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Bermuda Triangle Theories

Updated on August 7, 2017

Bermuda Triangle Theories


Unexplained Disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle

We have all heard about the Bermuda Triangle - the notorious zone between Florida, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico where numerous airplanes and ships have mysteriously disappeared with no apparent explanation...

But how paranormal is it really? We'll have a look at both the most probable and the most popular Bermuda Triangle theories as to what caused the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle. Along the way you will come across some great videos on the subject and links to more in-depth pages covering various specific topics mentioned here in this article.

Flight 19

Before Flight 19

So what is going on down there? Even before the disappearance of Flight 19 in 1945 there were several disappearances of ships at sea in the area. The most well known include the 1918 disappearance of USS Cyclops after departing from Barbados; and three years later the schooner Carroll A. Deering which was found beached and abandoned on the coast of North Carolina. In 1925 the SS Cotopaxi tramp steamer went missing, and in 1941 the USS Proteus was lost. But these are only some of the well documented accounts. (See Famous Incidents of the Bermuda Triangle). In total, there are more than 50 documented cases of boats/airplanes lost in the Bermuda Triangle area prior to Flight 19. Can this number of vanishing vessels be attributed solely to the common heavy weather in the area (powerful winds, hurricanes), or is there more to the Triangle than meets the eye?

"Lost In the Bermuda Triangle"
"Lost In the Bermuda Triangle" | Source

Some History

The "Bermuda Triangle mystery" as we know it today started to take form in the early 1950s when newspaper and magazine articles on the subject started appearing. In 1952 George X. Sand published an article called "Sea Mystery at our Back Door" about the Triangle in Fate magazine, raising the notoriety of the area. By the 1960s the area started being referred to as The Deadly Triangle, and many articles especially on Flight 19 had already been published. But it wasn't until 1964 that the area became known as "The Bermuda Triangle" after an article by Vincent Gaddis entitled "The Deadly Bermuda Triangle" was published. In the next few years the concept would grow rapidly. The Triangle's popularity rocketed after the 1974 publication of the best selling book The Bermuda Triangle by Charles Berlitz (over 5 million copies), bringing the mystery into the mainstream. Since then the Triangle has captivated the thoughts of many people attempting to solve the mystery. As of today there have been more than 65 documented cases of boats and airplanes lost in the Triangle after the incident of Flight 19 in 1945, although some say the real number is over 100 and claim over 1000 lives lost since 1945.

Unlikely Bermuda Triangle Theories Worth Consideration


The Bermuda Triangle is an alien collecting station where people and their vessels are snatched by UFOs and taken back to their home planet for study. (No mystery is complete without a UFO theory).

Government testing

There is a government base located in the middle of the Bermuda Triangle on Andros Island called AUTEC (Atlantic Undersea Test and Evaluation Center). Some people believe that the government has conducted secretive tests here which may have caused the area to become dangerous to navigate.

Bermuda Triangle: Atlantis?

Bermuda Triangle Atlantis

Plato was the first to speak of Atlantis, an ancient oceanic civilization, but the speculation that Atlantis might have existed in the area now known as the Bermuda Triangle did not arise until the days of Edgar Cayce - a psychic who gave information on Atlantis while in trance induced states known as "readings". As crazy as it sounds, his Atlantis readings (given between 1924 and 1944) have gained a strong following of believers. Cayce was known for his level of accuracy in his psychic readings and is regarded by many as no joke. According to Cayce, the ancient Atlantis was actually a very technologically advanced civilization - able to fly machines, take photographs, and utilize complex devices and power crystals - which existed in the area now known as the Sargasso Sea (The Sea overlays the Bermuda Triangle).

Now the fact that Caycean Atlantis was located in the modern termed Bermuda Triangle is coincidence (Cayce spoke of Atlantis before the whole "Bermuda Triangle" thing). So how does this "lost ancient civilization" relate to lost ships and airplanes of the coast of Florida? Well there are more coincidences between Cayce's descriptions and the disappearances... First of all, Cayce said the last part of Atlantis to sink was the Bahama Banks. This is also the area where the most unusual disappearances have occurred and the most unexplainable magnetic phenomena have been documented.

