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The principles and canons of campus journalism in the Philippines

Updated on April 11, 2013

Code of Ethics in Philippine journalism

By all accounts, student journalism is never stationary, it always responds to student ingenuity and changing times

Perhaps, some of us don’t know precisely the definitions of journalism. A prolific and popular journalist and writer, Jose A. Quirino, defines journalism as “literature in a hurry.”
Perhaps, some of us don’t know precisely the definitions of journalism. A prolific and popular journalist and writer, Jose A. Quirino, defines journalism as “literature in a hurry.”

The school organ is a perfect instrument to unite the broken pieces of human’s thoughts

At the outset, I would like to begin by quoting the article of Elena Tanodra in the Principles of Campus Journalism. According to her, the success of the campus newspaper depends to a large extent on the adviser or moderator. Training the student staff members well and directing their work properly requires expertise on the job. In addition to the mastery of language and a broad background in liberal arts and sciences, the competent adviser nowadays must have undergone adequate training in newspaper principles and practice in a training school in journalism or through diligent self-study.

Practice in a training school in journalism or through diligent self-study should be utterly quadrated with the canons of journalism and principles of journalism which will serve as general guide to all engaged journalists, most especially those media practitioners in the Philippines. Yes, it is true that we have the universal principles of journalism and canons of journalism, but the journalists should not resort to ignorance or nonchalance and must be aware at all times of the contents and practices as far as the real field of journalism is concerned.

Let me cite also the extracted article of SexyDoctorsWithPens, it said canons of journalism take center stage at all times. They also serve as a “moral guide,” not only the journalists but also the people outside of the print and broadcast media industry. There is nothing to worry about, as long as the writer’s conscience is very clear. In the end, nobody can question all the writers because they follow what they think is right for the “good of all” and perhaps for the benefits of everyone.

Each campus journalist oftentimes hears inside the classroom that school journalism is a big business today, financially and educationally. In fact, the huge sum invested by advertisers, students and schools points out the extent of the undertaking. By all accounts, student journalism is never stationary, it always responds to student ingenuity and changing times, and the present period is exceptionally active one, with significant trends.

Perhaps, some of us don’t know precisely the definitions of journalism. A prolific and popular journalist and writer, Jose A. Quirino, defines journalism as “literature in a hurry.” This is so, because day-to-day newspaper reporters seldom have the luxury of time in writing their news stories; they have deadlines to meet. Another well-known journalist F. Fraser Bond defines journalism as “something that embraces all forms in which and through which the news and comments on the news reach the public. All that happens in the world, if such happenings hold interest for the public, and all the thoughts, actions, and ideas which these happenings stimulate become materials for the journalist.”

One of the ways that the students can express their feelings is to put up a school organ. The school organ has been playing an important role in representing the student’s side for times in different schools not just locally but also internationally—it is a universal thing. So, it is a necessity for an educational institution to establish such a nice paper. To fully unite the views and points of students, the school organ is a help.

There are times that criticism and discrimination are observed in school, too. Those poor and pitiful ones are being mocked and punished by those oppressive ones. In general, the school organ is an instrument used to chastise those merciless beings who continually pursue their aggressive behaviors—teachers and students alike.

On this matter, the students can rely on the school organ and other related information to state their sides and clear things up that cause the trouble around the campus while the people behind the school organ will try to investigate and track the responsible person to get his side for better understanding and coordination among the people of the school. The school organ is like a police headquarter that is sworn to protect the rights of the students and act on calls of its constituents.

Maybe the school organ is the one main thing which is lacking of other public university. It might be the answer to the call of cleaning the already ill-favored reputation of our school. Others are afraid to study because they think that we are nothing but ill-mannered. I have heard feedback from other private learning institutions that our school is the forerunner of bad guys because they have concluded that most of the students are rude and brusque, but I just don’t pay too much attention about that time-wasting topic because I believe that this school is the best among others, as far as private schools are concerned.

This paper might just turn things upside down. We might be praised because we already had a school organ that is concerned with this learning institution and its activities or agenda. Let’s just hope that our time of excellence, as well as greatness has come, especially in the public schools, although we have meager resources.

We can’t brush aside or ignore the fact that people have different philosophies in their lives. We are parted away by their expectations and opinions. The school organ is a perfect instrument to unite the broken pieces of human’s thoughts. This is the best way to exercise our freedom of speech and the right to utter the words that we are likely to say. At this time, unity is the answer to a problem which is possible to work out. If there’s unity, there is progress!

As for me, a school organ caters to the needs of students in relation to the affairs and improvement of the school. The development, as well as improvement of the school is the paper’s vision while helping the students express themselves in their mission. In that way, I believe that there will be a good interaction or harmonious relationship between the faculty and students.

A true campus paper has no rooms for baseless and unfounded reports, articles and opinions. It singles out to publish a controversial issue and to let it be raised candidly and vehemently without necessarily inviting any court suit for libel. If the learning institution cannot tolerate a maximum militancy, at least some crucial, related, scholarly, veritable and concrete pieces of research and reporting will do. It takes just a little skill to be able to deliver iconoclastic notions in very distinct or vivid languages and styles that are respectable and acceptable by the reading and viewing public—the masses.

The administrative strategies concentrated on the manipulation of student affairs; for example, censorship of articles has already been rampantly practiced. Students who are wearing signs of protests against the oppressive educational system are either threatened or bullied. A struggle limited only on the campus cannot win, for our real foe is the imperialist with its local cohorts who perpetuate the existing neo-colonial and semi-feudal conditions of the Philippines. Through these existing problems, the campus paper can serve as a progressive student populace with canons of journalism and structural consciousness.

The canons of journalism are the best weapon to curb our thoughts and, at the same time, restrain from bandying about infallible scuttlebutt concerning administrative matters if they are deemed necessary. For the information of everyone, there are 7 significant things as quoted and created for ethical mileage by different editors and writers in both local and international newspapers. Thus, the canons of journalism are as follows: 1) Responsibility; 2) Freedom of the Press; 3) Independence; 4) Sincerity, Truthfulness, Accuracy; 5) Impartiality; 6) Fair Play; and 7) Decency.

In conclusion, the Department of Education should promote the regular occurrence of these academically-oriented forums. The future success of the country is dependent upon the youth's outlook of life, so it wouldn't be better for them to develop into more productive citizens while the time copiously allows them with vital parts of the efforts to improve the youth's lives and help shape the present society.

Important Quotes in Journalism

"Journalism is the window of one's soul because it perks up the senses of an individual to write."

"If you can't grasp at the journalistic parlance according to the usage, grasp directly at its fundamental truth and worth."

According to Education Secretary Armin Luistro...

“Republic Act No. 7079, also known as the Campus Journalism Act of 1991, aims to promote awareness and develop young talents in journalism. It is also intended to uphold and protect the freedom of the press at the campus level.”

“Education Secretary Armin Luistro will grace the almost weeklong press conference. The aim of the national conference is to enhance the capability of the students in news gathering, news writing, radio and TV broadcasting and editorial writing and even digital news generation. The 2013 National Press Conference competition will include home line writing and desk top publishing.”


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    • kimian55 profile image

      Kim Ian Tumblod 11 months ago from Philippines