Liberals believe that government is the solution to most things. Anytime a budget is cut, there are protests. As an example, the governor of Massachusetts has been forced to make cuts. There is an uproar here because schools laid off teachers, that a satellite office benefitting single mothers on welfare is closing, that unemployment benefits are not being extended. Liberals don't understand that government can't pay for everything. They cry foul when their benefits are reduced or cut.
Conservatives believe that LESS government is the solution, that individuals and businesses, if left alone, would solve many of society's ills. They believe that if the economy were strong, that if more people were able to obtain and maintain a job, that there would be less of a need for welfare, shelters, and unemployment. Conservatives point to historical tax revenue data that demonstrates how every time taxes were LOWERED, tax revenue INCREASED. As a result, the government has more money to help those in need while at the same time there are fewer people in need.
So, the same goal, just two different ways of achieving this goal.
One thing that the media in Massachusetts totally ignores, unfortunately, is politicians refuse to cut back THEIR salaries. They refuse to trim their office budgets, reduce their staff, and reduce their expenses. So, many people are rightfully complaining about cuts all while there is so much waste in government. This is a difference between liberals and conservatives - conservatives actually mention government waste. Unfortunately, they never really change anything, which makes conservatives more hypocritical in general.
Back to the Massachusetts example. The solution by the Democrats (liberals) who control the state was to raise taxes. (Conservatives, on the other hand would've lowered taxes and enacted laws to benefit "big business.") Unfortunately, instead of more tax revenue, there was significantly less than expected. None are questioning why there's such a huge shortfall in tax revenue. Their reason is simply because the economy is in a recession due to the Bush policies. And so, most people resign themselves to complain about all the cuts, but continue to vote in the same people year after year
So that's one area where conservatives and liberals differ. There are many more issues that can be discussed. As a start, simply google "difference conservative liberal" and you'll find many articles, all with their own spin.