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Bhagat Singh The Great Freedom Fighter

Updated on October 31, 2014

Shaheed Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh is a brave hero of India. He was a nationalist, and one of the most influential revolutionaries of India's liberation struggle.

His love of the motherland, clear thoughts, determination and loyalty, were incomparable. His way of life is an introduction of motivation of fearlessness and bravery.

Accuracy of vision and insight of purpose identified him from other Indian leaders. He has left an everlasting footprint on the hearts of each Indian by his noble sacrifice.

At the age of 24, Bhagat Singh was hanged to death. His determination and sacrifice have been a motivation to every youth of India.

His legacy aggravated youths in India to begin battling for Indian freedom, and he advances to be the idol of the younger generation in free India. Bhagat Singh is always known throughout India as "Shaheed Bhagat Singh".

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

About Bhagat Singh


Bhagat Sing, the second son of Kishan Singh and Vidyavathi was born on 27th September 1907 in a Sikh family of farmers in the village Banga of Layalpur region of Punjab. Today it is situated in Pakistan.

He was born in the family of revolutionaries, and he was brought up in the patriotic atmosphere. Kishan Singh had four sons and a daughter.

He came from a reputable loyal Sikh family some of them were participated in Indian freedom struggle and others had worked in the armed forces of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

This family was familiar for their loyalty. Bhagat Singh's father and two uncles had been imprisoned for their revolutionary activities. When Bhagat Singh was born they were released from different jails on bail.

Without Fear - The Life and Trial of Bhagat Singh by Kuldip Nayar

Without Fear: The Life and Trial of Bhagat Singh
Without Fear: The Life and Trial of Bhagat Singh

Kuldip Nayar is one of the celebrated writer in our time. He is a reformer for secularism and the rule of law, put in writing neither for his economic profits nor to support the men or political parties in rule. Kuldip Nayar's without Fear is a genuine account written with deep appreciation. It has the right to be read by all who are admired in life and principles of Bhagat Singh and the good old days of Indi's great freedom fight. In this book, he includes two of Bhagat sing's expositions, and quotes from a note that explains how Indian leaders neglected Sukhdev.

 
Bhagat Sing As A Boy
Bhagat Sing As A Boy

Early Life

Bhagat Singh had his initial schooling at the village institution. He was best-liked among the teachers as well as fellow pupils.

Very soon he assumed that his aunties were in suffering and sadness. He also discovered that the reason for their grieving was the British control which caused one of his uncles to go away from his native, and another undergoes in jail and expired.

At his tender age, he arrived at a conclusion, to retaliate the misery of his aunties by propelling out the British away from the country. At the age of ten, in the year 1917 he was given access to to Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School, Navkot.

His general knowledge surprised his teachers. He was conversant about the insurrectionists who were being arrested and given cruel punishments.


Photo Credit: Photobucket

Jalianwala Bagh Massacre

Bullet Mark on The Wall of Jalianwala Bagh
Bullet Mark on The Wall of Jalianwala Bagh

Photo Credit: wikipedia

It was on April 13, 1919 the police fired at thousands of guiltless unarmed crowd of Indians in a park at Amritsar. There were over 1,000 killed, 2,000 and above seriously wounded.

This is identified as the Jallian Wala Bagh murder. The event took place after British General O. Dyre, the lieutenant governor of Punjab, commanded his armed men to fire on the masses who had gathered in the park for some non-political conference.

At that time, the public gatherings and parades were prohibited followed by the assassination of three notable Englishmen. Singh was moved by a number of events during his early years which infused in him a deep feeling of nationality to in the end take up the conflict for India's liberation.

This event very much affected Bhagat Singh to consider about the barbarity of the British Empire. He did not consume anything on that day after the occurrence happened.

Sing did not go to school the following day. He directly went to Amritsar and in spite of police assault severe watchfulness some how he maneuvered to reach the place where the butchering had occurred.

He collected little soil moistened with blood and used it on his forehead. He paid a silent tribute to the victims and returned home in the evening.

He brought the soil with him and kept it in a box. He made it a habit to offer flowers to the box for quite a few years. He was only twelve years old.

This occurrence had made a mark on his mind like numerous others. Even if, he went school, routinely he had not been able to focus on his educations.

He usually explored, why Indians have not propelled out the British. The British Empire was big and solid. It had a very large army and overpowering armaments. Could only speeches make them quit India? No, so the boyish Bhagat Sing thought uniquely.

Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi's Non-Violent Movement

Mahatma Gandhi had come back to Indian after he was victorious in his civil disobedience movement in South Africa against the British rule. In India, Gandhi commenced non co-operation movement in 1920.

Under his guidance, the movement has been successive and countless students all over India had given up their educations and connected the movement. Bhagat Sing was one of them.

The non co-operation movement was non violent. Due to some violent occurrences at Chawri Chawra Utter Predesh, Gandhi called off his movement.

