Now a days I see a lot of people batting for e-learning and other non-conventional modes of learning and arguing that how it can improve the literacy rate among the developing countries but I don't see a far reaching effect of such practices on ground zero because the ground zero belongs to that section of society which usually find it hard to sustain their family through their daily labour. An internet connectivity and computer availability for such families may very well be a far fetched dream. E-learning can be a blessing for well off and dedicated students having good financial background, but in case of countries like India, where parents find it hard to admit their children to a good school (which is sure to make a big hole in their pockets) and by good I mean having basic infrastructure of labs computers and good faculties, it can increase the quality of education for sure, but the purpose of increasing the literacy rate may still not be achieved.
But situation is still not as grim as I made it sound. I think the government is doing a good job as off now. The main objective should remain to make school available to children from poor background and far off areas. Different government and NGO programs like aanganwadi schools, mid day meals, subsidised government schooling etc. are of great help. But since this question is about e-learning, I will not digress from the topic.
The other problem with e-learning is the lack of infrastructure necessary for it. There may be a school in a village but asking it to have internet connectivity for e-learning, in my mind, is too much to ask. Other issues may the language problem (as in general people tend to use English language for computer oriented projects) and the degree of comfort of people with technology. Many of the answers to your question suggested that the social workers can help in this task but I doubt that government and NGOs have that much of man power for a substantial effect. But nevertheless, such efforts are much appreciated.
In my final comments, I would like to summarise that e-learning may become a revolution in near future in education but it will remain a revolution for few if it does not make inroads to the poor section of the society.