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International Migrants Day

Updated on November 17, 2014

Make Migrant Voices Heard

The "United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families defines migrant worker as; The term "migrant worker" refers to a person who is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national.

Persons who are from poor regions migrate to affluent countries or areas of their own country to seek a job or find some lucrative work. These are the people who are in search of a bright future. They migrate from their native region to foreign lands or their nearby places in their own country to earn living. They travel and leave their home and hearth in search of a good future. Many times they leave the place for good and starts living on the other place. Migrants are everywhere in the world. 3.1 percent of the total population of the world consists of migrants. If we count this percentage in number than 213 million people are migrant which means one out of 33 persons is a migrant ,this may be the fifth largest country of the world. 49 % are women. All the migrants send almost 450 million US dollars as remittances.

People from impecunious regions migrate to prosperous urban areas. They become a source of urbanization. The migration from rural to urban areas is a problem in itself. The population of cities is increasing and at many places it produces negative effects on the economy of the state. Whatever the merits or demerits of this phenomena is different issue but the migrants are there and in large numbers everywhere. They are exploited and misbehaved at many places of the world. They face all kind of social problems in the new area. They have no houses of their own. They do not know the language of the hosts. They are not familiar with the laws and customs of the country where they go. Keeping in view their problems and difficulties the United Nations started observing a day called International migrants day on 18th December.


UN General Assembly proclaimed on 4 December 2000 that 18th December would be observed as the migrants’ day every year. It is an observance and there is no holiday on this day. It was done after 10 years of adoption of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families in 1990.The Convention was adopted on 18th December so the same date was fixed for the day. It is observed to inform the publics and republics about the basic human rights of the migrants and their families. The day is an opportunity to recognize the services of the migrants for the native as well their host country.

The migrants are not a bar on the economies but can be a source of development if proper policies are framed and implemented. The migrants can contribute more efficiently if they are given due rights and respect. The aim of the International Migrants Day is to acknowledge the hard work, assistance and rights of migrants worldwide.


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