The need for global trade is (from ancient times) that goods and resources are distributed unevenly on this planet. That is why people trade goods. Advanced nations have a tendency to neglet that fact. Advanced economies are mostly very much service oriented economies. But service is nothing you can trade. So all those nations with too much service in their GDP have to import more goods and resources than than export. Those economies run trade deficits. If that gets chronical over a longer period of time, it hurts the economy and people in charge may start to think about protectionism.
Today world economy is divided into those economies who produce (more than consume) and those who consume (more than produce). I think you don´t find any economy from the producers, who favour protectionism. But a lot of countries on the consumer side certainly think about limiting market access, imposing import taxes ... As their advanced economies are service dominated and having little producing capability, the interesting part is that protectionism doesn´t help, because not importing or making imports expensive only hurts economy.