Women Development and Family Structure Change
Women Development and Family Structure on Cultural Change
I was sitting in front of a Philippine woman, Mrs. Malaya Tanyaq, looking as Philippine women but dressed up salwar-kamiz like a Bangladeshi women. I went to meet her in our clinic at AUW to get an interview about her view of culture and its changes. Before starting interview she offered a cup of tea and gave me the tea cup on her hand and told me that was the way of showing honor to the guest in her culture. The pattern of showing honor surprised me because she was abroad when she was talking with me but she couldn’t leave her cultural theme. In my opinion this is called culture. I think Culture is that thing which relates one’s behavior, one’s thinking, one’s way of speaking briefly culture relates with one’s soul from birth and he/she carry this until his/her death. For working purpose Mrs. Malaya had visited many places namely, Kuwait, Macau, Hong Kong, Bangladesh ect. and she got many different kinds of experiences. For that reason I chose her and quest her about cultural changes. Culture is influenced in many ways and I think that women development and family structure change influence culture strongly. From investigating Ms Malaya’s views of cultural changes with the concept of Philippine and my views of Bangladesh I came to know that cultural changes is influenced greatly by women development and family structure change.
Before starting my pain part I want to introduce briefly about my interviewee, Ms Malaya Tanyaq, a Philippine women, helped me to complete my research paper. Mrs. Malaya born in is a 5th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. She migrated from rural area to urban area in her childhood with her parents. She completed her bachelor degree majoring accounting. She took a nursing course and then she visited many places including Kuwait, Macau, Hong Kong. Now she is working at AUW as a nurse and serves AUW student a great nursing. Because of her immigration the way of her living, way of clothing, way of analysing about culture has been changed. For example in Philippine women and man treated equally and she used to with this concept but when she went to Quiet she saw on her eyes that man dominate women she couldn’t adjust with that type of concept first. But after passing some days she knew the way of adjusting with them.
How women development and family structure influence on culture will be easy to understand if we know about what the culture is and how it is influenced. From Edward B. Taylor, “culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs, and any others capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” Thus culture depends on individual’s knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs and in that way when those are influenced by other culture or those are changes that time culture is changed. Ms. Think that culture is that thing which people achieve from their environment and when those environments change automatically that culture change. I want to add with Ms. Malaya, I think that culture not only depends on environment but also depends on education, technology, globalization and many more things. For exam, the high literacy rated countries have low birth rate, low the rate of child death then lower literacy rated countries that means high literacy rated countries are aware form lower literacy rated countries. I used this example because everything including awareness are the element of culture. Furthermore, cultural changes is influenced by mixing with other culture, war, immigration, migration, women development, family structure changes and many things. AUW is a great example of cultural changes by mix with other culture. In AUW there are 14 countries student studies. Every student has their own individual culture but when they came AUW their culture including way of clothing, way of talking, even way of thinking has been changed. Without those reason there are two major reason of cultural change: women development and family structure change. I tried to write about how women development and family structure influence on culture with the help of Ms. Malaya.
The influence of Women Development on culture:
In the times of yore in Philippine, though women and man were treated equally but women supposed to work on home and farming. When recognized education enter into Philippine that time man went to school but women didn’t go because that time people think that women do more critical and significant job: giving birth and raising them, for that reason that don’t need education. Ms. Malaya explain her experience, “ I born in a rural area. Before going to urban area I lived in a extended family. I saw my great grandmother. Though she couldn’t walk properly for age but she told me different kinds of story past. From her story I came to know that her time women didn’t go to school because women feel down when someone tell them going school.” In the past women didn’t go abroad. On the other hand, Bangladeshi women didn’t go to school because of their patrilineal society. They though if women become educated man couldn’t dominate themselves. In the past women also wanted to be dominated by man in Bangladesh.
From the concept of globalization, by education, working outside and helping country economy women developed themselves and therefore the way of thinking, the way of living, the way of shearing has been changed. I used the term ‘from the concept of globalization’ because now development strongly related with education and money. Now both man and women shear their house hold chores and raise their children. For women development, Ms Malaya went abroad. The result of her going abroad she had some changes of her thinking. For example, when she lived in her culture she didn’t know how adjusts with other culture but now she knows. She explains that. “The easiest way of adjusting new culture is see new culture without compeering your own though it is not always easy ether.” Because of her education in generally for women development her concept has been changed. In Bangladesh, because of women development women are gating equal rights like man and now in family any kinds of discussion women take a strong evaluation which people think before.
The influence of Family Structure Change on culture change:
Philippine were famous for extended family. In earlier period every extended family had a elder member who can be male or female who is respected by all family members. Every money maker of family gives him/her money and he/she maintain the family. Additionally, Ms Malay said that in the past it’s a common thing that every family had a god parents, compadres(normally a priest), who teach the manner, social culture, religion to the children and those children respect him as their parents. In Philippine there were a dowry system called Pamianan system. In this system bride need to convince the groom by doing any type of work or giving anything from prior to 1 year of marriage. After one year if groom had convinced by the bride then they marry each other. In contrast, in Bangladeshi dowry system women or the family of women had to give money or furniture or which man’s family wants before marriage.
From the effect of globalization, urbanization, industrialization, immigration and inflation the extended family has been broken up into nuclear family and one mother or one father family and as a result the concept of family has been changed that means with the change of family structure change the way of living, the pattern of house, number of children in a family, neighbor ship, weeding system and many other things has been changed. My interviewee born in a extended family. Before migrating into urban area she used to play with her friends and cousins in a large yard. But after migrating she couldn’t play outside because of lacking of place. The urbanized and industrialized people are run into money. They don’t have any time to give their neighbor. According to Ms Malaya when she child in their village their family and neighbor were so closed like a family but now her family don’t know each other. For changing family structure the weeding system also changed. As for example for changing family structure in Philippine the Pamianan system has been being destroying. Furthermore for extended family people used to think about family background and family prestige before marriage and the arrange marriage were common on both Philippine and Bangladesh. But now because of family structure change and globalization love marriage and semi love marriage are common. For example Ms Malaya’s grandparents marriage or her parents’ marriage were arrange marriage but she prefer love marriage and semi love marriage.
From the influence of women development and family structure change has been influenced by globalization and the process is related with cultural hybridization theory. According to “Globalization” written by George Ritzer, “Cultural hybridization emphasizes the mixing of cultures as a result of globalization and producing out of the intermigration of the global and the local (Cvelkovich and Kellner 1997), of a new and unique hybrid culture that are not reducible to ether local or global culture.” The changes of Ms. Malaya’s life style and the influence of women development and family structure in Philippine are related with cultural hybridization because the education and the nuclear family system from globalization which is now their own culture. In my interview, when I talking with her she compared the Philippine culture with the perception of Bangladesh for understanding me but the way of comparing shows that her culture is better than Bangladeshi culture which is related with cultural ethnocentrism theory – “that is using the practice of your own people as a yardstick to measure new well the custom of other different peoples measure up.”
In conclusion the analyzing from Ms Malaya’s thinking about culture with the concept of Philippine and Bangladesh shows that women development and family structure changes a great impact on cultural change.