So what from Atlantis is causing boats to sink? We don't know. But there are many coincidences and phenomenons connected to the story that make it very intriguing. Check out the "glowing waters" phenomenon for instance: there is an area near the Bahama Bank where a mysterious unexplainable phosphorescence is visible in certain parts of ocean. The Bermuda Triangle Atlantis theory stimulates the imagination and brings up a whole new set of mysterious things to get fascinated about.

Read more about Atlantis or Edgar Cayce.

Heavy Weather

Hurricane in the middle of the Bermuda Triangle
Hurricane in the middle of the Bermuda Triangle
Image of a microburst downdraft on land
Image of a microburst downdraft on land
Methane hydrate on the ocean surface could potentially lower the density of the water enough to sink a ship
Methane hydrate on the ocean surface could potentially lower the density of the water enough to sink a ship

Bermuda Triangle Theories: Natural Explanations

Heavy Weather

It is a true fact that the Bermuda Triangle is an area of ocean which is known to get rough routinely. Hurricanes are a common reality and the area is known for storms which develop quickly and unexpectedly. Ocean swells have been known to exceed 50 feet and rogue waves, although rare, can reach 100 feet tall in mid-ocean. In addition to this, strong storms in the area have been known to get extraordinarily violent and include powerful cold air downdrafts (microbursts) that can increase suddenly from 20 mph to 90 mph and reign havoc. A particular downdraft storm caused the Pride of Baltimore to sink in 1986. A sailor on-board recalls the details: "A tremendous whistling sound suddenly roared through the rigging and a wall of wind hit us in the back. The Pride heeled over in a matter of seconds. The 70-knot wind pushed a 20 foot high wall of water into the starboard side. She sank in minutes." The Triangle's violent weather often makes it a very dangerous zone to traverse.

Methane Gas

Methane hydrate pockets exist all over the world, including the Bermuda Triangle, at depths 1,000 feet below sea level, frozen (methane is a gas which freezes at a higher temperature than water). The pockets of gas can be released from the ocean floor by seismic activity or landslides and rise to the surface. If enough of this gas accumulated at the surface it would reduce the waters density enough to sink a ship. Not only this but if enough gas rose to the surface and, un-freezing, rose high enough into the air it could potentially stall an airplane engine or ignite from the engine spark. There is no way methane gas can be attributed to all of the Triangle's victims, but it does pose a rare threat.

Electronic Fog

There have been multiple accounts of strange weather in the sky experienced by pilots flying in the Triangle: Unusual fog developing abnormally fast... Strange electrical lines... Compasses and instruments malfunctioning... Time warp?? The stories get weirder. Check out the video to the right where Bruce Gernon recounts his famous experience. Gernon isn't the only one who has experienced this, in fact many people have reported encounters with this strange phenomenon leading many to believe this fog to be the leading cause of disappearances of aircraft and boats in the area. Flight 19 may have met the same fate... Or perhaps was transported far into the future.. Could this be why often no trace whatsoever can be found of missing ships and planes?

Read an in depth article about the mysterious electronic fog here.

Compass Variation

In the 70s the Coast Guard stated their position on the Triangle saying that the main cause of disappearance was due to compass variation (adjusting for the difference between magnetic north and true north). Personally, I don't think this is true let alone if it caused even one disappearance. Compensation is second nature to any navigator. I think it is far fetched to believe that navigational erring due to compass variation is the reason why the Bermuda Triangle has claimed so many lives... However, it is worth noting that unnatural compass variation caused by "electronic fog" as observed by Gernon may have been the reason some were led off course.

The Gulf Stream
The Gulf Stream

Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream - a powerful and swift current with maximum surface speed of about 6 mph - flows straight out of the Bermuda Triangle. Like a river, the Gulf Stream can carry floating objects and does pose a threat to the position of boats having engine trouble or planes landing on the water.


