ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Abundant Ocean Bacteria SAR11 Shaped By Nature__A Key To Human Survival For Coastal Husbandry

Updated on April 23, 2013

At Bottom of Marine Food Chain

SAR 11 (Pelagibacteraceae) bacteria is one of the most abundant life form discovered by scientiststs recently in the mid-90s. It is now known that several varieties of SAR 11 microbe exist in all of today's oceans around the globe.

Scientific measurements take in certain coastal waters of the United States have found more than a million of these life forms in one milliliter of seawater. One milliliter is less than a tea spoon of liquid.

Knowledge of this life form is still emerging as of today in the second decade of 21st Century.

Sequencing of the SAR 11 genes have been done at several university labs around the world and information from approximately 1000 to 2000 genes that SAR 11 cell reveals knowledge that canbe vital for coastal sea conservation and marine husbandry innovations from now to future.

SAR 11 has one of the most efficiently designed genome of any known microbes including other forms of bacterias.

For example, a pathogenic bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) first discovered in 1882 is known to have about twice as many genes as SAR 11.

We Humans , thanks to the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP) , is now known to have about 25,000 genes. That's much less than what was expected before HGP was completed in 2003 at USA.

SAR 11 has existed, shaped by natural selection to have highly efficient genetic structure. This genetic code allow them to survive and proliferate in ocean water where the dead organic material is present in abundance.

In the marine ecological food chain, SAR 11 is at the bottom of the food chain. It feeds on the dead organic life forms and removes both carbon, phosphorous, and nitrogen to provide a cleaning effect to water .

As well, SAR 11 provides nutrient food material for algae, a plant life form that grow in the next level of food chain in ocean and coastal regions.

Both SAR 11 and algae are part of the socalled Planktonic Ocean environment that essentially creates the hidden "Forest" in many Coastal Sea regions and other locations of Ocean geography.


SAR 11 Ecological Nich In Ocean Life

Rapid Transfer of useful genes among members of the bacterial species is an important efficiency element of its genetic code suited to ecological nitch in the food chain of ocean life that has enabled ifor this life form to survive and proliferate across all waters of the Ocean.

under various temperature and physical conditions that exist in the ocean regions such as tropical as well as artic zones, Sar 11 presence is prolific and important first level on the food chain.

In this way, SAR 11 is the anti-thesis of the Dinaosaurs and other life forms that existed in the past and now disappeared from the earth.

SAR 11 has existed on earth prior to the dinosaurs, prior to emergence driven by natural selection process of earlier mammal ancestors of modern primates such as humans.

Finally, the challenge of global climate change surely will be a key challenge before us to address the global carbon cycle topiic.

In this context, SAR 11's life cycle at the bottom of the ocean's food chain is an existing "web and rock of life" that we humans have only recently begun to understand through science and technology innovation cultures existing today across the globe.

Due to their important function in the food chain of ocean life, the SAR11 specie has proliferated and survived when many other species such as the dinasours have disappeared forever.

What is possible of course, humans learn from the lesson of genetic adoption of SAR 11 in a beneficial and contributory way that will allow future survival in the marine and land environments rather than go the way of the Dinosaurs have gone long before emergence of humanity as we know now and as new knowledge emerges from this generation to next.

Isn't survival of genes passed to next generation most important priority as nature has designed humans in geological time scale, writen in our genetic code as in case of SAR11, a most succesful life form on earth today ?

Challange of Human Population Growth - And Coastal Husbandry Needs & Priorities For Food, Recreation, and Ecological Conservation


In the coming years, as human population continue to increase on earth in a geometric fashion as expected, conservation and ecological husbandry of coastal sea will become more important than ever before.

Knowledge and application of SAR 11's survival and prolification can thus provide the challenges of human survival from this generation to generations of humans yet to come.

Photo Album 01__Ocean Husbandry

Click thumbnail to view full-size

Music of The Sea - Bridge to Arts and Science


Adapt to Survive_Mandate of Nature - Lessons from SAR11 & Dianosaurs__For Humanity


Coastal Virginia__Marine Bio


Please search Internet on following topic for additional clarity and follow up ideas:

Fairfax Tidewater Community Twining Project C2C__Virginia Prototype

Marine Bio__Shaped By Nature


My New Group at LinkedIn.Com. - Welcome !


Guestbook Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      please, get an editor. your writing abilities distract from what little information you actually have to offer.