ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Child Labour And Child Exploitation

Updated on July 9, 2020
M Drsleep profile image

It hurts me alot when i see the innocents doing work at hotels instead of playing in grounds.

Child labour

Child labour is a curse that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.

A sizeable number of growing children of poor socioeconomic class especially in rural areas are known to be inducted as child labour. Studies have shown that labour at very young ages can have dire consequences on the child's development, both physical and mental. Child labourers always had lower growth and health status compared to their non-working counterparts, besides exposure to occupational hazards at a very young stage in their lives.

The Declaration of the Rights of the Child and our own Constitution has laid down that childhood and youth should be protected against exploitation. A convention established 15 as minimum work age for most sectors while permitting light work from age 13, provided that such work was unlikely to harm child's health, morals and safety or prejudice his school attendance.

International Survey

Surveys by International Labour Organization in 1990 found that over 79 million children under the age of 15 years were obliged to work. According to The World Counts website 2020, more than 200 million children today globally are child labourers, out of those, 73 million of these children are below 10 years old. An estimated 120 million are engaged in hazardous work. In some cases, children as young as 5 years have been reported to be in paid employment. Africa and Asia dominate the data on child labour. The scenario has not changed much to the present time.

Forced child labour is present in all regions and kinds of economy. For the most part, there is neither official data on the incidence of forced labour nor a widespread awareness among society at large that forced labour is a problem.

Child Labour in Domestic Service

Children in domestic service are the most invisible child labourers. Their work is performed within individual homes, removed from public scrutiny and their conditions of life and labour are entirely dependent on the whims of their employers. The number of children involved in domestic service around the world is unquantifiable because of the hidden nature of the work, but it certainly runs into millions. Many of these children are girls, and in many countries, domestic service is seen as the only avenue of employment for a young girl, though in some places, such as Nepal and South Africa, boys are more likely to be domestic workers than girls Children exploited in domestic service are generally paid little or nothing over and above food and lodging. In addition, children in domestic service are especially susceptible to physical and psychological harm. Many are forced to undertake tasks that are completely inappropriate for their age and physical strength. Another form of forced labour is debt bondage, whatever the origin of the debt, it leaves children under complete control of a money lender in a state little distinguishable from slavery.

India fosters the largest number of child labour in the world. Child labour contributes about 20 per cent of India's GNP. Child workers work for 12 hours at an average every day. Jammu and Kashmir have the highest percentage of child labour, where children are mainly engaged in the carpet weaving industry. The other fields where child labour is used is in agriculture, planting, mining, building, construction, garbage picking, cashew decoding and processing, cloth printing, dyeing and weaving.

Causes

Child labour is rooted in poverty, unemployment and lack of education. A great deal of effort is needed to eliminate these basic causes. It is felted that instead of proliferating the laws relating to children, all the statuary provisions of various Acts relating to children should be grouped in one comprehensive code of children. It is not feasible to abolish child labour entirely in the present context, but it is expedient to protect such children against abuse, exploitation and health hazards, and regulate the conditions of work in occupations where child labour is permitted.

Orphaned Children

Orphaned children are much more vulnerable to protection violations. The death of a parent, in situations where no adequate alternative care systems are in place, opens up a protection gap. Children living on their own are at much greater risk of abuse and exploitation. Assessments by the International Labour Organization have found that orphaned children are much more likely than non-orphans to be working in commercial agriculture, as street vendors, in domestic service and in the sex trade.

Children Trafficking

Child Trafficking is the unconditional worst form of child labour and exploitation. Trafficking of children takes many different forms. Some children are forcibly abducted, others are tricked and still, others opt to let themselves be trafficked by the promise of earnings, but not suspecting the level of exploitation they will suffer at the other end of the recruiting chain. Trafficking always involves a journey whether within the country or across the international border. The relocation takes children away from their families, communities and support network, leaving them isolated and utterly vulnerable to exploitation. Collection data about these children is very difficult. It is estimated that trafficking affects about 1.2 million children each year.

Elements of Child Protective Environment


Elements of Protective Environment for Children; 1. Strengthening the capacity of families and communities to care and protect children. 2.Government commitment to child protection by providing budgetary support and social welfare policies targetted at the most excluded and invisible children. 3.Ratification and implementation of legislation both National and International, concerning Children's rights and protection. 4.Prosecution of perpetrators crimes children and avoidance of criminalizing child victims. 5. An open discussion by civil society and media about attitudes, prejudices, beliefs and practices that facilitate or lead to abuses. 6.Availability of basic social services to all children without discrimination. 7.Monitoring, transparent reporting and oversight of abuses and exploitation. The key to build pra protective environment is the responsibility of members of the society ensuring that children are not exploited. While families and the State have the primary responsibility for protecting children ongoing. To recover, the sustained efforts of individuals and organizations at all levels are essential to break patterns of abuse.

World Day Against Child Labour

Every year, the international community commemorates the World Day against Child Labour on June 12. This year, as the world confronts an unprecedented pandemic, children face an increased risk of child labour, child marriages and other forms of exploitation. The COVID 19 public health emergency has disrupted the right to education for children across the world. Now it is our moral duty to spread awareness about the adverse mental and physical torture faced by children forced into child labour.

UN Documentary

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Urooj khan121 profile image

      Urooj Khan 

      2 weeks ago from Karachi, Pakistan

      This is a serious issue that needs to be addressed. I appreciate that you spoke on this neglecting issue. keep up the good work.

    • M Drsleep profile imageAUTHOR

      Munawar Hussain 

      2 weeks ago from kot adu

      Hi Fakhar,

      Thank you for Reading.

      Hopefully we all together will take steps to erase this evil in our surroundings.

    • fakharshabir profile image

      Fakhar Shabir Malik 

      2 weeks ago from Punjab, Pakistan

      good and informative one. hope we pay attention to eradicate this evil from our society.

    • M Drsleep profile imageAUTHOR

      Munawar Hussain 

      2 weeks ago from kot adu

      Thank you for Reading and appreciating,Abby slutsky

    • Abby Slutsky profile image

      Abby Slutsky 

      2 weeks ago from Pennsylvania

      This is a very informative article and a very sad situation. Thank you for sharing.

    • M Drsleep profile imageAUTHOR

      Munawar Hussain 

      3 weeks ago from kot adu

      Anupam yeah you are right

    • Anupam Mitu profile image

      Anupam Mitu 

      3 weeks ago from MUMBAI

      Great concern. We need to look into this matter seriously.

    • M Drsleep profile imageAUTHOR

      Munawar Hussain 

      3 weeks ago from kot adu

      Thank you Pamela, for your appreciation

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      3 weeks ago from Sunny Florida

      I think child labor is horrible. I wish the child labr laws would be effectivw in every country around the world, but tht doesn't happen. I think this is a very relevant article. Munawar, I think this article makes some very important statements.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)