The confusion sometimes lies within the assumption that the simple exercise of freedom of speech is a carte blanche for the expression and licence to say something without responsibility or care to its consequences .
In Scotland we accept that freedom without licence is not acceptable .The old saying states "Your Freedoms end at my nose ."
You may exercise freedom but understand that consequences for that freedom restricting my freedom and wellbeing may be onerous.
The European Convention on Human Rights defines the limits of freedom and the reasons for such necessary restrictions.
Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. this right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.
The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or the rights of others, for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence, or for maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary.