ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Why We Should Pass the ERA: Men and Women Are Different yet Equal

Updated on January 21, 2017
First Lady Betty Ford’s “Bloomer Flag”
First Lady Betty Ford’s “Bloomer Flag” | Source

What Does the ERA State?

According to the website, The Equal Rights Amendment (, the full text of the proposed Constitutional Amendment reads:

  • Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
  • Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
  • Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.

("The ERA: A Brief Introduction," para.1).

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, Early Women's Rights Activists in the USA


Women and Men: Two Halves of One Whole

Historically, human beings have held widely differing views of the essential natures of men and women and of the position that each gender should hold. Our world has seen societies that believe men are dominant, that believe women are dominant, and that believe male and female genders are essentially equal, though different. The ideology each culture holds sacred determines that culture’s perception of the nature of each gender, as well as setting roles and rules for all members of the society, of all genders (Gottner-Abendroth). Modern Western civilization has long held men as dominant, seeing women as child bearers and support for men and even going as far as interpreting Genesis 2:21 (in which God makes woman from man’s rib) as meaning that woman is lesser than man because she is created under man’s arm (The Holy Bible).

Arguably, women and men are simply different, but equal. Women and men fit together, like two halves of a whole, yin and yang. As one being, they represent the cosmic unity and creative power that can be seen as God. As one being, a fully realized male/female pair would be truly in the image of God (“The Principle…”).

Of course, most human beings in this world fall short of "full realization," at least during their lives on Earth. Human beings are quite limited mentally and spiritually, tragically. This might or might not be a permanent condition of human beings—the author hopes it is not permanent. The tragedy of human beings’ failure to grow to spiritual maturity while on the Earth is so devastating that one desperately hopes that humanity as a whole is progressing in our capability to grow to mental and spiritual maturity. One hopes that finally, human beings on Earth will reach a point of consciousness where we leave behind base emotions, thoughts, and will, and that human beings might perhaps even reach oneness with the higher power in the Universe, with God, during their lives on Earth, as a normal result of growing up centered on God (“The Principle…”).

At that point, the basic equality of men and women would be undeniable. Both are fully capable of the entire range of human abilities. Fitting together, complementing each other, the male – female pair contains the full circle of human nature, developed in each gender as passion develops through the levels of emotion, heart, will, intellect, and spirit. Additionally, men contain female nature in them and women contain male nature in them, and each individual human being is a unique expression of that nature. Thus, it is not possible to forcibly determine or limit a person’s role in society based on his/her gender; ideally, one should do what his/her unique character and ability fits him/her to do best. As such, both genders should have equal rights, equal respect, and equal responsibility in modern society. Men and women should live side by side as brother and sister under God. When they mate and marry, human beings should carry forth as one being, representing that Higher Power in all its perfectly- blended duality, a combination of their individual natures (“The Principle…”).

Legislation, social mores, and relationships should reflect this equality. There should be equal pay, equal opportunity in all areas of life and society, and equal respect for human beings of both genders. Though human beings will continue to live imperfect lives for many more centuries, we must attempt to see important human rights issues such as equal gender rights clearly, and the male and female genders should learn to live together as two different, yet equal, halves of one whole, in every way, including legally. The ERA, the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, should be passed to claim universal gender respect as a right for every person, and our society should uphold that value. Passing the ERA, thus making equal gender rights a formal part of the US Constitution, is important since gender equality is a basic human right that has been suppressed and denied throughout the history of this nation, however advanced other values of the United States might be. Americans should take responsibility to pioneer equal gender rights for the sake of all humanity.

Works Cited

"The ERA: A Brief Introduction." Overview. The Equal Rights Amendment. Alice Paul Institute/National Council of Women's Organizations. 9/9/2012. Web. 1/13/2013.

“The Principle of Creation.” Divine Principle . 5th Ed. New York, N. Y.: Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, 1977. Print.

The Holy Bible. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1971. Print. Revised Standard Version.