The young generations of the country were considerably unsatisfied and dejected on Gandhi's withdrawn. Bhagat Sing's mind was also bothered. He found the Indian National Congress was inefficient.

After Gandhi pull out his movement, rebellious ideas grew vigorous among the younger generation in the country. Bhagat Sing also prepared to join the revolutionaries.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia commons

Lala Lajpat Rai - Lion of Punjab
Lala Lajpat Rai - Lion of Punjab

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai was familiar as the Lion of Punjab. He was a great revolutionary and reformist. He was at once a pro-independence, educationist, intellectual, writer, speaker and a passionate fighter for the revival of the very old culture and values.

In Contrast to Gandhi's view, he believed if independence could not be gained through non-violence sterner steps would be needed. The College he had established desired to train the students, not for securing jobs in the government sector, but to develop national personalities to get knowledge about the history of national revolutions.

Bhagat Sing admitted in this college and read books on revolutionaries thoroughly. After the First World War, The British Government had appointed a commission under the chairmanship of Sir John Simon to evaluate the working of the government in India and to recommend changes if necessary.

All political parties in India opposed the appointment of Simon Commission. On 20th October, the commission arrived at Lahore. At Lahore, a big rally was organized to oppose the working of the commission.

The rally was led by Punjab Lion, Lala Lajpat Rai. All around there was a huge crowd and black flags were fluttering. The slogans frightened the government.

But in a very less time, Deputy Superintendent of Police Scot ordered his assistant Sanders to see that the crowd was dispersed. Sanders directly hit Lala Lajpat Rai with a hard stick.

The great freedom fighter and patriot Lala Lajpat Rai received injuries on his shoulders. He had been hit brutally and hurt. Lala Lajpat Rai died on Dec. 17th, 1928.

The entire nation was overtaken by grief. The revolutionaries called a meeting, and they decided to avenge Lala's Deth. An action group was formed, and a scheme was prepared to execute Scot. Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekar Azad, Shivaram, Rajguru and Jaigopal were appointed to accomplish the task.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia commons

The Selected Works of Bhagat Singh
The Selected Works of Bhagat Singh

Collection of inspiring writings of Shaheed Bhagat Sing. Unknown truths about real revolutionary leaders struggle in his own words.

 

The Assassination

The rebels took an oath to retaliate the death of their dear leader. It was on Dec 17, 1928 they were forwarded to the police station to kill the DSP. Scot.

But, Jaigopal had failed to recognize Sanders for Scot. When Sanders came nearer the gate of the police station on his motorcycle, Jaigopal gave the signal by pointing his finger towards Scot.

Raj guru shot his first bullet on his neck in a nick of the movement. Bhagat Sing discharged four bullets at his head and escaped away. Owing to mistaken identification on the part of Jaigopal, the DSP Scot who had awarded the orders for lathi charge were rescued, but Sanders who beat Lala Lajpat Rai was put to death.

Lalaji's loss of life was revenge in a bullet for bullet style. According to revolutionists, this was a victorious operation. This shooting of an ASP in broad daylight hours just outside the police station was a summons to the British government in India.

Planning for Explosion:

The Congress party was meeting each year once administering national conference. In 1928, Motilal Nehru leaded over the conference at Culcutta.

He called for the rank of Dominion state for India. Bhagat Singh was not glad that the greatest political party of India had withdrawn back from their call of total freedom.

He did not like the resolution of Congress party to conciliate with the dictating British government. He formed an opinion to act differently.

He recollected the French revolutionist Vellain who had launched a bomb in the French Assembly as an objection against the dictatorial rule of the government. Bhagat Sing also proposed to go in the same way.

Bhagat Singh scrutinized the situation and the outcomes. The British Government put forward two bills that are to say Trade Union Dispute Bill, as well as Public Safety Bill.

He and his party men be aware of that they were Black Laws, which curls the liberty and civil freedoms, of the ordinary man. So Bhagat Singh has arrived at a conclusion, to lay across a bomb in the assembly hall during the debate goes on.

The Explosion

On 8th April 1929, the Public Safety bill was labelled in the assembly. A debate was going on from both sides. Two youths entered the main entrance and walked past the gallery reached the upper floor. There they took their seats as such a spot from where the government members were in their full view.

Sir Shuster got up to announce the promulgation of the bill. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw hand bills and bombed on the floor of the assembly hall. Next Bhagat Singh fired at Sir Shuster from his revolver, but Shuster saved himself by hiding beneath a table.

After throwing the bomb, there was the perfect opportunity for both the revolutionaries to run away from the scene. But they did not go from their seats. The Police arrived there and arrested both Bhagat Singh and Dutt. They were put in the Delhi jail under tight security.

Recommended Read - Books From Amazon

Gandhi and Bhagat Singh
Gandhi and Bhagat Singh

It was extensively believed in India that Gandhi would take advantage of his moral reputation successfully to appeal against the youthful lover of his country Bhagat Singh's death penalty. To know more about this and truth, read this book.

