ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Yoruba Traditional Marriage/ Engagement List of Items

Updated on December 26, 2016

Image Courtesy

New bide
New bide | Source

A comprehensive Yoruba engagement and marriage list

1 The engagement ring

2 A Bible/ Koran

3 Aso-oke fabric

4 Gold wristwatch

5 Pure honey

6 Bag of salt

7 Bag of sugar

8 Alligator pepper

9 Bitter kola

10 Kola nut

11 Palm oil and vegetable oil

12 A bag of rice

13 42 tubers of yam

14 42 large dry fish

15 She-goat

16 Sugar cane

17 A large suit case

18 Beautiful outfits for the bride

19 Umbrella

20 Corn cake(Aadun)

21 Cartons of fruit juice

22 Cartons of assorted drinks

Cartons of Bottled water

Yoruba engagement

The Yoruba traditional engagement list is not unlike that obtained in the eastern parts of Nigeria. The list has fewer priced items than Igbo engagement list and moderate cash sums.

In some cases, the bridal engagement list is relatively cheap and may consist of perishable food items, drinks, and cloth materials. Grooms who intend marring a Nigerian woman should be adequately prepared for financial engagement in the wedding process.

Tradition dictates that several provisions and engagement customs is strictly followed. The groom’s job is to get the engagement list early and plan towards the implementation.

Knowing exactly what is required makes the process less stressful and easy. Therefore, knowing the list of things needed reduces the stress and makes every thing easier.

However, be mindful of the fact that engagement list in Yoruba land varies according to the status of the family and what each ethnic group requests.

Engagement ring

Beautiful engagement ring
Beautiful engagement ring
Beautiful engagement ring
Beautiful engagement ring

Yoruba engagement list items

Religion plays an important part in Yoruba engagement traditions. If the bride is a Muslim she is presented the Koran, Christian a Bible. The engagement ring is also very important and should be of good quality.

Assorted materials are also prominent in both Yoruba and Igbo engagements and the cost depends on the fabric listed. The fabric can be damask, print, George, silk, Aso-oke or any material listed.

An umbrella is included in the list and it symbolizes the groom’s ability to provide a home, shelter and protect their daughter through good and bad times. Other interesting items you can find in the list include cooking utensils like pots, pans, plates, and cups.

The utensils sometimes are given back to the bride and groom after they are married so they do not need to buy new ones. Cooking ingredients like groundnut oil and palm oil are important items in the engagement list.

Palm oil has great traditional significance in Nigerian customs and traditions and is used during important occasions and rites like child naming. Another important item you might find in the engagement list is honey and sometimes sugarcane.

Some very significant items listed are alligator pepper, kola nuts, grains, and fruits. Yam tubers are some of the most important items listed. Failure to provide the exact number of Yams might lead to financial sanctions during the engagement ceremony.

Food grains like rice and a She goat that signifies fertility is included in the engagement list.


Click thumbnail to view full-size
engagement itemsitems for the Yourba engagement and wedding
engagement items
engagement items | Source
items for the Yourba engagement and wedding
items for the Yourba engagement and wedding | Source

Cash sums paid during engagement ceremonies

1 The entrance or admittance fee ( At the gate of the engagement)

2 Money for the male and female members of the brides family

3 Money for the elders of the family

4 Money for the father and mother of the bride to consent to the union

5 Money for the bridegrooms phone calls

6 The dowry

7 Fee paid before the bride enters the venue

8 Fee paid to unveil the bride

Apart from the dowry, the cumulative cash sums are low and just symbolic.

Items in the List

Which item is not part of Yoruba engagement list

See results

Yoruba traditional marriage items

Apart from the traditional engagement list, certain marriage items are mandatory. Primarily the major items include different monetary sums, like the dowry and other provisions during the engagement and marriage ceremony.

The items demanded by the bride’s family according to tradition are divided into six categories. The categories are the money paid as levies, food items, drinks, fashion items, traditional items, and other items such as umbrella.

Fees and monetary sums

Throughout the proceedings until the bride and groom seat together, various cash sums are paid. The payment are officiated by professional umpires called (Alajo) with one on the brides side and the other on the grooms side.

The cash payments differ slightly but the mechanism the same. Some of the cash payments are the dowry, Owo Isigba, the entrance fee, and unveiling the bride.

Other fees include the bride’s father and mothers consent fees money for the wives, brothers and sisters, and transportation levy for the bride. The monetary sums are usually small amounts and are just symbolic and fun.

Engagement Requirements

Food Products
Monitary Aspect
Other Requirements
Bag of Yam
Bag of Beans
Money For Parents
Cloths Materials
Bag of Rice
Money for Family Members
Bag of Salt
Unvailing the Bride
Palm Oil

Yoruba engagement

 A typical Yoruba engagement scene
A typical Yoruba engagement scene


In Yoruba traditional engagement ceremonies, the amount paid as dowry is subject to the bride’s family request. The Dowry could be a paltry sum or a heavy amount depending on the bride’s family.

A large amount is negotiable and a fixed consensus amount agreed to by both families. Some highly educated families hardly ask for any dowry only a symbolic sum that is a low and reasonable.


The dowry is paid in cash
The dowry is paid in cash

List of engagement items

The groom’s family should buy all the engagement items and present them on the occasion. Some of the items like Yam may undergo scrutiny before acceptance. Engagement lists in Yoruba tradition are similar within tribes but might have slight variations.

Before presenting, the items make sure all the listed items are at the venue. Bellow is an engagement list that covers the basic requirements.

1 Fashion items include materials like ASO-OKE, print fabrics and other specified materials. Two headpieces, two handbags, a gold wrist watch for the bride, women’s cloths, and a large suitcase.

2 Traditional items are bitter kola, alligator pepper, palm oil, and Kola nut.

3 Food items involve 42 tubers of yam, a large bag of salt, bag of sugar, peppered corn meal, 42 large dried fish, and a few other items.

4 Other items are an umbrella, decanter of pure honey, and an empty decanter

5 Drinks and beverages in the list include a specified number of wine bottles, four cartons of fruit juice, four cartons of malt and canned beer.

Male friends of the groom and the groom
Male friends of the groom and the groom


Each item presented in a Yoruba engagement has some symbolic meaning associated to the union. Therefore, every aspect is important even the cash levies, and dramatization like formally asking the parents for their daughter.

Another interesting aspect is the letter reading and first feeding by the bride and groom. Yoruba engagements are not pricy but strict rules apply when going through the engagement rituals.

In some cases, cash sums are acceptable as replacement for only certain items. Planning and having your engagement before the white wedding reduces the stress associated with the process.

Yoruba engagement

© 2015 femi


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • tony55 profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from Nigeria

      Thanks a lot word55. Happy new month

    • word55 profile image

      Al Wordlaw 

      5 years ago from Chicago

      Hi Tony55, I enjoyed your entire hub, including pics and video. Thanks for sharing. God bless you!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)