Gloria Macapagal Arroyo | President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo,14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born: April 5, 1947), 14th and outgoing president of the Philippines. She is the country's second female president, and the daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal and Evangelina Macaraeg-Macapagal. She entered the senatorial race in the 1992 election and ranked 13th in the elections. Arroyo began her term as Vice President on June 30, 1998. Her first term in the presidency lasted in the year 2001 up to 2004 after the former president Estrada ousted from the office. Then in 2003, she declared that she will run again in the office as president that won her the position that lasted in the year 2010. She is currently one of the congresswomen in the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga.
President Arroyo was born Maria Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal to politician Diosdado Macapagal and her wife, Evangelina Macaraeg Macapagal. She attended Assumption Convent for her elementary and high school education, graduating valedictorian in 1964. Arroyo then studied for two years at Georgetown University's Walsh School of Foreign Service in Washington, D.C. where she was a classmate of future United States President Bill Clinton and achieved consistent Dean's list status. She then earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics from Assumption College, graduating magna cum laude in 1968.
Macapagal-Arroyo joined the Philippine government in 1986 as Undersecretary of Trade and Industry. During her tenure in the Senate, she authored 55 laws on economic and social reform and was named outstanding Senator several times. When she was elected Vice President, she was appointed as concurrent Secretary of Social Welfare and Development, a post she held until her resignation from the Cabinet on 12 October 2000.
The President of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, holds many records. Elected as Senator during her first try in politics in 1992, she was re-elected Senator in 1995 with nearly 16 million votes, the highest number of votes in Philippine history at that time. She was elected Vice President of the Philippines in 1998 with almost 13 million votes, the largest mandate in the history of presidential or vice presidential elections. She was sworn in as the 14th President of the Philippines on 20 January 2001 by Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. after the Supreme Court unanimously declared the position of President vacant, the second woman to be swept into the Presidency by a peaceful People Power revolution (EDSA II). In 2004 she won the Presidential elections for a fresh mandate, winning with one million votes over her closest opponent.
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