Coup and empowerment Erdogan
Turkey, an Eurasian country considered regional and emerging power, suffered a failed coup last July 15 for a group of disgruntled military with the autocratic regime of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, causing more than 290 deaths and more than 1,400 injuries. The President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been questioned repeatedly by his authoritarianism and imposition of establishing a Muslim-nationalist state away from the secular constitutionality since the time of Ataturk. Our hypothesis is that the coup not only involve positioning Erdogan in power, but its total empowerment and increasing authoritarianism.
The context in which we find this coup is favored by the empowerment of Erdogan since entering in the government in 2002 as Prime Minister and replicating his authority as president in 2015. His political party, the Justice and Development Party (AKP - Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi) has been the political conservatism form of Erdogan since its inception, confronting various ideologies and practices of the turkey population. However, the popularity of more thickened sectors of Turkish society belongs to the conservative Islamic mainly Sunni area.
Erdogan has been the figure of the geopolitical position of Turkey in the Middle East in the new century. He has been featured intervene militarily in the conflict in Syria; has maintained a defensive position on the growth of iranian Shiite power and Hezbollah in Lebanon, in addition to influencing alliances and political reconciliation with the Gulf monarchies with a Sunni origin.
Also, Turkey not only means "jihadist route" by which it gives access to "Islamic terrorists", is also a regional power for its military actions and policies and especially by the geostrategic foray gas and oil through the construction of the pipeline from the Caspian Sea in 2006 along with the Turkish-Azeri gas pipeline Trans Anatolian (TANAP) which helps to transport gas from the Caspian Sea to Europe via Turkey. For all this, Turkey is the 18th world economy, according to the CIA World Fact Book.
Despite this, over the past three years, Erdogan has been accused of emptying the legality of the country's institutions such as the judiciary, the army, police and Parliament has even become the center of its hegemonic power. In 2013 he used the police to crush mass protests in Gezi Park in Istanbul where Turkish rebuked lay against the conservative Islamic taxation intended (and intended) impose Erdogan in the country.
Erdogan's government is also challenged by closing the freedom of expression and to centralize power within his party AKP and the Parliament itself. While it is true that Turkey had an average growth of 4.5% annually from 2104, growth slowed to 2.5% with an unemployment rate of 10%, which leads to the natural discontent of the youth Turkish population who wants a liberal, democratic and secular government.
Erdogan has catapulted his position as a totalizing way to seize power. Since the death of Ataturk, the Prime Minister served as the head of government and now, from his nearly 13 years in power, has shown the change of political position with its allies within the party and in Parliament. Now Erdogan as president is shown as the "Supreme Head of Turkey," the "Almighty". The transformation of political power has been gradually and artfully installed to empower her figure inside and outside Turkey. The reiteration of restarting the Ottoman Empire lost remains a possibility and a struggle that Erdogan wants to fight.
The Failed coup now could increase the power of Erdogan within the country. Turkey has suffered four coups in its modern history: 1960.197, 1997 and 2016. The participation of the Army has been extremely important in the reconfiguration of political power in the country under the pretext of "taking conditions of freedom and democracy" a country where democracy is not necessarily an option (not your democratic ineptitude, but simply because Islam must not be integrated into democracy as a form of world government).
The army, once more important than the position of Prime Minister Erdogan change at will and demonstrate once again that it is the "soul and spirit of political power" in Turkey. a more authoritarian, repressive and intended to aggrandize the figure semipaternal Erdogan government could be established. Turkish power is he; the state is him.