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Why Black History Is Celebrated

Updated on August 8, 2012

Importance of the Migration

In the Great Depression of 1930 the situation for blacks worsened, because the unemployment rate went two to three times that of whites. Blacks were the first to be laid off their jobs. The whites even made a law to be passed around to outlaw blacks from a lot of possessions (Strickland 10). An important event occurred to help black people escape from slavery in the depression of 1873.

Blacks in the north made undercover railroads in Kansas for slaves in the south to migrate to the north for freedom (Lapucia 4). African Americans were adapted by civil rights activist to emphasize arrogance in the ancient homeland (Strickland 9). Undercover railroads were built in Kansas for slaves in the south to migrate to the north for freedom (Lapucia 4). African Americans were adapted by civil rights activist to emphasize arrogance in the ancient homeland (Strickland 9). Two hundred thousand blacks served in the Union Army, which is an organization of people fighting for their own freedom (Lapucia 2). Black became a symbol of power and revolution.

In the 1900s the black population in the south was ninety percent of blacks in the north (Strickland 10). Since numerous factory jobs in the north were available (Strickland 10), black people migrated to the north leaving the poor white men in the south with no employees in the year of 1915 (Lapucia 7). Jobs became greater in the north than jobs in the south (Strickland 10). Norther industrial bosses promised blacks employment and supplied them with free railroad transportation. Despondent blacks seized the opportunity for a new life and began to leave the south in large numbers (Lapucia 9).

Black migration to the north was also a painful experience. Once the blacks became visible, the Jim Crow laws were passed, banning blacks from restaurants, theaters, hotels, and stores. The Y.M.C.A. erected black branches. In Washington, D.C. , the resolution to race problem was to deny its existence (Lapucia 12). Harlem has been the intellectual and cultural center of African Americans; it has been called a world itself, a symbol of liberty. In the year of 1935, during the Harlem Riot, the Harlem Renaissance ended (Lapucia 14).

Race riots occurred in Washington D.C., Chicago, Charleston, Knoxville, Omaha between the months of June and September and is in the year of 1919 (Reuben 2). Benjamin Brawley was a Social History of American History (Reuben 6). At a civic club dinner, black and white writers came together to consider New Black Movement. Opportunities book for black is called "Journal of Negro life-National Urban league with Charles S. Johnson as the editor (Reuben 13). Fifty percent of Harlem's families were unemployed (Reuben 24).

By 1930, twent-five percent of Harlem's population consisted of Caribbean immigrants. The islanders resented America's race system but their presence resulted frequently in interracial antagonism. The Caribbean immigrants could simply migrate to the United States, because there weren't any laws against them. Caribbean immigrants unified into groups whose aim was to alleviate racial tensions. Three of the groups were: The West Indian REform Association, The West Indian Committee on America, and The Foreign Born Citizen's Alliance. The aims of these groups were never fully realized because interracial antagonism was never overcome (Lapucia 18).

Black people have been through many difficulties migrating to Harlem. It had been a very long and devastating journey from slavery where whites beat, raped, disrespected, tortured, and hung to time where backs can now live equally amongst white people. The blacks worked very hard for this moment to be free and have a wealthy life. We should appreciate the history of black people, especially the ones that died for their freedom.

Works Cited

Lapucia, Betty. Migration North to the Promise Land. Yale, 2006.

Reuben, Paul P. "A brief introduction." Harlem Renaissance. Harlem, 2 March 2007.

Strickland, Michael R. A-To Z of African-American History. New York, 2000.


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