Results are invariant within certain degrees of freedom, assuming that you did the study correctly. Standards are arbitrary. For example if I were extracting something from a lifeform, or synthesizing something in the lab, one standard would say 100 micrograms of the product is plenty, the other might say it is not enough.or.If I were to take a swab of one room in a hospital and enumerate the organisms present, some would say a certain level is acceptable, and the others would not. The set of parameters in a standard as a basis of comparison is dependent on whom you agree with.
For labs you might want to google ISO 9000
I am sorry, I was answering as a scientist.. Social and political issues are harder to gauge, because by their very nature there are too many variable, i.e. the participants.
Equality of results : If someone were to donate just an arbitrary number of 100 Billion dollars to charity, the result of that donation should not matter where the money was placed as long as it resulted in the upliftment of Humanity, in general.
Equality of Standards: I would assume that if we were doing a study, social or scientific, the merit of something would be the same as it is the intrinsic rather than extrinsic measurement. For example, who is to say that a Rodin's sculpture will be more or less valuable than a Monet painting or a composition by Mozart? Who is to say that the donation made to a writer to produce his works is less valuable than building an irrigation system in one of the countries in Africa?