Gottner-Abendroth, Heide. "The Structure of Matriarchal Societies." Revision 21.3 (1999): 31. Academic Search Premier. Web. 18 Dec. 2011.

Why We Should Pass the ERA: Men and Women Are Different yet Equal

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • healingsword profile imageAUTHOR

      Ann Wehrman 

      6 years ago from California


      Thank you so much!

    • vanillavelvet profile image

      Angela Hart 

      6 years ago

      Fantastic perspective!! Thank you! xoxoxo

    • healingsword profile imageAUTHOR

      Ann Wehrman 

      6 years ago from California

      Hi Right Black,

      I appreciate your reading my Hub and commenting. I hope that we can agree to disagree. I believe that discrimination against women is rampant in our culture, as well as that of other nations. While men love women, they do not always understand or respect them, just as men often fail to fully understand and respect themselves. Women, also, sell ourselves short.

      Women's liberation was needed because both men and women failed to see the genders as equal and our society reflected that by giving women fewer rights, lower pay, and less freedom. While the Women's Lib movement won some ground, that can be easily lost and forgotten. The ERA is not only about equality on the job.

      Please follow this link,,

      to the ERA website, an article explaining why we need the Amendment. There are other important areas on that site, such as the FAQ page,,

      that share more significant details. Check it out; you might be surprised.

      Regarding your question or statement, do I believe that when a man and woman are married, they become a god? No, what I wrote is that when a "fully realized" man and woman become one, they are in the image of God. By fully realized, I mean completely mature, completely unselfish, like Christ, having Christ-consciousness, pure and holy. When two in that state become one, that is the image of God/a complete union of male and female energy and matter.

      I am speaking of an ideal that unfortunately is not yet reality for human beings; whom do you know that is on that spiritual level? However, since we are potentially those realized people, we should treat each other with respect due to the perfected person dormant inside. That means that both mean and women should be guaranteed all rights, equally, before the law. Making it Constitutional would strengthen that guarantee--thus, the ERA.

      Do I believe single people are in the image of God? I do believe that we are each a child of God, but no human is complete within him/herself--we are meant to mate and become one with our mates centered on God. Again, like politics, religion and spiritual topics can become quite controversial, and I am content to agree to disagree.

      Thank you again for your comments.

    • Right Black profile image

      Right Black 

      6 years ago from Huntington Beach, California

      healingsword, there are some things I'm not sure I understand. Are you saying that when a man and woman get married they have become a god? You also say that we are the image of God. I've read the Bible and think it says that all people are made in God's image, including single people.

      I don't think there is a need for the ERA because we have amendments that already give full rights to women. More women are enrolled in colleges than men. Women with equal education tend to make the same per hour as their male counterparts until the take years off during the years they raise their children. The reason men seem to make more is because we tend to work more overtime or multiple jobs.

      Of course the genders are equal and I think this country has done much to make sure that we are treated equal in most areas. One exception that I find is when a couple divorces it is typically the man who is treated unequal. Or when their is a pregnancy the man has no right to tell a woman what to do with her body even though the baby in her womb is the product of both bodies.

      The ERA as I understand it only addresses the work place and asks us to not just give equal rights but guarantee equal results. My wife is definitely my equal but sometimes she has better results than I.

    • healingsword profile imageAUTHOR

      Ann Wehrman 

      6 years ago from California

      Hi Om,

      Thanks for reading my Hub and for your comment! Haha, women better than men--not sure I am with you there. It took a long time for me to learn to actually like women, though as a woman, I deeply love those of my gender--odd, right? Both sexes have a lot to change, but yes, it's unbelievable that men and women are seen as unequal.

    • Om Paramapoonya profile image

      Om Paramapoonya 

      6 years ago

      Nah....I disagree. I think women are wayyyyyy better than men. hahaha Just kidding. Of course, we're all equal. Great hub! It was a good read. :)


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)