ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Perfect female body measurements

Updated on April 3, 2012

What determines the beauty of a female body has seemingly changed across time and cultures. Were not the models chubbier in the 60s? Is it not true that females that would have been considered obese in western cultures, are considered beautiful in certain 3rd world countries?

Beauty is of such importance and so closely linked to health that it would not make much sense if it was a term easily malleable by societal norms. Well, that is if you agree with the majority of the scientific community that we are largely influenced by biological premises. If there were anything that should be heavily influenced by human evolution, it would be food and preferences for opposite sex individuals. As there are limited studies from the 3rd world, a universal conclusion cannot be made. Within western societies, however, the results are clear.

Source

Body Measurements of Playboy Playmates

The fact that body shape preferences is highly influenced by nature is not to say that society does not influence the beauty norms from one year to the next. Even in a society like the United States, which even in hard times has high living standard in comparison to the rest of the world, there were found differences between the size of the playboy playmate depending on the economic situation in society as a whole (Pettijohn & Jungeberg, 2004). During economical hardship between 1960 and 2000, there were increased tendency for the playmate to be slightly heavier and older. That includes facial traits indirectly associated with age, e.g. smaller eyes.

That is not to say that the changes in preference were large, with the age of the female models rarely being above 25 years. Same applied to the other measurements. During the 40 years in question the lowest Body Mass Index was 16 and highest was 20½, with the average being about middle in between (to calculate BMI visit this BMI Calculator). Same applied to Waist-to-Hip ratio which stayed within the range of .57 to .73.

Waist-to-Hip ratio as measurement of fertility

The above mentioned study is not the only one that have studied Playboy playmates with the assumption that the women chosen for this title reflect the societal norm for beauty. For example Singh had previously noted that, whereas changes in body structure had been found among Playboy Playmates, the overall Waist-to-Hip ratio had only increased slightly from .68 to .71. What is the significance of this? A healthy WHR range for a woman is considered between .67 and .80, where a higher ratio is associated with decreased fertility (Rempala & Garvey, 2007). The ratio also increases during menopause and pregnancy, both, naturally, associated with decreased fertility.

More direct evidence showing the male preferences is studies where subjects have been rating pictures of real persons. Men found in this kind of study that females with ratio of .70 to .71 were significantly more attractive than women with ratio of .73 to .74 (Rempala & Garvey, 2007). Similar finding has been found in numerous studies. For example it has been found that not only do men prefer a Waits-to-Hip ratio around .7, but they also have a strong, non-linear, preference based on female BMI (Body mass index). The most desirable bodies had Waist-to-Hip ratio around the ideal range of .7, but the desirability was dependent on BMI (Tovee et al, 1999).

Perfect female BMI range

I mentioned above that the BMI index for Playboy Playmates from 1960 to the year 2000 were between 16 and 20½. This also fits in with what was found when students were asked to rate large amount of females based on body photographs. Bodies with BMI of less than 15 and above 30 were, without exception, rated as undesirable. On the other hand, BMI between 18 and 20 was consistently found to be the most desirable (Tovee et al., 1999).

So what is the perfect body measurements?

There seem to be a consistent preference among males for a female BMI index around 20. With BMI above 25 being considered too high and below 15 being too slim.

The preferred Waist-to-Hip ratio seems to consistently hoover around .7.


References for this hub - Perfect Female body measurements

Pettijohn T. F. & Jungeberg B. J. (2004). Playboy Playmate Curves: Changes in Facial and Body Feature Preferences Across Social and Economic Conditions. PSPB, Vol. 30 No. 9, September 2004 1186-1197

Rempala D. & Garvey K. (2007). Sex differences in the effects of incremental changes in Waist-to-Hip Ratio. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 1 (3): 86-97.

Tovee M. J. et al (1999) Visual cues to female physical attractiveness. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 266, 211-218

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)