The concept of speech etiquette
Speech etiquette called system requirements (rules, norms) that explain to us how to establish, maintain and terminate contact with another person in a particular situation. The rules of speech etiquette are very diverse, each country present their own particular culture of communication.
- speech etiquette - a system of rules
It may seem strange, why do we need to develop special rules of communication, and then stick to them or break them. Yet speech etiquette is closely linked to the practice of communication, its elements are present in every conversation. Compliance with the rules of speech etiquette will properly convey their thoughts to the interlocutor, to quickly reach mutual understanding with him.
Mastering the etiquette of speech communication requires obtaining knowledge in a variety of humanitarian disciplines: linguistics, psychology, history, culture and many others. For the successful development of a culture of communication skills using a concept such as the formula of speech etiquette .
The formulas of speech etiquette
The basic formula of speech etiquette absorbed at an early age when parents teach the child to greet, say thank you, ask forgiveness for the tricks. With age, a person learns more and more subtleties in communication, mastering different styles of speech and behavior. The ability to correctly assess the situation to start and maintain a conversation with a stranger, competently express their thoughts, distinguished man of high culture, educated and intelligent.
The formulas of speech etiquette - it's certain words, phrases and set expressions used to talk of three stages:
- call start (greeting / acquaintance)
- main part
- the final part of the conversation
Start a conversation and its completion
Any conversation usually begins with a greeting, it can be verbal and nonverbal. Priority greeting is also important, first, Jr. welcomes older man - a woman, a young girl - an adult male, Associate positions - senior. Here are the main forms of the table companion greetings:
The call completion using the formula termination of communication, parting. These formulas are expressed in the form of a wish (all good, all good, good-bye), hopes of further meetings (until tomorrow, I hope to see you soon, we call each other), any doubt in future meetings (goodbye, do not think badly of me).
The main part of the conversation
Following the conversation begins greeting. Speech etiquette provides three main types of situations in which different speech communication formula: a solemn, mournful and working situation. The first phrase uttered after the greeting, the conversation is called intonation. Uncommon situation where the bulk of the conversation consists of introductions followed by a conversation end.
- formula of speech etiquette - stable expression
Solemn atmosphere, the approach of an important event involve the use of voice speed in the form of invitations or greetings. The situation in this case can be both formal and informal, and depends on the situation, what the formula of speech etiquette will be used in a conversation.
Situations speech etiquette
A key role in the culture of speech etiquette plays a term situation . Indeed, depending on the situation, the conversation can vary considerably. In this situation, communication can be characterized by a variety of circumstances, such as:
- interlocutors personality
- a place
Personality interlocutors. Speech etiquette is focused primarily on the recipient - the person to whom appeal, but also takes into account the identity of the speaker. Accounting interlocutors personality implemented on the principle of the two forms of treatment - on you and on you. The first form refers to the informal nature of the communication, the second - to respect and greater formality in the conversation.
Place of communication. Communication in a certain place may require the party to specific rules of speech etiquette established for this place. These places can be: a business meeting, the secular dinner, theater, youth party, restroom, etc..
Similarly, depending on the topic, time, motive or purpose of the communication, we use different conversational techniques. The topic of conversation may be joyful or sad events, the time of communication may have to, to be brief, or deployed to the conversation. The motives and goals are manifested in the need to provide a mark of respect, to express gratitude to the benevolent attitude or the other party, make an offer, a request or ask for advice.
National Speech Etiquette
Any national speech etiquette makes certain demands to the representatives of their culture, and has its own characteristics. The very appearance of the concept of speech etiquette associated with the ancient period in the history of languages, when every word was given special importance and has a strong faith in the action of the word on the surrounding reality. And the appearance of certain norms of speech etiquette of people motivated by the desire to bring to life certain events.
But speech etiquette of different peoples, and is also characterized by some common features, with the difference only in the forms of implementation of the norms of speech etiquette. In each cultural and language group are present formula of greeting and farewell, respectful treatment to elders or position. In a closed society, a representative of another culture who is not familiar with the peculiarities of the national speech etiquette , it is uneducated, ill-mannered person. In a more open society people are prepared to differences in speech etiquette of different peoples, in such a society is often practiced imitation of foreign culture of verbal communication.
Speech contemporary etiquette
In the modern world, and especially in the urban culture of post-industrial and information society, the concept of culture of verbal communication is changed radically. The speed of change taking place in our time, it threatens the very foundations of traditional speech etiquette based notions of immutability of the social hierarchy, religious and mythological beliefs.
Learning the rules of speech etiquette in the modern world it is transformed into a practical purpose, aimed at achieving success in a particular act of communication: the need to draw attention to themselves, to show respect, to inspire confidence in the recipient, his sympathy, to create a favorable climate for dialogue. However, the role of the national speech etiquette is important - knowledge of the characteristics of foreign speech culture is a mandatory feature of fluency in a foreign language.