ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Waste Disposal

Updated on September 3, 2011

Waste disposal is the gathering, removal, and destruction or use of garbage, rubbish, and ashes. Garbage is unwanted food and waste food materials, such as banana peels, eggshells, and coffee grounds. Rubbish includes rags, wastepaper, and other solid nonfood materials.

Refuse disposal is important to community health and safety. Rats, flies, and other disease carriers live on and in garbage. Concentrations of rubbish can cause fires, and smoke from burning rubbish may pollute the air. Piles of refuse can produce unpleasant odors, and refuse thrown into bodies of water can pollute or contaminate them.

Storage of Waste

Refuse is usually stored for collection wherever it is produced. Garbage should be stored in metal cans that can be closed tightly to keep away insects and animals. Other refuse may be tied in bundles or placed in boxes. Many apartment houses and some private homes have incinerators in which most garbage and rubbish may be burned. In such a case only ashes and noncombustible materials need to be stored and collected.

Collection of Waste

Garbage, rubbish, and even ashes are often collected together. However, when garbage is used to feed pigs or when a disposal method that is inappropriate for garbage is used for rubbish, separate collection is necessary.

Refuse is usually collected in large trucks specially equipped for the purpose. Garbage should ordinarily be collected weekly and at least twice each week during hot weather.

Destruction of Waste

Some localities have community incinerators that destroy refuse cheaply and safely. Such devices produce little smoke if properly operated. Heating the smoke to 1200° F. prevents odors from being spread.

Garbage can also be ground up and disposed of through sewer systems. Some homes have electric garbage grinders in kitchen sinks. These grind garbage into small particles. Some towns have community garbage-grinding plants.

Dumping Waste

Instead of being destroyed, refuse is sometimes dumped at sea or in designated land areas called dumps. The problems created by dumping, however, make it less desirable than destruction as a means of disposal. If garbage is dumped at sea, some of it floats back to shore. If it is dumped on land, it attracts rats and flies, and disease-breeding conditions, as well as odors, are produced.

Using Waste

Since pigs will eat garbage, an easy and useful method of waste disposal is to feed all edible refuse to pigs. In the United States, Canada, and England, garbage that is to be fed to pigs must be disinfected by cooking in order to prevent the spread of diseases.

Sometimes useful materials, such as metals, are removed from refuse before disposal. This process is called reclamation. In the past some garbage was cooked to produce industrial fats and bases for animal feed, but rising costs and the reduced need for fats have made this process uneconomical. In some countries, such as the Netherlands, chemical processes are used to convert dangerous wastes into harmless humus, which can then be used for growing plant crops.


In the landfill method of waste disposal, dumping and u sing refuse are combined. Garbage and selected rubbish are dumped into large holes or trenches, packed down, and covered with earth. Bacteria destroy the organic matter in the refuse, and the land can then be used.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)