Is Behavioral Safety Program Different from Other Safety Programs?
- Yes, definitely
- Simpler to understand, convince and implement
- More successful
- More beneficial both to employees and the organization
Does Behavioral Safety Work?
- Positive results over the last decade in many sectors of the UK, Irish and US economies.
- Implemented in construction, manufacturing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, paper, foods, steel, paints and offshore oil & gas.
- 40-75 percent reductions in accident rates and accident costs year on year
- 20-30 percent improvements in safety behavior yearly
- Greater workforce involvement in safety
- Better communications between management and the workforce
- Ongoing improvements to safety management systems
- Improved safety climates
- Greater 'ownership' of safety by the workforce
- More positive attitudes towards safety
- Greater individual acceptance of responsibility for safety
- Bottom up and mid level approach (not top down)
- Participative (participation from the grass root levels)
- Behavior to attitude (and not attitude to behavior)
- Continuous improvement
Essential Criteria for Behavioral Safety program
- It involves significant workforce participation
- It targets specific unsafe behaviors
- It is based on observational data collection
- It involves data-driven decision-making processes
- It involves a systematic, observational, improvement intervention
- It involves regular focused feedback about on-going performance
- It requires visible on-going support from managers and front-line supervision
Training Is the First Step
- Duration: 2 days for each batch
- Batch size: Maximum 20 participants in a batch
- Coverage: Entire population/critical mass
- Level of participants: Managers and supervisors and key workers
Behavioral Safety Process or System (Generic Model)
- Identify unsafe behaviors and place them on checklists.
- Seek approval of those being monitored to ensure they are in agreement with the behaviors on the checklists.
- Now the trained observers carry out observations for a certain period of time to establish a baseline (usually four weeks), with which subsequent performance can be compared.
- Once the average baseline score has been determined, the intervention is implemented at kick-off meetings, or goal-setting sessions whereby the work groups set improvement targets for themselves.
- Subsequently, the observers continue to monitor their colleague’s safety behaviors on a regular basis.
- The observation scores are then analyzed so that fine detailed feedback can be given to the work groups or people concerned on a regular basis.
- Data is also monitored for trends so that improvements can be highlighted and praised or corrective actions can be taken.