The Gender Gap - Highest and Lowest Rated Countries, 2014
The World Economic Forum Gender Gap Index
According to its website, the World Economic Forum is an independent international organization dedicated to bringing positive change to the state of the world. It seeks to interact with in the business, political, and academic arenas in order to influence the shape of global, regional and corporate agendas.
The World Economic Forum began in 1971 and produces a variety of reports including The Global Gender Gap Index. In this report, WEF rates the world’s countries in terms of gender inequality issues. According to experts at CountryWatch, the Global Gender Gap Index assesses the gender inequality gap in four areas:
1. Economic participation and opportunity (salaries and high skilled employment participation levels)
2. Access to education opportunities (access to basic and higher level education)
3. Sufferage and access to political arenas (representation in decision-making structures)
4. Health issues and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio)
World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index - Highest and Lowest Rated Countries, 2014
As of the latest report in 2014, the 20 highest ranking countries in World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index ranked as follows:
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- United States
The following countries ranked lowest in the World Economic Forum's Gender Gap Index:
- Cote d' Ivoire
- Saudi Arabia
The United Nations' Gender Inequality Index
The United Nations puts out a more comprehensive measure that takes into account nine criteria, including:
- Gender inequality index value (as of 2013)
- Gender inequality index rank (as of 2013)
- Maternal mortality ratio (as of 2010)
- Adolescent birth rate
- Share of seats in parliament
- Population with at least some secondary education (age 25 +, female, 2005-2012)
- Population with at least some secondary education (age 25 +, male, 2005-2012)
- Labor force participation rate (15+, female, 2012)
- Labor force participation rate (15+, male, 2012)
The UN cites the following definitions for the given criteria:
Gender Inequality Index:
The Gender Inequality Index is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievement between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment and the labor market.
Maternal mortality ratio:
The maternal mortality ratio refers to the number of deaths due to pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births.
Adolescent birth rate:
Number of births to women ages 15–19 per 1,000 women ages 15–19.
Share of seats in national parliament:
This category refers to the proportion of seats held by women in a lower/ single house or /and an upper house/ senate expressed as percentage of total seats. For countries with bicameral legislative systems, the share of seats is calculated based on both houses.
Population with at least some secondary education:
This category refers to the percentage of the population ages 25 and older who have reached (but not necessarily completed) a secondary level of education.
Labor force participation rate:
Refers to the portion of a country’s working-age population (ages 15 and older) that engages in the labor market, either by working or actively looking for work, expressed as a percentage of the working-age population.
The United Nations' Gender Inequality Index, Highest and Lowest Rated Countries, 2014
The 20 highest rated countries in the UN's Gender Inequality Index included:
- United States
- New Zealand
- United Kingdom
- Hong Kong, China
- South Korea
The 20 lowest rated countries in the UN's Gender Inequality Index included:
- Congo, Democratic Republic
- Central African Republic
- Sierra Leone
- Burkina Faso
- Côte d'Ivoire