 
Court Trial
Court Trial

The Trial

On June 4, 1929, the court proceedings started in the session court of Delhi. Bhagat Sing said that the incident has been misinterpreted.

He confirmed that throwing the bomb in the assembly was a sign of protest against the policies of the government and the same had to be informed to the people. The intention of throwing the bomb was to give warning but not to hurt anybody.

Care was taken to see that none was hurt or injured. On June 12 Bhagat Sing and Dutta were verdicted by the court to life imprisonment. On July 10, 1929, both Bhagat Sing and Dutt and other 14 members of his party were to be present in court for the trial of Sanders murder.

Lord Irwin made arrangements form a tribunal with three judges who were entitled to pass the verdict on the accused. The three judges were J.Codstream. G.C. Hilton, and Aaga Haider.

The proceedings came to an end on August 26, 1930. The verdict came on October 7, 1930. A special messenger who belonged to the tribunal read the verdict. b>Bhagat Sing, Raj guru and Sukhdev were to be hanged till death.

Immage Credit: Flickr

Hangman's Rope for Execution
Hangman's Rope for Execution

The Execution

The government concluded to execute Bhagat Sing and two of his companions in the evening of March24,1931. Bhagat Sings only purpose in life was to be his country free from British control. He was about to be taken to hangman's tree. He was delighted that he had lived up to his faiths.

On the day of capital punishment, he read a life story of Lenin, the Russian leader. The jailor come in his cell and stated him to be ready for hanging. Bhagat Sing quietly said: Let Us Go.

The Warden took the 3 brave revolutionaries to the hanging platform. The three revolutionaries walked unitedly singing a patriotic song joyfully, and they were followed by the Jail executives on all the side.

They were ready to welcome death with delight. Bhagat Sing dragged the hangman's rope, kissed it like Veerapandya Kattapomman the majestic freedom fighter of Tamil Nadu and put it round his neck.

Other two succeeded the same way. The three revolutionaries submitted their homage to their cherished motherland with their lives at 7.33pm and became Martyrs.

Photo Credit: Flickr

National Martyre Memorial: Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru, Sukdev

National Martyr Memorial
National Martyr Memorial
The Jail Notebook and Other Writings
The Jail Notebook and Other Writings

This book explains the participation of revolutionary measures taken by Bhagat Sing in his own words, to the event of India's struggle for freedom.

 

The Legend of Bhagat Singh - Vid

What is Your Opinion?

Armed Struggle for liberation leads one to dictatorship. Way of nonviolence alone can lead one to pure democracy. For a country's liberation, armed struggle is necessary? or non-violence struggle is the best? Which one you select?

Armed Struggle

Armed Struggle

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    • siobhanryan 4 years ago

      I think a bit of both is needed-try non violence first

    Non-violece

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      • yoursfoolie 3 years ago

        It is necessary for us to come together to see things clearly and in the same way. Violence only muddies the water and drives us apart.

      • anonymous 4 years ago

        My heart is for the way of democracy with non-violence but we seem to still require armed struggle in our world. I don't support war but I do support our troops who protect our freedom.

      Rare Photos of Bhagat Singh - Vid


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        • VspaBotanicals profile image

          VspaBotanicals 4 years ago

          Absoutely mind blowing lens. Goes to show you, how unfair injustice is. Unbelievable...

        • sukkran trichy profile image
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          sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          @anonymous: thanks for your blessing and a wonderful comment.

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          anonymous 4 years ago

          I am struck by how Singh had such a strong understanding of injustice at such an early age (age 12!). This is a remarkable lens.

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          anonymous 4 years ago

          I could feel so much of the emotion and tension as you tell the story of Bhagat Singh....his courage and sacrifice and those who fought with him is very moving. " The three revolutionaries submitted their homage to their cherished motherland with their lives...", tears overtook me....from your heart....blessed.

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          sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          @Ahdilarum: thanks for the like

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          Ahdilarum 4 years ago

          You have taken us to the Indian struggle for the freedom period. loved it.

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          sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          @anonymous: yes he was a very young man. though described as a terrorist by the british he provided a new trend to the revolutionary movement in India. by revolution, he indicated that the old order of things, which is based on evident injustice must change. there was a chance to escape, but he voluntarily arrested by declining to run away from the scene. such a brave man he was.

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          sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          @getmoreinfo: thanks for your comment and blessing. i am really honored.

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          sukkran trichy 4 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

          @siobhanryan: thank you very much for your blessing. appreciate that

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          anonymous 4 years ago

          24 years old? What a shame.

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          getmoreinfo 4 years ago

          Thanks for the information about the legendary hero Bhagat Singh

        • siobhanryan profile image

          siobhanryan 4 years ago

          Blessed-I really enjoyed reading this article-you have a lovely way with words