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How to Say I Love You in the Language of Flowers

Updated on July 10, 2011

This Valentine's Day, don't buy just any ordinary flower bouquet from the local supermarket for your true love. Take the time to say "I Love You" using the language of flowers. There isn't a true woman on earth who doesn't love flowers. Show the woman in your life how much you really care by thoughtfully choosing flowers that symbolize your unending devotion.

Known as floriography, the language of flowers was extremely popular during the reign of Queen Victoria. The Victorian Age was a time of etiquette and social customs. Feelings that could not be expressed in words, could be expressed through gifts of flowers.

But the language of flowers originated long before Queen Victoria made it popular. Shakespeare uses a bit of floriography himself in his famous play "Hamlet". Ophelia, insane after the death of her father, gives out meaningful flowers to her brother and the King and Queen in Act IV, Scene V:

"There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; pray, love, remember: and there is pansies, that's for thoughts...There's fennel for you, and columbines: there's rue for you; and here's some for me: we may call it herb-grace o' Sundays: O, you must wear your rue with a difference. There's a daisy: I would give you some violets, but they withered all when my father died..."

Flowers have many meanings ranging from friendship to love to sorrow. You can say just about anything with a flower. But you have to be sure you are conveying the right message with the right flower. There are flowers used for funerals and then there are flowers used for weddings. Much depends upon the color of the flower. "A rose by any other name would smell as sweet" but a black rose used where a red rose is appropriate wouldn't be sweet at all.

Flowers that Symbolize Love


 Red Rose

True Love

White Rose

Innocence and Purity

Yellow Rose


Burgundy Rose

Unconscious beauty 

Orange Rose


Coral Rose

Passion and Desire

 Lavendar Rose

Enchantment and Love at First Sight

Red Chrysanthemum

I Love You

Yellow Chrysanthemum

Slighted Love


Regard and Unrequited Love


Innocence and Loyal Love 


True Love and Memories




Secret Love 




Delicate and Rare Beauty


Devoted Affection

Purple Lilac

The First Feelings of Love

White Lilac

The Innocence of Youth


I can't live without you 



Red Tulip

Declaration of Love

Yellow Tulip

Hopeless Love

Blue Violet



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    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      Thanks, gulnazahmad! Lilacs are some of my favorites...

    • profile image

      gulnazahmad 7 years ago

      love the flowers and your hub great especially the white lilacs:)

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      AEvans, I'm glad you enjoyed this! I really enjoyed putting it together; the language of flowers is just fascinating, and I love how you can convey different things with different flowers.

    • AEvans profile image

      Julianna 7 years ago from SomeWhere Out There

      I am so glad that you placed the meaning next to each flower I do have to say I love all of them but now I know what my flowers mean that are growing in our own backyard. Thank you so much for writing on this subject. :)

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      Hi Rebecca, I've heard lots of people send themselves flowers on Valentine's Day. At least you can make sure they're the ones you want :)

    • Rebecca E. profile image

      Rebecca E. 7 years ago from Canada

      Rose West-- now I know what flowers I want thanks ( i'll have to get them myself..... oh well.)

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      2uesday, thank you for your comment! I didn't know anything about the myrtle tradition. It's all very fascinating! Thank you so much for sharing all that! Myrtle is another flower that conveys love.

    • 2uesday profile image

      2uesday 7 years ago

      Lovely hub, Rose, the flower photos are very colourful.

      The English royal family have a tradition of having a sprig of myrtle in their wedding bouquet. The piece in the (Queen's) then Princess Elisazeth's wedding bouquet came from a bush at Osborne House which was Queen Victoria's house on the Isle of Wight. The myrtle bush is said to have been grown from a piece of myrtle in the wedding bouquet of Queen Victoria's eldest daughter. I think I have read somewhere that Queen Victoria also had myrtle in her wedding posy when she married Prince Albert. Thanks Rose.

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      D.A.L., Thanks for stopping by! I'm happy you enjoyed it!

      E. Nicolson, the language of flowers is truly fascinating. This is only a short list of "love" flowers. There are so many more meanings.

      i*n*v*i*c*t*u*s, you can really say almost anything with flowers.

      poetlorraine, thanks for reading. The orange rose is very beautiful!

      Jane Grey, the black rose usually represents death, hatred, goodbye. But I should add that some do say that the black rose means a very deep, pure love, because of its rarity.

    • Jane Grey profile image

      Ann Leavitt 7 years ago from Oregon

      I loved the Hamlet quote as well! So, out of curiosity, what would a black rose communicate?

    • profile image

      poetlorraine 7 years ago

      the orange rose please, anyone...lovely hub

    • I*n*v*i*c*t*u*s profile image

      I*n*v*i*c*t*u*s 7 years ago

      lovely hub! It's great to see all the underlying messages in flowers. :)

    • E. Nicolson profile image

      E. Nicolson 7 years ago

      Really interesting -- I had always wondered what different flowers meant, but never got around to finding out. Thank you!

    • D.A.L. profile image

      Dave 7 years ago from Lancashire north west England

      This is a fantastic hub with beautiful pictures. Thank you for sharing it with us.

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      Thanks for reading, Cris A! It really is the thought that counts. You can say so many things with flowers! I'm glad you like the are so photogenic :)

    • Cris A profile image

      Cris A 7 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      What a sweet hub! Truly, more than the commercial value of the gift it's the thought that counts! Love the pictures btw :D

    • Rose West profile image

      Rose West 7 years ago from Michigan

      Thanks Dohn, I'm really excited to do my first hubmob hub! I hope she does approve :)

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 7 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      I really liked this hub, Rose West. I also liked you quote from Hamlet as well (I totally forgot about that!). Congratulations on you first HubMob Hub! I'm sure Princessa will approve!