Some theorists speculate that a comet with strange electromagnetic properties which may have crashed into the ocean many thousands of years ago could be the cause of the compass misreadings and instrument malfunctions in the Triangle. Although no comet has been found yet, deep ocean depths may mean we will never know...


The area of the Bermuda Triangle was once a very common pirate zone. From the mid 1500s to the mid to late 1700s, pirates like Blackbeard and Jean Lafitte trolled the area. Today, although less common, piracy still exists and has been known to happen in the area. Also a few sinkings which occurred in the Bermuda Triangle area have been accurately attributed to acts of war from both WWI and WWII.

Human Error

And then there is human error. Its true... Humans make mistakes too, and sometimes we make very big mistakes.

When you factor in human error with deadly strong weather including bizarre storms unique to the area and various other threats and dangers, you begin to think no wonder so many people have gone missing here. But at the same time it makes you think how is this place so crazy? And what is the truth about the so called "electrical fog" and alleged time-warps? Looking into the Triangle only releases a whole new set of mysteries and fascination.

Christopher Columbus Bermuda Triangle account

Surprisingly, the famed Christopher Columbus experienced strange happenings he thought worthy of recording when he sailed through that area in 1492. According to his journal, on the night of September 15th he and his crew witnessed a "marvelous branch of fire" falling from the sky to the sea a few miles away. (Read his literally translated journals here). This quote is quite vague however. He could just as easily be talking about lightening or a large meteor than something supernatural, but that isn't the only thing Columbus witnessed there. He also writes of compass malfunctions and other strange lights and high seas. Although it is difficult to interpret exactly what happened to Columbus over 500 years ago, a more in-depth analysis of Christopher Columbus and the Bermuda Triangle can be found here.

Bermuda Triangle Solved?

After reading all the above information and Bermuda Triangle theories, you may be thinking that the Bermuda Triangle just happens to be a crazy area with a lot of dangerous factors that have all pitched in to contribute to the large number of disappearances there. However, although many possible causes have been identified as plausible to contributing to the disappearances in the bermuda triangle, the strangeness of the first hand accounts told by "electronic fog" survivors and others strongly suggest something mysterious and supernatural is taking place within the notorious boundaries of the Bermuda Triangle.


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    • FatBoyThin profile image

      Colin Garrow 

      3 years ago from Kinneff, Scotland

      Being a writer, I'd like to believe that some mysterious unearthly power is going on in the Bermuda Triangle, but I think it's just one of those areas where weird things happen that maybe take a bit of explaining. Great Hub, voted up.

    • Michele Travis profile image

      Michele Travis 

      5 years ago from U.S.A. Ohio

      Very interesting hub. Now I want to learn more about the Bermuda Triangle.

    • goody7 profile image


      5 years ago from over there under the sycamore tree

      This area of the world has always made me curious. I watched just about every television show and movie about the area, and I still wonder what's going on. You have some good suggestions here.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      This was one of the most exciting things I have ever read. I am happy I chose about Atlantis in the Inquiry project

    • CWanamaker profile image


      6 years ago from Arizona

      I believe that the methane gas theory is right on point. There is plenty of evidence to support it and laboratory tests definitively show that even a small methane release can easily sink a ship or disrupt an airplane's instrumentation.

      One theory that you didn't mention is the theory about the Sargassum seaweed that exists in this region of the ocean. The seaweed can form an extremely thick floating mass that has been said to immobilize ships. I don't believe there is much to this theory as most modern ships should have no trouble cutting through a glob of seaweed.

      Great hub though. I find this kind of stuff very interesting.

    • Adrian Lavelle profile image

      Adrian Lavelle 

      6 years ago from Galway, Ireland

      That was an extremly cool hub, I'm fascinated by the unknown or the weird, the story of Bruce Gernon actually came to my attention a few months back, I even remember talking about it to a mate of mine, who was blown away by the story, voted up and awesome...

    • ContentNexus profile image


      6 years ago from United States

      Very informative and entertaining. It was a good read. Well done. I'm interested in the Triangle myself although I still have to do fair bit of homework on the matter. You helped me a lot with all the up-to-date info on the subject. Thanks.


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