. Those who are not combatants are regarded as innocent. Under this criterion of innocence, priests and monks cannot be assaulted, civilians cannot be harmed, children cannot be hurt, and women…” (Para.18)
This elucidates the first and sixth rule stated by the prophet Muhammad: “Do not kill any child, any woman, or any elder or sick person...Do not kill the monks in monasteries, and do not kill those sitting in places of worship.” (Blood is no argument, 2011)
Furthermore, The holy book of Quran legendarily states: “You shall not kill any person - for god has made life sacred - except in the course of justice.”(Qur’an 17:33). The international community of submitters asserts that the previously mentioned quote depicts how the murder of innocent individuals is heavily reprimanded in Islam. As it is displayed in the above paragraph, the two major religions in the world do not promote war and reflect war as a destructive and immoral entity.
Some critics contend that war results in technological advancement that later stem to economic growth. In “War and Technology,” Alex Roland, a professor of history at Duke University, argues how no major advancement in technology would occur if war did not happen. “ My propositions are these: (1) technology, more than any other outside force, shapes warfare; and, conversely, war (not warfare) shapes technology.” (Roland, 2009, para.5) Similarly speaking, as war wages between two nations, ideas begin to circulate on how to defeat a set opponent. Advancements in machinery, aircrafts, computers, Internet and space industries start to occur. However, the advancement of technology is not a valid reason for war to ensue. If millions of people are intended to sacrifice their lives for technological innovation then we would all be better off living in an era parallel to the Stone Age.
The occurrence of war is merely depended on the violent nature of man. It is perceived as immoral and malicious due to the disastrous happenings that befall: Death, destruction and dismay. Politico-economic causes have been the main purpose of all raging wars, especially those in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. In addition to chaos, war also results in immigrants and refuges that are later perceived as an economic burden. Furthermore, the top percentile of raging wars has been occurring in the Middle East. European countries and The United States of America are aiding these wars by claiming to be fighting terrorism. However, Muslims and Christians heavily populate the previously mentioned regions which is ironic since war is strongly condemned in their religions unless necessary. People tend to pick sides during war without thoroughly understanding what caused it. This results in aggression, hatred and pointless arguments. One should analyze and inform oneself in the matter at hand then start to select a desired side or more importantly consider a resolution. War is not a natural disaster therefore it is resolvable.