ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Role of Propaganda in Nazi Germany

Updated on December 29, 2017

Background

The subject of propaganda by itself is very interesting, but studying how the Nazi’s perfected it is very illuminating. One can apply it to the 21st century and realize that propaganda is one of the pillars of modern governance. One of the pots worth reading is by David Welch who wrote “Nazi Propaganda and the Volksgemeinschaft: Constructing a Peoples Community”. This was published in the Journal of Contemporary History, 2004. A study of this paper gives a chance to decipher the Nazi mind and how they could control the German People. It will not be wrong to say that Nazi propaganda brainwashed the German people. The two key elements of a society are the youth and Industrial workers. Nazi propaganda was directed at these two pillars and was eminently successful.

Revolutionary aim

The Nazi party headed by Hitler had very clear objectives. Dr. Goebbels, the Propaganda Minister was instrumental in fine-tuning German propaganda. His statement “A lie repeated a 100 times becomes a truth” formed one of the pillars of his propaganda machinery. As per David Welch, the Nazi regime had a very ambitious plan. The aim was to significantly motivate the German people with a revolutionary aim. The idea was to so motivate the people that they became willing subjects of the German state and identified with the aim and ideals of the Nazi party.

The Nazi part thus used all instruments of state policy like the radio, Gestapo, the party, local officials as well as the Judiciary in this grand scheme. But before convincing the people the Nazi party convinced the abovementioned instruments of state policy about the legitimacy of the ideals and aims of the state and party. These officials now fanned out and subverted the minds of the people. At the same time, the Nazi party through various agencies kept a watch on ‘dissidents’ who were neutral or anti to the ideals of the Party and state and weeded them out. This was done unobtrusively and without publicity.

The Task for Dr. Goebbels

Realizing the importance of propaganda the German’s set up an exclusive ministry for this purpose. It was effusively called “Ministry of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda” and was headed by Dr. Goebbels. Credit must go to this man in clearly defining the parameters in which the ministry functioned. Basically, he subdivided the aims and ideals of the ministry to 3 important sections. These were

The Three Tasks

a) Patriotism. In this, he incorporated the appeal to national unity or the Volksgemeinschaft or peoples community. This was an important constituent of his plan and made the people identify with the concept of a German nation and its role in world affairs.

b) Racial Purity. This was another key element and consisted in drumming into the minds of the masses the concept of a super race or a race destined to rule the world. The propaganda that defined the Slavs and Jews as an inferior race was part of this section.

c) Leadership. Goebbels realized that masses can only be made to do what the state wants is by having a leader who towered all and was almost a superman. Thus the cult of Hitler was built up as the Fuhrer. A slogan was coined which spread to the heart of the populace. The slogan “One people, One Reich, one Fuhrer” echoed throughout Germany.

Concept of State before the People

Dr. Goebbels was almost a psychologist who had the pulse of the German people in his grasp. He incorporated the concept of Kaiser Wilhelm “I recognize no parties, but only Germans” as a cornerstone of his propaganda machinery. In addition, he convinced the masses of their role as a super race in the world; a race destined to rule.

Nazi Ideology is Supreme: Phase II

Having launched their propaganda at the masses the Nazi’s went ahead to step II of their plan. They subverted the mass media and unsavory facts of the regime were never reported. They formed 3 tiers of support to further the Nazi aim. These were

a) The state machinery like civil service, police and armed forces

b) Use of terror as an instrument of state policy

c) Complete domination of every aspect of a citizen’s life.

Goodies for the German people.

The concept of Volksgemeinschaft could not have succeeded without material comfort and better wages for the German people. They also fed the concept of a better life with a wide range of sporting events and luxury pursuits. The Volkswagen car was part of this scheme. Overall the entire attempt was to indoctrinate the workforce. Better working conditions were created and an attempt was made for the workers to identify with the leadership. Hitler was presented as the “First worker of the nation”.

Last Word

The German propaganda ministry worked overtime to create a race of docile followers who would never break away from the ideology of the German Nazi party. It was a great plan and effectively executed. The pity is that Hitler overreached himself by attacking Russia and thus brought about his own destruction. One wishes he had studied Napoleon. But one can conclude the Dr. Goebbels was eminently successful in motivating the German people for the war effort

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      4 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you teaches12345 for commenting

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      4 years ago

      I always enjoy reading the history of this era. You covered new items for me and I thank you.

    • MG Singh profile imageAUTHOR

      MG Singh 

      4 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you DDE

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Interesting and worth reading more about history here.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)